For questions about the psychology and neuroscience of the production and perception of oral and written language.

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2
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0answers
22 views

What is the phenomenon where a person inexplicably feels that a word is spelled wrong? [on hold]

Sometimes, I get the inexplicable feeling, which also happens to be maddening, that the word why is spelled wrong. In my mind, for a few seconds at least, the spelling doesn't match with the word at ...
6
votes
4answers
363 views

is it possible to think without language?

I'm trying to fathom what it might be like for a person with aphasia and for one with agnosia. For a person with a visual agnosia I wonder this: if two unrecognizable objects are shown to them, and ...
4
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0answers
64 views

How many words are toddlers “making up”?

My 20-month old has learned many words to express herself. In addition she says many other words that are indecipherable from context nor pronunciation. It's most noticeable in novel or unusual ...
6
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0answers
35 views

Does the brain generate identical words in different languages similarly?

Saying (or even just thinking) a word or phrase results from activity in multiple regions of your brain. Of course, we can measure/'map' this activity to some degree; From wikipedia: EEG measures ...
2
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0answers
21 views

How is it called when we explicitly quantify a letter or digit instead of spelling it out multiple times?

When we need to repeat a letter or digit several times (for example when spelling out a number or an acronym) it is easier to explicitly quantify it instead of spelling it out repeatedly: for example ...
20
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3answers
7k views

Why do you sometimes write down one word while actually intending to write another?

I've caught myself writing (typing) "possible" instead of "possibly" a few times over the past few days, while I do intend to write "possibly". Only upon rereading the sentence I notice my mistake. ...
0
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2answers
34 views

Anonymity creates an environment full of bullies?

The Stack Exchange websites has people anonymously up vote or down vote whether questions and answers are good or bad and everyone builds their reputation based on this alone. I saw a question on the ...
8
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0answers
83 views

Have there been any studies into language development in the blind?

The title pretty much says it all. I'm looking for any studies or experiments into language development in those born blind. I'm interested as part of my investigations into AI on how language is ...
2
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3answers
132 views

Why do we say, “Oh!” when we are surprised?

I have noticed that I and many of my peers tend to say "Oh!" whenever we are surprised or think of an answer to a question. This "Oh!" is not only prevalent in English, but also in Korean and German. ...
10
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2answers
7k views

Why does repeating one word over and over again sound weird to us after some time?

This effect seems to be observed with almost any word. I would say this phenomenon 'works' for longer and complex words better. When we repeat a word over and over again, it starts to sound very ...
0
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0answers
13 views

Bias against some words in second language due to a feel that those words “don't sound right” from the first language perspective. Is it common?

Every now and then I notice learners of second language (especially beginners) to be biased against certain words in a language when those words seem to phonetically mismatch the concept being ...
13
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2answers
2k views

Why might a stutterer not stutter when talking to themselves, whispering, or singing?

Background: I'm a stutterer myself and have always wondered what caused my stuttering. There have been reports of the effects of certain genes and environmental factors that causes stuttering. But ...
0
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0answers
28 views

The difference between fluent and non-fluent aphasia

Is it safe to define all fluent aphasias as having spontaneous speech and non-fluent as not having spontaneous speech? Is this a safe boundary to draw between the two categories?
1
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0answers
20 views

Contemporary Resources on Cognitive Science of Typing

[Apologies if this is too general.] I'm doing research on language production during the computer keyboard typing process. There are some great classic articles like Rumelhart & Norman, 1982 and ...
6
votes
2answers
217 views

What is the neurobiological basis of the “inner voice” used for thought or reading?

I've recently experienced a number of hypnogogic near sleep states characterized by change in thinking (stage 1-2 sleep). I noticed that if I let go and get absorbed in the state, I can follow it. I ...
1
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1answer
37 views

Do subjects with a missing cerebellum have a superior ability to verbalize motion sequences?

Since the function of the cerebellum in patients with cerebellar hypoplasia needs to be taken over by other brain components such as the motor cortex, and since the cortex is the source of language, ...
5
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1answer
105 views

Why do people who stutter have less difficulty singing than speaking?

