For questions about the psychology and neuroscience of the production and perception of oral and written language.

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0
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2answers
21 views

What statistical method to compare bilinguals and monolinguals on a task switching task?

I have data from my experiment where two groups participated (monolinguals vs. bilinguals). There was a language switching as well as a task switching part to the experiment where the data tells how ...
0
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0answers
21 views

Are there universal cat signaling gestures?

I've recently became aware that many aspects of human behavior can be explained in terms of signaling theory, where we send each other signals of our fitness, personality qualities and status. For ...
4
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1answer
84 views

How many words are toddlers “making up”?

My 20-month old has learned many words to express herself. In addition she says many other words that are indecipherable from context nor pronunciation. It's most noticeable in novel or unusual ...
2
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3answers
121 views

Is there any evidence that language is the limit of my world?

Philosopher Wittgenstein says that "the limit of my language means the limit of my world". One theory that supports this statement is that people couldn't see the blue colour until they have the word ...
17
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8answers
4k views

Is it possible to think in a second language?

Those who have learned a second language are guaranteed to consciously think of words and their corresponding meaning in your native language or vice versa. This is common with more "complex" ...
6
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0answers
44 views

What are the pros and cons of teaching a toddler two languages simultaneously versus sequentially?

Would it cause any speech issues if I decide to teach my toddler English and Spanish at the same time? Or should I teach one language first and then the other one?
5
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1answer
85 views

Does knowing a word for an emotion cause a person to feel the emotion more frequently?

I am aware of the Frequency Illusion which makes it more likely for us to notice a new word if we just heard about it recently, but I was wondering if this is true for emotions as well. Logically, I ...
9
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1answer
161 views

Does a split brain affect the inner voice?

In the Nature link provided, split brain reportedly alters the processing of sensory input (e.g., an aberrant performance on monocular visual tasks under laboratory conditions), and impairs motor ...
6
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4answers
122 views

Why do people have different personalities when speaking different languages?

Edit: This study is much more relevant in terms of the question. This study suggests (according to article linked below) that a multilingual person can have multiple personalities, each tied to one ...
6
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3answers
60 views

Why does autism sometimes impede the ability to produce speech?

My seventeen year old brother is severely autistic and unable to communicate. He can produce sounds, and imitate words, but he doesn't respond to words in a way that suggests he understands them. His ...
8
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2answers
83 views

What if people understand or interpret words differently in their mind?

Let's think about it, we have all adopted to learn the meaning of words through experiences or emotions. We didn't learn each and every word from a dictionary. What if I understand a word slightly ...
7
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1answer
2k views

Body Language: Why do we give each other the grumpy/frowning fake smile?

I've recently become aware of this - I kinda knew I was always doing it, but just now it got me self conscious and thinking about it: When crossing paths with a stranger, you are supposed to be ...
4
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1answer
81 views

Why does the brain skip over repeated “the” words in sentences?

For example, in this sentence by the the time you are done reading you will have already skipped over the double "the". I have searched this on the internet a little, but I have found nothing that ...
8
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1answer
97 views

Have there been any studies into language development in the blind?

The title pretty much says it all. I'm looking for any studies or experiments into language development in those born blind. I'm interested as part of my investigations into AI on how language is ...
2
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0answers
30 views

What is the phenomenon where a person inexplicably feels that a word is spelled wrong? [closed]

Sometimes, I get the inexplicable feeling, which also happens to be maddening, that the word why is spelled wrong. In my mind, for a few seconds at least, the spelling doesn't match with the word at ...
6
votes
4answers
378 views

is it possible to think without language?

I'm trying to fathom what it might be like for a person with aphasia and for one with agnosia. For a person with a visual agnosia I wonder this: if two unrecognizable objects are shown to them, and ...
6
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0answers
41 views

Does the brain generate identical words in different languages similarly?

Saying (or even just thinking) a word or phrase results from activity in multiple regions of your brain. Of course, we can measure/'map' this activity to some degree; From wikipedia: EEG measures ...
3
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0answers
25 views

How is it called when we explicitly quantify a letter or digit instead of spelling it out multiple times?

