For questions involving psychological changes taking place during the lifespan of an individual, not just during infancy or childhood, and using multiple approaches.

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2
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0answers
45 views

Is a newborn incapable of attributing to her own existence some basic value? [closed]

I quote from the publication "After-birth abortion: why should the baby live?" (Giubilini & Minerva, 2013): We take ‘person’ to mean an individual who is capable of attributing to her own ...
6
votes
2answers
352 views

How is age related change in IQ measured if tests use age specific norms?

In a comment to this question about age related IQ decline in professors and scientists, the following comment was left: I noticed that lot of IQ tests (RPM or California) have different norms ...
2
votes
1answer
152 views

The Dark Triad Abnormal Development or Base Human Nature?

I propose the concept, that human beings, as animals have the same instincts as other animals. Even though we are social animals, we still have the basic nature of fight and flight and we teach ...
3
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0answers
34 views

Aetiology of Fear of Success

The Jonah Complex is the fear of success which prevents self-actualization, or the realization of one's potential. It is the fear of one's own greatness, the evasion of one's destiny, or the ...
3
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0answers
48 views

Available Therapy for Damaged Object Constancy

Margaret Mahler's theories of child development include the notion of Object Constancy. This is believed to develop under the age of two, hence prior to laying down long term memory. Given the, ...
7
votes
1answer
116 views

Philosophy Meets Neuroscience: The Molyneux's Problem

Consider the Molyneux's problem "If a man born blind can feel the differences between shapes such as spheres and cubes, could he similarly distinguish those objects by sight if given the ability ...
5
votes
2answers
138 views

Is the concept of conservation fundamental to understanding fairness and capacity in “love”?

I heard this comment on a radio program about Child parenting by psychologists: "A child will not comprehend an explanation that, a parent loves each sibling equally, as they do not have abstract ...
4
votes
1answer
48 views

Are imprinting and computer literacy connected?

I've recently became aware of the phenomenon of imprinting, in which baby animals start to associate with the first moving object with eyes that they see during a critical period of their infancy. ...
12
votes
1answer
286 views

What effect do random visitors have on children in orphanages and people in old age homes?

Leading a volunteering team, I've been to an orphanage where the sister (who did a psychology course) running the orphanage was strict that volunteers should spend a minimum of 3 months teaching the ...
7
votes
1answer
109 views

What research has been done on attachment types in other primates?

The most canonical experimental paradigm for studying human attachment styles is the Strange Situation leading to classifications such as Secure, Insecure-avoidant, and so on. What are the equivalent ...
4
votes
2answers
170 views

What is the name of the cognitive bias where an expert overestimates the knowledge of others?

I'm looking for a name of a cognitive bias that describes the following phenomenon: A person has been exposed to some area of expertise from a very early age (think 7-10), and for an extended period ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

What was the experiment where you pour liquid from a tall container to a short one and ask a child which has more?

From Developmental psychology 101 I remember an experiment where the person conducting the experiment would pour liquid from a tall, narrow container into a short, narrow container and ask a child if ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the effect of scolding kids

Is there any harmful effect of scolding kids. Also does that affect more to kids who are 1 year old or to those who are much older like 5 years and so. By the term scolding I mean: Shouting, ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

How are activities involving toy blocks linked the development of intelligence in children?

I'm looking for a peer reviewed article that links the development of intelligence to any form of block building activities. For example a child playing with wooden blocks can improve their ...
6
votes
1answer
419 views

Does breastfeeding lead to increased intelligence?

Several studies suggest that breast-fed babies become more intelligent children than formula-fed babies (e.g., Lucas et al 1992). Questions To what extent overall does research support the ...
6
votes
1answer
249 views

Do children follow parents' phobias genetically or by learning?

Children's personalities come from two sources: Parents' genes and the environment. Is there any research showing adults acquiring phobias as a result of being exposed to parents with the same ...
10
votes
1answer
447 views

Why do humans like being touched?

I wonder why people like to be touched so much, why would it make sense from a evolutionary perspective. I know people enjoy hugs and company of opposite sex but even people from the same sex hug and ...
3
votes
1answer
274 views

Free online survey and diary software for conducting experience sampling studies

Are there any open source online survey software that enable researchers to use experience-sampling methods, e.g. online diaries (where people answer similar survey questions repeatedly and are ...
2
votes
1answer
211 views

What are some examples of emergent abilities?

By emergent ability I mean this: suppose that competently performing ability Z is contingent on, and only on, having skill X and skill Y developed to a certain level (that is, ability Z is a ...
5
votes
0answers
87 views

How to teach parents to apply early childhood interventions to improve cognitive outcomes in children?

I've watched the "My Brilliant Brain: Born Genius" documentary where they refer to the Abecedarian Project, in that investigation, a group of children that were exposed to early childhood education ...
5
votes
1answer
128 views

Can Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD) present symptoms from very particular stimuli?

