For questions regarding the cognitive processes which result in the selection of a course of action among several alternative scenarios.

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7
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2answers
154 views

What processes underlies confidence ratings in cognitive decision-making?

Many experiments in cognitive psychology and other domains ask for confidence ratings (e.g., on a 0-100 scale, 100 meaning "I'm sure I experienced this stimulus"). What accounts describe how these ...
14
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the term for when too many choices results in inability to decide?

A common problem is that when offered too many choices, consumers give up and make no choice. Too many options results in no sale where fewer options might have resulted in more sales. It's like the ...
3
votes
1answer
53 views

Do ALL decisions arouse cognitive dissonance?

I continue to see an oversimplification in the descriptions of the options available that arouse cognitive dissonance: some websites state that all decisions have positive and negative aspects that ...
3
votes
1answer
47 views

How to explain utility function from personality, beliefs and ongoing emotions?

Economists widely use utility function (and more broader approach called hedonistic regression) but are there explanations or derivations of utility function from the perspective of cognitive sciences ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Books about trust

Could you recommend me some books that cover trust and how it is developed, what helps us build trust and why we might or might not need it. I am not interested in the relationship self-help books ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Caller's dilemma [closed]

A close friend, who is going through a mentally rough and disturbed period, just called me, and it made me come up with a question. You call a close friend and someone picks up; but you're not sure ...
0
votes
2answers
137 views

Subliminal Persuasion: best chances of success

A lot of people are skeptic about the impact of subliminal messages. Good research and experiments on this topic are hard to find. Therefore, I want to execute an experiment on this topic. To do ...
0
votes
2answers
47 views

are statistic results of these two questions equal?

I am trying to make better user experience for my poll application and one of ideas I have for this is breaking multi choices poll to binary polls. Is statistical result of a question with these 4 ...
17
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the term for human beings' tendency to obey without thinking?

I'm wanting to read more about a certain human behavior, but I am not sure what the proper term for it is, so some of the things I am finding aren't what I am looking for. I'm interested in how Humans ...
1
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0answers
27 views

What personality factors are related to an inability to urinate at a mensroom urinal?

I noticed sometimes I couldn't pee in to pissoir when someone is nearby but sometimes I could. Additionally some of my friends can comfortably pee at any condition while others can't. So I was ...
0
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2answers
36 views

Anonymity creates an environment full of bullies?

The Stack Exchange websites has people anonymously up vote or down vote whether questions and answers are good or bad and everyone builds their reputation based on this alone. I saw a question on the ...
0
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0answers
28 views

Learning, decision-making and thought presentation

Could you recommend books or articles about learning and decision-making in the light of thought presentation? Maybe also about artificial intelligence and computation-modeling, because I'm very ...
3
votes
1answer
34 views

Difference vs. Ratio of evidence in sequential sampling models

In sequential sampling models - for instance Ratcliff and Smith, (2006) - participants' responses in a binary choice experiment are modelled by a particle, which moves up or down towards the ...
5
votes
1answer
90 views

Does limiting one's trivial decisions free more energy for bigger decisions?

I've read a number of times that "successful" people limit the number of trivial decisions they make on a day-to-day basis in order to have more energy for bigger decisions. A common example cited ...
10
votes
1answer
218 views

What are the negative effects of meditation?

I see lots of articles touting the benefits of meditation. But what are the bad things about it? Maybe if a person has to make quick decisions, meditation would not be a good thing? This could be ...
1
vote
0answers
11 views

How to make a comparative analysis between the decision-making robots and human? [closed]

I have the challenge of finding a way to model, develop, validate and implement an artificial cognitive architecture for mobile robots for industrial environment. In my present scope of the questions ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

How to avoid laziness? [closed]

I'm a computer programmer, I was in very critical stage of laziness. I having some family problems in my childhood, I was also very bad in my studies even i think that "I need to study well and get ...
5
votes
1answer
44 views

Research that shows that people infer causation from correlation

It is well known and frquently quoted that "correlation does not imply causation". Nonetheless, I've scoured the wikipedia article "Correlation does not imply causation" and the relevant keywords in ...
1
vote
2answers
80 views

Can humans really successfully multitask? [duplicate]

It seems to be a quality parents want to instill in their children, as well as i.e.- teenagers bragging about having music playing, texting, video chatting, all while doing homework, they claim is the ...
8
votes
2answers
602 views

Is Decision-Making Emotionally Based, with Rationalization as the only Conscious Component?

My interest is in how problem-solving decisions are made, and what, if any skills could be taught to increase people's ability to make effective decisions? Effective, in this case, means that an ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Can having multiple personalities help productivity and decision making under pressure? [closed]

I understand having Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) is not good thing but what about a mild dosage of DID under control, can it help? I am not referring to different roles that same person can ...
5
votes
1answer
114 views

What are the underlying mechanisms for optimism bias?

I have asked a question before about how does smoker's decision react to new personal health information. Link here. How do people estimate smoking's impact on their mortality? Now I have a ...
10
votes
2answers
143 views

Who first used the term 'heuristic' in a cognitive science context?

I seem to recall that Herbert Simon borrowed the term from computer science, but I cannot remember the initial paper in which he made use of this borrowing. A google scholar search reveals some ...
4
votes
1answer
51 views

Can we explain the tendency of investors dollar cost averaging in terms of loss aversion?

For those unfamiliar with the term Dollar cost averaging (DCA) is an investment strategy for reducing the impact of volatility on large purchases of financial assets such as equities. By ...
10
votes
1answer
360 views

Thinking, Fast and Slow vs. Mindfulness vs. Flow

I've been wondering how dual-process theory, which is described in Daniel Kahneman's book "Thinking, Fast and Slow", relates to mindfulness and the state of being in the present moment and the flow ...
10
votes
2answers
542 views

What are the characteristics that make complex problem solving complex?

