For questions about acquiring new, or modifying existing, knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences. Learning may involve synthesizing different types of information.

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Does STDP make the Hebbian learning rule redundant?

On Scholarpedia they introduce STDP (spike timing dependent plasticity) as a temporally asymmetric form of Hebbian learning, making it sound as if the original Hebbian rule still has relevance in ...
5
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1answer
39 views

What models/mechanisms exist for the brain to chain movements together?

Motor Sequence Learning is the study of the cognitive ability to chain various motor sequences together. The most intuitive example of this is learning to play a sequence of notes on a piano. ...
3
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1answer
9 views

Effect of variability due during motor skill training

When training fine motor skills, are identically setup practice sessions ideal or, like machine learning, does adding noise/variability to the practice session increase skill acquisition?
8
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1answer
97 views

What is the ACT-R model of learning?

I am reading this paper titled: Effect of Temporal Spacing between Advertising Exposures In this paper, the author mentions the ACT-R model and how it explains an ...
6
votes
1answer
46 views

Effects of Game-based Learning on Motivation for Learning

I have already asked this question here, but I did not receive my answer. I found this site a more appropriate place to ask it. I found many studies discovering the impacts of game-based learning on ...
4
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0answers
19 views

Does the number of alternatives in a multiple choice question affect the learning output?

I have built several apps in Norwegian about hunting, philosophy etc. Students use the app to learn a subject and test their knowledge before doing their exam. In current state i have one question ...
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0answers
9 views

Ebbinghaus like model for retention of details from experience

I've come across the Ebbinghaus Curve (forgetting curve) showing the retention of learned knowledge over time, but I wondered if there was the same kind of model for the retention of details from ...
0
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0answers
13 views

Does being exposed to extreme heat for a short time affect learning performance afterwards?

I live in Thailand where it's so hot all the time(it's 31°C/88°F at the time I post even though it's raining). All students in the state school must assemble in the morning before class and sing the ...
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0answers
10 views

Do STDP synapses potentiate AND depress at the same time?

Do STDP synapses potentiate and depress at the same time? Consider the following scenario where two cells are connected by an STDP synapse: PRE and POST. PRE cell fires two action potentials 2 ms ...
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0answers
37 views

Should I learn the day before an exam if I am already confident enough?

I am confident of my knowledge because I’ve studied and practiced long enough. Tomorrow is the exam. Which is better of the following, given I have the time to practice even more. I would have a good ...
9
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2answers
369 views

Do all types of synapses in the brain change based on spike-timing-dependent plasticity?

Synapses likely change their strengths based on a form of spike-timing-dependent plasticity. Is this true for all types of synapses in all parts of the human brain? I wonder if there are also synapses ...
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0answers
21 views

What combats Retroactive Interference?

All I've found is one sentence somewhere that said something like "more rehearsal." I've also read that the method of loci makes for "minimal interference," but no elaboration on why exactly nor how ...
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0answers
17 views

Reference request how a space/room may affect our cognitive behaviour

I noticed different rooms may affect my cognitive perspective and I want to understand why and how it occurs. Therefore I'm searching for books where they can help me to understand it. Does anyone has ...
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0answers
22 views

Do dreams improve upon memory and understanding by making the sensory experience MORE LIKE thought? [closed]

It is certainly a great fact/truth that the ability of thought to describe or reconfigure sensory experience is ultimately dependent upon the extent to which thought is similar to sensory experience. ...
2
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0answers
22 views

Third time's the Charm: any research into how we learn from error?

I have often told people that I make a mistake two different ways before I really understand a situation. Is there any research that explains how and why this works? As an analogy, there is something ...
5
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1answer
64 views

How / when does neurogenesis occur while learning?

I've heard that learning to Juggle (new things) helps increase neurogenesis. So, what does it depend on? Does it have to be a physical skill only? Or can I study / read about Economics(which is ...
2
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0answers
20 views

What is the role of non-synaptic plasticity in learning and memory?

