For questions about acquiring new, or modifying existing, knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences. Learning may involve synthesizing different types of information.

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13 views

How to retain information in Long term memory? [on hold]

I read a lot of books, magazines, articles all of the day. I read for at least 40 hours a week , but i am facing memory problems. When asked a certain question, i am not able to recall the ...
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1answer
23 views

Reference request: the necessity of constraints in learning

I've read theoretical papers on why constraints are a necessary part of any learning system. The papers were aimed at human learning. I'm having trouble finding relevant references now. What papers ...
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1answer
18 views

Is it better to study multiple subjects simultaneously or focus on one subject intensely at a time?

Since I will soon have a bit of free time, I thought I'd use it to enhance my knowledge pool. I chose four subjects that always interested me (but that are not related) and thought I'd dive in a bit ...
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0answers
13 views

Results from machine learning converging with results from neuroscience [closed]

I'm currently picking up deep learning, which is a trending method in the field of machine learning that have recently gained fame for breaking various records (for example in image recognition). It ...
5
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0answers
38 views

How long does it take to learn to cane travel?

How long does it take the average person (either sighted or blind) to learn to use the guide cane successfully for mobility purposes? Source: Lions. Because required training times will depend on ...
5
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2answers
114 views

How do neurons decide how to alter their output signals?

In computer science, neural networks are trained using backpropagation and other methods. Backpropagation heavily relies on mathematical formulas to describe how the weights should be changed ...
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0answers
38 views

How long does the trace of a memory last in the brain?

With long-term plasticity one refers to the phenomen by which synapses are modified by neural activity and these modifications last for long times, a day perhaps of the order of days. This phenomenon ...
5
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2answers
123 views

How does an animal learn what a predator is?

A while ago I heard the following anecdote: "On some tropical island, explorers infested the island with rats that wrecked the native ecosystem. To get rid of rats, people introduced cats ...
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2answers
60 views

What is the name of the scientific study of hypothesis formation?

As a layperson, I am interested about the scientific method but whenever I search it online I get endless results about how to formulate and test hypotheses for the purpose of writing a scientific ...
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3answers
99 views

Can I teach my brain to understand binary?

The question is if I could teach my brain to understand binary codes (for example, ASCII) just like I teach it to understand English, French or any other language. That includes: not to translate ...
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3answers
147 views

Is it possible to master two different typing keyboard layouts?

I am a good typist with qwerty keyboard, I came across other keyboard layouts (eg: Dvorak keyboard). I believe I will never be able to master these two typing layouts simultaneously. Am I right? or ...
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1answer
40 views

Studies of how people learn to solve puzzles

I would like to build a cognitive model that is able to learn how to solve a complex puzzle such as the tower of Hanoi based off of limited feed-back (set of valid moves, closer to goal, farther from ...
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0answers
21 views

Is it possible to train the brain to percieve two different activities occuring at the same time as seperate activities?

Let us consider the effects of orgasm: Rapid contraction of the anal sphincter muscle and Ejaculation. These two separate activities occur as one activity during orgasm. So is it possible to teach the ...
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2answers
57 views

Hebbian Learning - Understanding Simultaneous Firing

Im beginning to write a neural network simulator in Java and thinking of Hebbian Learning but Im stuck at one thing: What causes two neurons to fire at the same interval while only one of them is ...
3
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1answer
78 views

What are the conditions of deliberate practice?

TL;DR: What are the necessary and sufficient conditions for deliberate practice? Longer version: I've read a number of books/articles on deliberate practice and its role in acquiring expertise. The ...
2
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0answers
70 views

Have any drugs been shown to increase the neuroplasticity of adult brains?

I read recently in the book "meet your happy chemicals" that the hormones of puberty are neurochemicals that cause your neurons to connect and myelinate more easily. If this is true have any studies ...
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1answer
39 views

Classical conditioning paradigm for hippocampal learning

I wanted to know what a suitable classical conditioning experiment would be to analyze learning and memory capabilities in rodent models with respect to hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP). For ...
4
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1answer
79 views

Does a short nap improve learning efficiency?

When one attempts to learn a new skill (e.g., play a guitar), it is often heard that the first hour of practice is more effective than the second. I have heard some people say that even 10 minutes of ...
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1answer
54 views

Why do difficult-to-learn subjects seem easier in retrospect?

Background: I have recently noticed that in class, that after I finished a unit, it seems less difficult than I expected it to be. It has happened in math, physics and electronics. Is it possible ...
5
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1answer
36 views

What are the key dates for the development of operant conditioning?

I am trying to build up a timeline of the development of operant conditioning. So far I have the following $1898$ - Thorndike performs experiments using his puzzle box of which Skinner based his ...
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0answers
27 views

What is the best way to learn in an environment that only has delayed feedback?

There are some skills that take a lot of time to learn because feedback is delayed. Examples I have in mind are weightlifting, healthy eating, and mindfulness. The promised effects of practicing these ...
3
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1answer
117 views

Is critical thinking associated with IQ?

I consider myself a person with reasonable intelligence. In my job, I require a lot of critical thinking. I am good at think laterally, but sometimes I feel I missed important critical evaluations of ...
6
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1answer
97 views

Could a painful stimulus be effectively used as a learning aid?

In rats, the application of a painful stimulus has shown an increase in overall arousal and the ability to learn certain behaviours (The study is neatly summed up in this video: Motivation and Reward ...
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1answer
56 views

Is teacher guidance always necessary to become an expert? [closed]

Is it necessary to have a teacher (or mentor/coach) to master every skill? What if I am taking an online tutorial with pre-recorded videos? Can I count that teacher training? I have read the concept ...
4
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2answers
79 views

Do hints improve memorization when using spaced repetition?