When we need to repeat a letter or digit several times (for example when spelling out a number or an acronym) it is easier to explicitly quantify it instead of spelling it out repeatedly: for example ...
21
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3answers
8k views

Why do you sometimes write down one word while actually intending to write another?

I've caught myself writing (typing) "possible" instead of "possibly" a few times over the past few days, while I do intend to write "possibly". Only upon rereading the sentence I notice my mistake. ...
0
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2answers
36 views

Anonymity creates an environment full of bullies?

The Stack Exchange websites has people anonymously up vote or down vote whether questions and answers are good or bad and everyone builds their reputation based on this alone. I saw a question on the ...
2
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3answers
175 views

Why do we say, “Oh!” when we are surprised?

I have noticed that I and many of my peers tend to say "Oh!" whenever we are surprised or think of an answer to a question. This "Oh!" is not only prevalent in English, but also in Korean and German. ...
11
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2answers
7k views

Why does repeating one word over and over again sound weird to us after some time?

This effect seems to be observed with almost any word. I would say this phenomenon 'works' for longer and complex words better. When we repeat a word over and over again, it starts to sound very ...
0
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0answers
15 views

Bias against some words in second language due to a feel that those words “don't sound right” from the first language perspective. Is it common?

Every now and then I notice learners of second language (especially beginners) to be biased against certain words in a language when those words seem to phonetically mismatch the concept being ...
13
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2answers
2k views

Why might a stutterer not stutter when talking to themselves, whispering, or singing?

Background: I'm a stutterer myself and have always wondered what caused my stuttering. There have been reports of the effects of certain genes and environmental factors that causes stuttering. But ...
0
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0answers
37 views

The difference between fluent and non-fluent aphasia

Is it safe to define all fluent aphasias as having spontaneous speech and non-fluent as not having spontaneous speech? Is this a safe boundary to draw between the two categories?
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0answers
21 views

Contemporary Resources on Cognitive Science of Typing

[Apologies if this is too general.] I'm doing research on language production during the computer keyboard typing process. There are some great classic articles like Rumelhart & Norman, 1982 and ...
6
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2answers
228 views

What is the neurobiological basis of the “inner voice” used for thought or reading?

I've recently experienced a number of hypnogogic near sleep states characterized by change in thinking (stage 1-2 sleep). I noticed that if I let go and get absorbed in the state, I can follow it. I ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Do subjects with a missing cerebellum have a superior ability to verbalize motion sequences?

Since the function of the cerebellum in patients with cerebellar hypoplasia needs to be taken over by other brain components such as the motor cortex, and since the cortex is the source of language, ...
6
votes
1answer
117 views

Why do people who stutter have less difficulty singing than speaking?

From what I have read, stutterers tend to have much less trouble singing than speaking. Do we know why this is the case?
6
votes
1answer
77 views

Do people low on agreeableness swear more?

Reading through a scientific report on Big 5 characteristics in everyday life, I found a -.28 correlation for Agreaableness and swearing. http://dingo.sbs.arizona.edu/~mehl/eReprints/EARlensmodelJPSP....
13
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5answers
24k views

What causes some people to unconsciously imitate the accents of others?

Background: I often notice that when I talk with someone with an accent that I often unconsciously start to imitate their accent. Similarly, you see some people that very quickly after moving to a ...
8
votes
2answers
171 views

How does a language deprived person think?

Question Let us say a person is deprived of language (of any form, including verbal and non-verbal) since birth to an age where normal adult brain functioning would be expected. Then how would they ...
3
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0answers
38 views

What's the difference between metaphor and conceptual blending?

A "metaphor" seems to be just the discourse-level result of a conceptual blend. If you're more of a Lakoff-guy, I could see you claiming "metaphor", especially a "conceptual metaphor" to be the same ...
2
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1answer
120 views

What is the opposite of an insult for the purposes of triggering lasting positive affect?

