For questions regarding the cognitive processes which result in the selection of a course of action among several alternative scenarios.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

4
votes
0answers
33 views

Do laypeople think lifestyle changes are effective at preventing and treating disease?

I'm curious about how laypeople think about healthy lifestyle changes (like eating well, not smoking, exercising) that are scientifically known to help prevent and treat a number of diseases. People ...
4
votes
0answers
27 views

Does a baby go for the most hard-to-get out of two presented objects?

While writing an essay I'm searching for some reliable source for the following experiment: A baby is placed in front of two identical fruits, one which is covered with a transparent box. I think ...
4
votes
0answers
176 views

Test-retest reliability of Iowa gambling task performance and Expectancy Valence Model parameters

I've just been learning about the Expectancy Valence Model of the Iowa Gambling Task (see Busemeyer & Stout, 2002; Yechiam et al 2005). The model includes three parameters: motivation, ...
3
votes
2answers
214 views

Why do some people seem to disregard the choice of doing nothing (The Zero Choice)?

In many areas of life we have a choice between multiple options: if we are hungry and we want to go out to eat, we have a number of places to choose from (McDonalds, etc). However, we also still have ...
3
votes
3answers
291 views

Why do drivers not slow down when they see signs indicating road work?

I found the following anecdote on Quora Many years ago, I worked for a gas & electric power company, and had been a member of a crew installing a road-side gas main. Despite the signs, ...
3
votes
1answer
51 views

What are “linear spatial weightings” and “specific temporal windows” in Philiastides & Sajda (2006)?

I am undergraduate student in mathematics and a complete beginner in the field of neuroscience. I recently started a project in Mathematical biology which brought me to the above mentioned paper. I ...
3
votes
1answer
37 views

Conditioning/training value of objects in experiment

In visual attention and decision making, how do experiments teach participants the value of specific objects (high vs low vs none)? Does anyone know of studies that done this which go into ...
3
votes
2answers
57 views

What is the fear/paralysis that occurs before doing an irreversible action?

I often experience paralysis in the face of an irreversible decision or action. What is the term for this or what is it that I'm looking for to describe it and/or research it? Some examples of this ...
3
votes
0answers
28 views

Studies on games where optimal play involves losing for counterfactual gain

Apologies for not knowing the nomenclature; I'll try to describe what I mean. The optimal strategies for some imperfect information games involve purposefully doing badly in some cases, so that ...
2
votes
1answer
208 views

Which branch of psychology deals with decision making under stress?

Our decisions are usually based on a system of perspectives, which in turn are based on one's own set of values. However there are traumatizing situations where this system of perspectives is turned ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

What is the psychological cause and meaning of “common sense”?

To what extent is common sense innate versus influenced by interactions with others? If someone has grown up with minimal interaction with other people, would their common sense be different?
2
votes
2answers
166 views

Why do soldiers seldom “fight to the death” even if they are going to be killed anyway?

At the siege of Masada, a group of heavily outnumbered Jewish soldiers elected to commit suicide en masse, rather than to be captured by the besieging Romans, who would probably have committed them to ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Is there a name for the psychology behind lowering your bets?

I'm having a hard time phrasing my question into words, so I'll provide an example: Imagine you ask someone how much it'll take to eat a worm. The person says they would eat a worm for \$20. Instead ...
2
votes
1answer
152 views

Effect of time limits on problem solving

I recently took part in psychological testing as part of a recruitment process to a job. I was not happy about the evaluation I got and I asked for a feedback discussion with the psychologist. The ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

Consistency Theory - Why do we go back on promises

I'm fairly new to the field of social psychology so forgive me if this sounds like a naive question. I just read about the consistency principle - "Once we make a choice or take a stand, we will ...
2
votes
0answers
24 views

Any research on a concept of 'empathetic preferences' used in economics?

Some economists/political scientists/philosophers (it's sometimes hard to classify them) have used in their theories a concept of "empathetic preferences", also known as "extended sympathy ...
2
votes
0answers
15 views

Are there validated measures to perception of decision making process alignment?

I want to test an idea about how the perception of decision making process alignment with another party influences the tendency to accept information from that party. For example, if my wife and I ...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

triggered state of obedience

I wanted to know whether there are known cases of people who unwillingly enter a state of obedience due to specific external triggers. Is this considered normal, and if not, are there known ...
2
votes
0answers
19 views

Is it harder to perform a difficult act or avoid doing a compelling act? [closed]

Suppose what we have a set of choices $S$. Also suppose that $S$ consists of two "difficult" choices $X$ and $Y$ that rely on action and inaction respectively. So $S = \{X, Y \}$. Is it more difficult ...
2
votes
0answers
116 views

Kelly Criterion Observed to Be Adhered by Psychopaths?

As this study shows, psychopaths are much more willing to take advantage of expected gains despite recent losses as opposed to normal people who frequently stop after a series of losses. Has there ...
1
vote
2answers
51 views

Can humans really successfully multitask? [duplicate]

It seems to be a quality parents want to instill in their children, as well as i.e.- teenagers bragging about having music playing, texting, video chatting, all while doing homework, they claim is the ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Can having multiple personalities help productivity and decision making under pressure? [closed]

I understand having Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) is not good thing but what about a mild dosage of DID under control, can it help? I am not referring to different roles that same person can ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

What drives users to play Reddit's “The Button” game?

There's this amazing social experiment going on Reddit - the Button as of April 1 2015. Here's an example of a website that tracks statistics of the experiment: http://button.mtsanderson.com/ Reddit ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

What clustering algorithms are most similar to how humans cluster data? [closed]

Clustering algorithms group unlabelled data, such as in the following example: Which clustering algorithms are similar to how humans do clustering? (e.g. Connectivity based clustering (hierarchical ...
1
vote
0answers
143 views

What is a neurometric function? [closed]

Is the output of neurometric function the output of the pattern classifier i.e is it calculated from processing the imaging data of brain as a prediction of what choice was made through psychometric ...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

Is being less emotional a bad thing for motivation?

We know that emotions increase motivation. The stronger feelings, the more motivated we get to do something about it. We know that humans differ a lot in how emotional we are. In theory that should ...
0
votes
1answer
294 views

The psychology of patriotism, dying for one's own country [closed]

There was an old Latin motto, "Dulce et decorum est, pro partria morii," which roughly translates into: "It is a sweet and beautiful thing to die for one's country." I used to think that this was a ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Why do children sometimes not do what they are told, even though their environment supports them fully to do so?

I see many children that do (at times) not listen to their parents, or even do the complete opposite of what other people want them to do. That while the social environment supports them (with ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

How to avoid laziness? [on hold]

I'm a computer programmer, I was in very critical stage of laziness. I having some family problems in my childhood, I was also very bad in my studies even i think that "I need to study well and get ...