For example, I'm learning geography using the spaced repetition method. I have some program which asks me questions like, "In which country Melbourne is located?", and I have to recall the country ...
4
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1answer
175 views

Do 10.000 hours of practice make you an expert?

With his book "Outliers" Malcolm Gladwell has widely popularized the idea that the requirement to become an expert in any field is largely to invest at least 10.000 hours of deliberate practice. ...
2
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2answers
195 views

Efficient learning strategies?

When learning a new subject or a skill, is it more effective to break practice into small sub-skills and focus on them for months until they have been fully mastered, or to practice each small ...
3
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1answer
52 views

Study showing how different ages of children learn about balancing objects

I'm trying to track down a source for an idea I saw in a documentary a while ago (sorry, no idea where!) It demonstrated how children learn differently at different ages, through showing them ...
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0answers
52 views

Can one become addicted to learning?

Is it possibly to become addicted to learning? What drives this addiction and how can it be controlled? Note: I'm not sure this is the right exchange for this question... Its the best fit as far as ...
2
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2answers
67 views

How many hours of speech do kids hear before learning a language?

I'd like some estimates of how many hours of English speech kids typically are exposed to before reaching various levels of mastery. I realize this is a very fuzzy question, but I'm sure ballpark ...
2
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1answer
46 views

If sleeping is related to 'saving information' you've experience, is forgetting related to more energy?

So I was watching this youtube video (Only check 1:05 - 1:25) where it suggested we sleep because the brain needs rest to save/process all information we perceived throughout the day. I directly made ...
3
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0answers
26 views

Learning Reading without Speech?

I have this question from wandering how a person, who does not have speech capability or is isolated from people who speaks, could learn how to read? Will a language (A) like English or (B) like ...
8
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2answers
321 views

Cognitive Science podcasts to follow

I'm currently trying to find interesting Cognitive Science related podcasts to follow. Only one I've found is You are not so smart. Does anyone know anything else? Preferably in English. If the ...
9
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2answers
141 views

Are good students truly good at all things?

Source: 'Putting a Bolder Face on Google' By LAURA M. HOLSON At a recent personnel meeting, she homes in on grade-point averages and SAT scores to narrow a list of candidates, many having ...
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1answer
173 views

Can you make yourself like/hate something when you learned to hate/like it during early life?

Suppose that someone develops liking (or even obsessing with) something since very early life, e.g watching football from age 5 to age 25. Is it possible to consciously make oneself hate it when one ...
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1answer
104 views

Short term memory and an effective learning strategy [duplicate]

What is the most efficient method learning multiple academic topics in parallel with each other. I propose, for a small number of different things (say 4), the best method is to cycle the topics, over ...
0
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1answer
30 views

Approaches to life coaching

I work on a theological reflection of coaching. I would like to list some basic directions/approaches/ways/schools that differ each other. My attempt: Neuroscience based coaching Systemic coaching ...
15
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3answers
136 views

Is there any study on the effectiveness of taking notes in a lecture vs taking notes on written materials?

In many lectures I heard, I basically copied the lecture notes of the professor from the board into my notebook (I study mathematics). For me those lectures are comparable with going into the library, ...
2
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2answers
118 views

Is all learning a subconscious activity?

As a non-native English speaker I recently tried to understand difference in phrases "to study" and "to learn". I found some explanations here on English language and usage SE, stating that learning ...
4
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0answers
43 views

Age of learning versus relative mastery - are they linked?

Infants learn different things in different ages. Let's say infant A learns to speak at age 1 (I have no idea what is normal), and infant B learn to speak at age 1.5. Does the age of learning say ...
2
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0answers
40 views

Writing system, its future and social importance [closed]

I work on a rather specific subject, namely developement and inventing of writing systems (simply - alphabets). For some years it was just a hobby and creative exercise, but with time this hobby ...
2
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0answers
34 views

Physiological mapping of frustration

What physiological changes are seen in the brain when a person is experiencing frustration? What effects do these changes have on learning? Optional background: I'm trying to figure out an ...
3
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1answer
41 views

Is there any scientific basis to different learning styles?

People often identify themselves are visual, audio or kinesthetic learners. This at first sounds plausible, but when I reflect on myself, I find that I am unable to define exactly what it means to be ...
2
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0answers
50 views

How many words are toddlers “making up”?

My 20-month old has learned many words to express herself. In addition she says many other words that are indecipherable from context nor pronunciation. It's most noticeable in novel or unusual ...
5
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0answers
114 views

Why has behaviourism fallen out of favour?

Despite the catchy title, I'm not interested in personal opinions here. I am however, interested in feedback on how to better phrase the question so as to avoid personal opinions. After some ...
4
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1answer
54 views

Is there a difference between the time/effort it takes for the blind and the sighted to learn to read Braille?

The visually deprived brain undergoes extensive remodeling due to cross-modal plasticity. This leads to increased areas of the cortex being available for other purposes such as tactile processing. Now ...
0
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1answer
81 views

Do bilingual children learn two languages faster than monolingual children learn one language?

Do children from bilingual families learn two languages faster than children from monolingual families learn one language? In other words, I'm wondering if there's a language learning advantage to ...
4
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0answers
32 views

What's the relation between BCM and Oja's learning rule?

A software I'm using has implemented two unsupervised learning algorithms, Oja's and Bienenstock, Cooper, Munro's (BCM) learning rule. I understand that they are two very different algorithms for ...
0
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1answer
81 views

What is the effect of irrelevant reading after study on memory consolidation?

I heard and experienced a little that unconscious mental processes involved in storing memories work really well when you are not thinking about your study subject during rest. However, I'm not sure ...
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1answer
68 views

For what kind of concepts do we really need an analogy?

Literature suggests that analogies are helpful in teaching and learning science concepts. But every concept can not and should not be taught using analogies as there are some concepts that can be ...