Is non-synaptic plasticity (e.g. changes in the spike threshold) believed to play a large role in learning and memory? If so, which roles are these effects believed to play?
4
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4answers
179 views

What is the easiest way to memorize big amounts of information (a.k.a. learning for exams)?

I consider myself a person with above average intelligence, that is, I am able to understand complex systems with relative ease. My weak point however is that I've always struggled with memorizing. ...
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0answers
50 views

Do “overview” sections increase learning outcome?

Suppose a math textbook contains an overview chapter for each part of the textbook. The intent of those overview chapters is to motivate and introduce the new mathematical concepts which will be ...
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1answer
39 views

What is the best strategy to learn a technical material (IT)? (the exam will be multiple choice questions) [closed]

I need to learn for an IT exam. The topics cover a large number of related subjects covering around 10 books. Since I will never need to recall the entire material at once does it make sense to use ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

How does the brains “focused” and “diffused” modes facilitate learning?

I am insatiably curious about the topic of "accelerated learning". Think about that scene in the matrix where trinity downloads the skill of how to fly a helicopter into her brain in a few seconds. ...
4
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0answers
56 views

Why does learning new mental skills lead to headaches?

Why is deliberate practice uncomfortable? For example, during learning college math and playing the piano. Why do we get headaches after long hours of practice? According to this question, learning ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

How can neuronal networks with local learning rules predict their future inputs?

Local learning rules like Contrastive Hebbian Learning, XCAL, etc. are based on the idea of strengthening edges when the neurons they connect fire simultaneously. This causes frequent patterns in the ...
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0answers
16 views

How does hPES describe STDP?

Spike-Timing-Dependent Plasticity is believed to be how neurons change their connection weights and thus change what functions they are computing. From Towards Biologically Plausible Deep Learning: ...
2
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1answer
38 views

Chunking and learning vocabulary

Learning vocabulary seems to be efficient if the words are learned in a fixed sequence, but it seems to be harder to recall these words in a different sequence then the learning sequence. I wonder ...
2
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0answers
31 views

Is there a name for “loopback teaching” technique (explaining something to yourself to learn it)?

Here's the description of a process which I call "loopback teaching": First, I learn something the "normal" way, e.g. by reading or watching. I imagine a person or multiple people which I think may ...
2
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2answers
167 views

Which part of the brain is not working optimally if an individual is unable to understand scientific concepts and mathematics?

I have often observed that while I can understand concepts related to Finance and Literature very easily I find it extremely difficult to understand scientific topics related to Physics, Maths or ...
3
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1answer
54 views

Do dissolving myelinated connections explain learning?

In order to understand how we get rid of established habits/behavior: Can myelinated connections be dissolved or are new connections created that bypass those connections?
2
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0answers
55 views

How long should one study daily in order to avoid burnout?

I googled this quite a lot and it seems that I can't find the answer to the above question. I can find details on what to do to avoid the burnout but nothing specific on how long should one study new ...
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0answers
20 views

The explaination of definition of learning

In Robert Baron's book I found learning to be "any permanent change in behaviour or behavioural potential as a result of experiences. (Bandura,1986).But I got a question that what is meant by- ...
0
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0answers
22 views

Research into monolexia?

Monolexia is the inability to read two or more equal-looking mathematical symbols or words when these are found within the same context (book, page, paragraph, or other related contexts) and ...
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0answers
32 views

Asian Languages Math Advantage

I'm looking for a reference showing that asian languages such as Chinese and Japanese allow for easier understanding of numbers than English. Here's an excerpt from Malcolm Gladwell's "Outliers" that ...
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0answers
63 views

Math understanding: intuitions and proofs

I think that cogsci can help me to study a problem in philosophy of math. Consider this case (adapted from M. Detlefsen, Brouwerian intuitionism): Lucy has the kind of understanding of a given math ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

How liking and disliking mechanism is developed? [duplicate]

Every one likes different things, places, people, colors, flowers etc. I am interested to know how this mechanism is developed in individuals. If we suppose that it is started from home. Then why ...
1
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1answer
84 views

Does playing video games increase attention and learning agility, therefore career performance

Recently, there has been a lot of research into the positive effects of video games on cognition, As business insider reports. I'm curious as to whether somebody should play video games purely to ...
8
votes
1answer
97 views

Have there been any studies into language development in the blind?