Sensory processing disorder can cause over or under reactions to sensory input, like loud sound. Can those afflicted with this disorder be okay from a particular sound played at a particular volume ...
5
votes
1answer
313 views

Why do people regret actions they didn't take when looking back on their lives?

Is it true that individuals often regret recent actions (i.e., last few months) but when they look back on their lives, they tend to regret things that they have not done (or lack of actions) ? If ...
22
votes
2answers
1k views

Neural networks with biologically plausible accounts of neurogenesis

One of the reasons artificial neural net algorithms like cascade correlation (pdf) have been generating interest is because they start with a minimal topology (just input and output unit) and recruit ...
12
votes
1answer
241 views

Computational models of early learning in children

What are currently used biologically plausible computational models/frameworks of early learning in children? Personally, I have used cascade correlation neural nets to model pronoun acquisition ...
9
votes
1answer
255 views

How does neural spiking begin in the fetus?

I'm interested in modeling human brain spiking activity. How does the very first spiking activity begin in the fetus? I imagine all spiking activity is initiated by the senses and internal ...
8
votes
1answer
114 views

What is the role of traveling waves in circuit formation during cortical development?

Propagating waves of activity have been characterized in various regions of the brain such as the visual cortex (Nauhaus et al., 2012). Recently they have been reported for the first time to occur ...
11
votes
1answer
456 views

To what extent are correlations of father's age with birth defects and autism causal?

I read the following in the paper today: Dr Karin Hammarberg ... said that while most children are born healthy, large studies of parental age were starting to show higher rates of birth ...
15
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0answers
195 views

Development of social cognition as an alternative to the obstetrical dilemma

Human infants are strange in that they are born more helpless than the infants of other great apes. They are born with about 25-30% of their brain developed, compared to the 40-50% of other great ...
4
votes
0answers
88 views

Technical model of how babies and young children learn suited to a parent with an engineering background?

Background: I'm looking forward to be a father come fall. My son will have Downs Syndrome, so there are a lot of early interventions we have to think about to support our son - logopedics, ...
3
votes
1answer
163 views

How much information on the “Identical Strangers” experiment was actually released?

I am in the process of researching the Nature vs. Nurture debate. While I was searching for articles on it, I discovered something known as the "Identical Strangers" experiment (that probably was ...
10
votes
1answer
178 views

Are some methods of teaching reading “bad”?

I have a young daughter who I am teaching to read, and I was given a "Your Baby Can Read" DVD set by a friend. When discussing it with friends, several of my teacher friends frowned upon the use of ...
5
votes
1answer
98 views

How to test effectiveness of a children's museum in improving cognitive function?

For those who have never heard of a Children's Museum before, there is a national association in the US with some information. The basic idea stems from Vygotsky-like paradigms of learning through ...
4
votes
1answer
118 views

What neurobiological changes are associated with the end of the critical period in children?

Developing children are in a critical period during which they are much better at learning certain tasks like speaking a language. After the critical period ends, children have a qualitatively more ...
9
votes
0answers
114 views

Where does the distinction between motives and goals lie in activity theory?

Activity has an hierarchical structure, and can be analyzed at different levels: activities, actions and operations. (Leontiev 1974) (source: interaction-design.org) The top level is activity ...
6
votes
1answer
128 views

Introductory resources on developmental psychology/neuroscience

I'd like to be able to answer questions such as: What neuro/psychological functions underly competences such as empathy (or others - see background below)? What neurotransmitters are of particular ...
4
votes
1answer
105 views

Do fetuses exhibit pattern recognition in utero?

I've heard that fetuses exhibit "likes", such as preferring sweeter amniotic fluid or the sound of their mother's voice. To show preference for specific voices as opposed to inborn stimuli like sweet, ...
14
votes
1answer
884 views

How is a young child able to learn language so easily?

It's a well known fact that the earlier children are exposed to languages the better, as young children have a better ability to learn new languages than adults. Why is this? At what age does a ...
5
votes
1answer
630 views

Is the decline of fluid IQ with age less severe for professors and scientists than it is for other people?

This article in Time magazine suggests that engaging in challenging mental tasks may be associated with lower rates of mental decline in older adults. The article states that: In one study, ...
15
votes
3answers
999 views

Why does neuroplasticity decrease in adults?

Although adult brains are malleable and even undergo limited neuorgenesis, the extent of the neuroplasticiy is much lower than in children. This is most obvious in language acquisition, and recovery ...
3
votes
1answer
849 views

How does raw IQ change over the lifespan at the group-level?

In the classic review of intelligence research (Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns), Neisser et al (1996) write the following Stability. Intelligence test scores are fairly stable during ...
6
votes
1answer
599 views

What are the main causes of whether a person becomes introverted or extraverted?

Genetics is obviously an important cause of whether someone becomes extraverted or introverted. But what percentage is genetics and what percentage is the environment? What factors in the environment ...
8
votes
1answer
366 views

Do children show top-down processing as much as adults do?

There has been much research into how top-down processing works, such as the suggestibility of patients to mishear lyrics based on what the patients are told they are. Is there any research to show ...