In real-world problem-solving tasks that many people call "complex" (like flying a jet, programming, fixing a car, fighting a fire - the type investigated by the naturalistic decision making ...
5
votes
1answer
159 views

Is decision making/theory/analysis applicable to game design?

I've done research over the last year in game design by reading some of the most well-known books in the field. Making interesting decisions is one of the fundamental elements of fun in games. I'm ...
4
votes
0answers
28 views

How to reconcile contrast model (of similarity judgment) with anchor-and-adjust?

Hastie & Dawes (2009) claims that humans judge whether an instance belongs to a class using the contrast model, where "we perceive similarity by making (very rapid) comparisons of the attributes ...
4
votes
0answers
31 views

Has anyone ever conducted a psychological experiment to test whether an arbitrator appointed by one party tends to judge in favour of that party?

I am interested in the case where the arbitrator has been unilaterally appointed by one of the parties in a conflict. Assume that economic rewards are not involved. I am only interested in knowing if ...
1
vote
0answers
87 views

What drives users to play Reddit's “The Button” game?

There's this amazing social experiment going on Reddit - the Button as of April 1 2015. Here's an example of a website that tracks statistics of the experiment: http://button.mtsanderson.com/ Reddit ...
4
votes
0answers
30 views

Why can't subjective utilities take probabilities into account?

If my understanding of expected utility theory is correct, it is rational for a decision maker to have subjective utilities for objective consequences. For example, it can be rational for a ...
3
votes
0answers
29 views

Studies on games where optimal play involves losing for counterfactual gain

Apologies for not knowing the nomenclature; I'll try to describe what I mean. The optimal strategies for some imperfect information games involve purposefully doing badly in some cases, so that ...
4
votes
1answer
142 views

Is being less emotional a bad thing for motivation?

We know that emotions increase motivation. The stronger feelings, the more motivated we get to do something about it. We know that humans differ a lot in how emotional we are. In theory that should ...
3
votes
1answer
45 views

Conditioning/training value of objects in experiment

In visual attention and decision making, how do experiments teach participants the value of specific objects (high vs low vs none)? Does anyone know of studies that done this which go into ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

Is there a name for the psychology behind lowering your bets?

I'm having a hard time phrasing my question into words, so I'll provide an example: Imagine you ask someone how much it'll take to eat a worm. The person says they would eat a worm for \$20. Instead ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

What clustering algorithms are most similar to how humans cluster data? [closed]

Clustering algorithms group unlabelled data, such as in the following example: Which clustering algorithms are similar to how humans do clustering? (e.g. Connectivity based clustering (hierarchical ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

Consistency Theory - Why do we go back on promises

I'm fairly new to the field of social psychology so forgive me if this sounds like a naive question. I just read about the consistency principle - "Once we make a choice or take a stand, we will ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

Any research on a concept of 'empathetic preferences' used in economics?

Some economists/political scientists/philosophers (it's sometimes hard to classify them) have used in their theories a concept of "empathetic preferences", also known as "extended sympathy ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

What is the psychological cause and meaning of “common sense”?

To what extent is common sense innate versus influenced by interactions with others? If someone has grown up with minimal interaction with other people, would their common sense be different?
5
votes
1answer
93 views

List of experiments contradicting the expected utility model

I proposed this question as an example question for the Area51 proposal "Mathematical modeling". User Artem Kaznatcheev suggested that it be asked here too, which I thought was a good idea. So I am ...
3
votes
2answers
74 views

What is the fear/paralysis that occurs before doing an irreversible action?

I often experience paralysis in the face of an irreversible decision or action. What is the term for this or what is it that I'm looking for to describe it and/or research it? Some examples of this ...
18
votes
2answers
1k views

What are popular rationalist responses to Tversky & Shafir?

In the early 90s Tversky & Shafir observed several violations of rationality in human participants, in particular violation of the disjunction effect and sure-thing principle. This has lead to ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Why do children sometimes not do what they are told, even though their environment supports them fully to do so?

I see many children that do (at times) not listen to their parents, or even do the complete opposite of what other people want them to do. That while the social environment supports them (with ...
2
votes
0answers
15 views

Are there validated measures to perception of decision making process alignment?

I want to test an idea about how the perception of decision making process alignment with another party influences the tendency to accept information from that party. For example, if my wife and I ...
2
votes
0answers
56 views

triggered state of obedience

I wanted to know whether there are known cases of people who unwillingly enter a state of obedience due to specific external triggers. Is this considered normal, and if not, are there known ...
11
votes
1answer
156 views

Bias towards purchasing tangible vs virtual goods

People may have very little hesitation in spending $3 on a coffee once a week, but when it comes to buying things online, such as virtual goods or services, they are often much more reluctant. Is ...
4
votes
0answers
274 views

Need a definition of Cognitive Simplicity (or Complexity) that would appeal to a wide audience

Everyone in my organization wants to make our products & website as simple as possible for our customers. My concern is that "simple" means different things to different people. I'm looking for a ...
9
votes
3answers
412 views

Why do people feel the need to make changes to a solution presented by another person?

There is an interesting phenomenon I have come across several times when working with groups, and that is the need some people have to make changes to a solution that someone else created. The ...
4
votes
1answer
210 views

Why is Mr. Monk unsure?

One of the funniest and most psychologically intriguing characters on TV (in my opinion) is Adrian Monk. If you don't know who he is, I highly recommend watching the TV show. It's called "Monk" ...
4
votes
1answer
177 views

Are people more likely to pick the odd one out?

I was wondering if there has been any research to suggest that when given a list of options to choose from, people are more likely to pick an option if it looks different to the other options? My ...