From what I have read, stutterers tend to have much less trouble singing than speaking. Do we know why this is the case?
6
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1answer
72 views

Do people low on agreeableness swear more?

Reading through a scientific report on Big 5 characteristics in everyday life, I found a -.28 correlation for Agreaableness and swearing. ...
12
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5answers
21k views

What causes some people to unconsciously imitate the accents of others?

Background: I often notice that when I talk with someone with an accent that I often unconsciously start to imitate their accent. Similarly, you see some people that very quickly after moving to a ...
8
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2answers
151 views

How does a language deprived person think?

Question Let us say a person is deprived of language (of any form, including verbal and non-verbal) since birth to an age where normal adult brain functioning would be expected. Then how would they ...
3
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0answers
34 views

What's the difference between metaphor and conceptual blending?

A "metaphor" seems to be just the discourse-level result of a conceptual blend. If you're more of a Lakoff-guy, I could see you claiming "metaphor", especially a "conceptual metaphor" to be the same ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

What is the opposite of an insult for the purposes of triggering lasting positive affect?

Over the centuries, western cultures have developed dozens of swear words, insults and curse words that are intended to trigger acute negative affect in the recipient. If one particular word does not ...
9
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3answers
373 views

Is it easy in languages other than English to read a paragraph where all but the first and last letters of every word have been rearranged?

I was really surprised how fast I was able to read and comprehend following text: I cnduo't bvleiee taht I culod aulaclty uesdtannrd waht I was rdnaieg. Unisg the icndeblire pweor of the hmuan ...
5
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0answers
84 views

Do readers consider the passive voice as more authoritative?

In the middle of the last century (roughly from the 20s-70s) the passive voice dominated scientific writing; or should it be said that scientific writing was dominated by the passive voice? ...
5
votes
3answers
210 views

How much information is lost when conveying an experience or emotion to another person?

Certain languages have words that do not literally translate into any another language. There is already a small loss of information in this sense. Emotions are a personal experience and the ...
1
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1answer
58 views

Reading words without pronunciation

I have been trying to practice speed reading, and found the removal of subvocalization technique, but it seems almost impossible to understand words without pronouncing them in my head. I think our ...
5
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0answers
58 views

How successful are modern (2015) sentiment analysis algorithms for identifying emotion?

I see a number of questions about implementing text sentiment analysis algorithms on StackOverflow, and am interested - how effective are sentiment analysis algorithms at identifying the ...
1
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0answers
29 views

What is the evidence for linguistic determinism?

Lately, I have been pondering whether the idea of linguistic determinism has empirical support. Background: I know a couple languages, and I am proficient in 2 of them. So sometimes if I need to ...
17
votes
1answer
400 views

Does the effect of naturalistic exposure on second language acquisition vary with age?

A while back, I watched the movie The Terminal and the main character played by Tom Hanks learns to speak fluent English while he is stranded in the airport for more than a year. Which seems somewhat ...
7
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2answers
3k views

Difficulty of expressing thoughts verbally

Some people find it difficult to express their thoughts verbally. They may often feel that their words don't give their thoughts enough justice, and that their thoughts could've been verbalized ...
4
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0answers
81 views

Measuring attitude towards learning another language?

Does a validated scale to asses a person's attitude towards learning a new language exist? So far I have only found the following questionnaires: Language Learning Attitudes Questionnaire ...
6
votes
2answers
232 views

Do women talk more than men?

If you believe the stereotype, women are much more talkative then men. Is there a kernel of truth to this stereotype? I have seen media reports of studies trying to debunk this as a myth. However, ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

How did the concepts of left and right direction develop in the human mind?

I hope this is the correct forum to ask; if not, please migrate to a better place. How did humans came to agree on a distinction between the directions "right" and "left"? I could think of two ...
4
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1answer
77 views

Does 3rd person reference to self change perception of self?