Over the centuries, western cultures have developed dozens of swear words, insults and curse words that are intended to trigger acute negative affect in the recipient. If one particular word does not ...
9
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3answers
395 views

Is it easy in languages other than English to read a paragraph where all but the first and last letters of every word have been rearranged?

I was really surprised how fast I was able to read and comprehend following text: I cnduo't bvleiee taht I culod aulaclty uesdtannrd waht I was rdnaieg. Unisg the icndeblire pweor of the hmuan ...
5
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0answers
87 views

Do readers consider the passive voice as more authoritative?

In the middle of the last century (roughly from the 20s-70s) the passive voice dominated scientific writing; or should it be said that scientific writing was dominated by the passive voice? Nowadays,...
5
votes
3answers
215 views

How much information is lost when conveying an experience or emotion to another person?

Certain languages have words that do not literally translate into any another language. There is already a small loss of information in this sense. Emotions are a personal experience and the ...
1
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1answer
61 views

Reading words without pronunciation

I have been trying to practice speed reading, and found the removal of subvocalization technique, but it seems almost impossible to understand words without pronouncing them in my head. I think our ...
5
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0answers
59 views

How successful are modern (2015) sentiment analysis algorithms for identifying emotion?

I see a number of questions about implementing text sentiment analysis algorithms on StackOverflow, and am interested - how effective are sentiment analysis algorithms at identifying the mood/emotion/...
1
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0answers
30 views

What is the evidence for linguistic determinism?

Lately, I have been pondering whether the idea of linguistic determinism has empirical support. Background: I know a couple languages, and I am proficient in 2 of them. So sometimes if I need to ...
17
votes
1answer
401 views

Does the effect of naturalistic exposure on second language acquisition vary with age?

A while back, I watched the movie The Terminal and the main character played by Tom Hanks learns to speak fluent English while he is stranded in the airport for more than a year. Which seems somewhat ...
7
votes
2answers
4k views

Difficulty of expressing thoughts verbally

Some people find it difficult to express their thoughts verbally. They may often feel that their words don't give their thoughts enough justice, and that their thoughts could've been verbalized better....
4
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0answers
84 views

Measuring attitude towards learning another language?

Does a validated scale to asses a person's attitude towards learning a new language exist? So far I have only found the following questionnaires: Language Learning Attitudes Questionnaire ...
6
votes
2answers
243 views

Do women talk more than men?

If you believe the stereotype, women are much more talkative then men. Is there a kernel of truth to this stereotype? I have seen media reports of studies trying to debunk this as a myth. However, ...
1
vote
1answer
106 views

How did the concepts of left and right direction develop in the human mind?

I hope this is the correct forum to ask; if not, please migrate to a better place. How did humans came to agree on a distinction between the directions "right" and "left"? I could think of two ...
4
votes
1answer
78 views

Does 3rd person reference to self change perception of self?

If you refer to yourself in the third person for a day how does your understanding of self change? For example are you more inclined to consider your actions and motivations from and external ...
4
votes
0answers
66 views

What's the most effective way to learn and revise foreign language vocabulary?

Google searches have suggested to me that some sore of spaced repetition should work best, keeping in mind Ebbinghaus's "Forgetting Curve". However, it is not clear to me exactly when I should ...
-1
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1answer
47 views

What are the possible causes of sometimes using incorrect word ordering when speaking?

A friend sometimes speaks with incorrect word ordering. However, he writes English at a professional level. How could this be? His vocabulary is fine, just the word ordering is weird sometimes when he ...
4
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0answers
50 views

Age of learning versus relative mastery - are they linked?

Infants learn different things in different ages. Let's say infant A learns to speak at age 1 (I have no idea what is normal), and infant B learn to speak at age 1.5. Does the age of learning say ...
3
votes
1answer
103 views

Using CBT for a justified fear?

I am a speech language pathologist. I have a 19 year old patient who grew up with a number of different speech impediments (not a stutter). He was bullied a lot, and because of this he is very ...