The title pretty much says it all. I'm looking for any studies or experiments into language development in those born blind. I'm interested as part of my investigations into AI on how language is ...
4
votes
2answers
143 views

What are the most effective psychological techniques for unlearning information

What are the most effective psychological techniques for unlearning information? Let me given you a simple example for clarity's sake: In high school, you learn that electrons orbit around a nucleus, ...
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0answers
43 views

Intelligence and Poor Performance [closed]

I hope this is a valid question for this forum. Is there any learning disability related to a person being intelligent but having great difficulty expressing themselves especially on written exams or ...
2
votes
2answers
196 views

What makes some things difficult or easy to understand?

I am thinking really deep about this topic with no answer. For example while learning set theory first time you find it very difficult to get your head around ...
2
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0answers
24 views

For comprehension and critical thinking examinations, is recognition sufficient, or is recall more imperative for success?

Recognition is the ability to retrieve information given a set of stimulus, be it a cue, a hint, a reference to a term then asking one to elaborate. Recall is the ability to produce content without ...
8
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3answers
237 views

Are there any ways to increase dopamine and serotonin levels when working or learning something complex?

There is much information regarding learning styles and ways to leverage them, along with boosting focus, alertness and concentration. However, I'm looking for accompanying information that would be ...
2
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0answers
18 views

Why do we have so much neurological research on and treatment designed for dyslexia, yet less so for dyscalculia?

I know next to nothing about intervention methods designed for dyscalculia, or 'dyslexia with numbers', as I have heard it colloquially referred to (considering how obscure the term seems to be ...
2
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2answers
56 views

Reference request: the necessity of constraints in learning

I've read theoretical papers on why constraints are a necessary part of any learning system. The papers were aimed at human learning. I'm having trouble finding relevant references now. What papers ...
2
votes
1answer
645 views

Is it better to study multiple subjects simultaneously or focus on one subject intensely at a time?

Since I will soon have a bit of free time, I thought I'd use it to enhance my knowledge pool. I chose four subjects that always interested me (but that are not related) and thought I'd dive in a bit ...
0
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0answers
31 views

Results from machine learning converging with results from neuroscience [closed]

I'm currently picking up deep learning, which is a trending method in the field of machine learning that have recently gained fame for breaking various records (for example in image recognition). It ...
6
votes
1answer
70 views

How long does it take to learn to cane travel?

How long does it take the average person (either sighted or blind) to learn to use the guide cane successfully for mobility purposes? Source: Lions. Because required training times will depend on ...
6
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2answers
181 views

How do neurons decide how to alter their output signals?

In computer science, neural networks are trained using backpropagation and other methods. Backpropagation heavily relies on mathematical formulas to describe how the weights should be changed ...
5
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1answer
175 views

How long does the trace of a memory last in the brain?

With long-term plasticity one refers to the phenomen by which synapses are modified by neural activity and these modifications last for long times, a day perhaps of the order of days. This phenomenon ...
5
votes
2answers
184 views

How does an animal learn what a predator is?

A while ago I heard the following anecdote: "On some tropical island, explorers infested the island with rats that wrecked the native ecosystem. To get rid of rats, people introduced cats ...
6
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2answers
94 views

What is the name of the scientific study of hypothesis formation?

As a layperson, I am interested about the scientific method but whenever I search it online I get endless results about how to formulate and test hypotheses for the purpose of writing a scientific ...