If you refer to yourself in the third person for a day how does your understanding of self change? For example are you more inclined to consider your actions and motivations from and external ...
14
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7answers
4k views

Is it possible to think in a second language?

Those who have learned a second language are guaranteed to consciously think of words and their corresponding meaning in your native language or vice versa. This is common with more "complex" ...
4
votes
0answers
65 views

What's the most effective way to learn and revise foreign language vocabulary?

Google searches have suggested to me that some sore of spaced repetition should work best, keeping in mind Ebbinghaus's "Forgetting Curve". However, it is not clear to me exactly when I should ...
-1
votes
1answer
44 views

What are the possible causes of sometimes using incorrect word ordering when speaking?

A friend sometimes speaks with incorrect word ordering. However, he writes English at a professional level. How could this be? His vocabulary is fine, just the word ordering is weird sometimes when he ...
4
votes
2answers
52 views

Why does autism sometimes impede the ability to produce speech?

My seventeen year old brother is severely autistic and unable to communicate. He can produce sounds, and imitate words, but he doesn't respond to words in a way that suggests he understands them. His ...
4
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0answers
48 views

Age of learning versus relative mastery - are they linked?

Infants learn different things in different ages. Let's say infant A learns to speak at age 1 (I have no idea what is normal), and infant B learn to speak at age 1.5. Does the age of learning say ...
3
votes
1answer
101 views

Using CBT for a justified fear?

I am a speech language pathologist. I have a 19 year old patient who grew up with a number of different speech impediments (not a stutter). He was bullied a lot, and because of this he is very ...
4
votes
1answer
57 views

Is there a difference between the time/effort it takes for the blind and the sighted to learn to read Braille?

The visually deprived brain undergoes extensive remodeling due to cross-modal plasticity. This leads to increased areas of the cortex being available for other purposes such as tactile processing. Now ...
0
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1answer
125 views

Do bilingual children learn two languages faster than monolingual children learn one language?

Do children from bilingual families learn two languages faster than children from monolingual families learn one language? In other words, I'm wondering if there's a language learning advantage to ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

How can I embed language proficiency assessment within an unrelated experiment design?

I'm in the process of designing a self-paced-reading & a grammaticality-judgment-task experiment, which should be performed by second language learners. It is crucial to the study is how the ...
2
votes
2answers
192 views

Can a self-paced-reading & grammaticality judgment task be programmed in PsychPy or Open Sesame?

I want to know if it is possible to design an experiment on PsychoPy or Open Sesame in which the subject does a self-paced reading (with measuring the reading times for each word), and then after ...
5
votes
0answers
2k views

Body Language: Why do we give each other the grumpy/frowning fake smile?

I've recently become aware of this - I kinda knew I was always doing it, but just now it got me self conscious and thinking about it: When crossing paths with a stranger, you are supposed to be ...
2
votes
2answers
796 views

Is it better to say “Don't forget” or “Remember” in written encouragement?

This is more of a subtlety and goes beyond general English Language & Usage and is more about the cognitive process surrounding the use of language. It seems like I heard once that, while it is ...
2
votes
0answers
91 views

Learning vocabulary: Is it better to learn the word through translations?

Suppose that you have a student that is bilingual. Take for example that the student speaks Chinese and English. Suppose that said student is very fluent in Chinese, but not so fluent in English. ...
5
votes
1answer
84 views

Technical term for the loss of words in your mother-tongue when speaking a different language

I am basically looking for two words which are, though, related to some degree. It might even be that ultimately the same word is the answer to both parts of this question. I split them up into two ...
8
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2answers
238 views

Can the daily use of two or more languages impact cognitive capacity?

I've read the following threads: Is it possible to think in a second language? Does language and/or culture affect an individual's cognitive capacity? is it possible to think without language? ...
5
votes
1answer
232 views

How would self awareness be limited without languages

Is it possible to posses a self awareness without having any sort of language at hand, not even a personal sign system. How would such an languageless experience be like? I am not sure if this can be ...