For questions regarding the cognitive processes which result in the selection of a course of action among several alternative scenarios.

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What personality factors are related to an inability to urinate at a mensroom urinal?

I noticed sometimes I couldn't pee in to pissoir when someone is nearby but sometimes I could. Additionally some of my friends can comfortably pee at any condition while others can't. So I was ...
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2answers
31 views

Anonymity creates an environment full of bullies?

The Stack Exchange websites has people anonymously up vote or down vote whether questions and answers are good or bad and everyone builds their reputation based on this alone. I saw a question on the ...
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23 views

Learning, decision-making and thought presentation

Could you recommend books or articles about learning and decision-making in the light of thought presentation? Maybe also about artificial intelligence and computation-modeling, because I'm very ...
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1answer
36 views

Books about trust

Could you recommend me some books that cover trust and how it is developed, what helps us build trust and why we might or might not need it. I am not interested in the relationship self-help books ...
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1answer
33 views

Difference vs. Ratio of evidence in sequential sampling models

In sequential sampling models - for instance Ratcliff and Smith, (2006) - participants' responses in a binary choice experiment are modelled by a particle, which moves up or down towards the ...
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1answer
83 views

Does limiting one's trivial decisions free more energy for bigger decisions?

I've read a number of times that "successful" people limit the number of trivial decisions they make on a day-to-day basis in order to have more energy for bigger decisions. A common example cited ...
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11 views

How to make a comparative analysis between the decision-making robots and human? [closed]

I have the challenge of finding a way to model, develop, validate and implement an artificial cognitive architecture for mobile robots for industrial environment. In my present scope of the questions ...
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1answer
44 views

How to avoid laziness? [closed]

I'm a computer programmer, I was in very critical stage of laziness. I having some family problems in my childhood, I was also very bad in my studies even i think that "I need to study well and get ...
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1answer
41 views

Research that shows that people infer causation from correlation

It is well known and frquently quoted that "correlation does not imply causation". Nonetheless, I've scoured the wikipedia article "Correlation does not imply causation" and the relevant keywords in ...
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2answers
72 views

Can humans really successfully multitask? [duplicate]

It seems to be a quality parents want to instill in their children, as well as i.e.- teenagers bragging about having music playing, texting, video chatting, all while doing homework, they claim is the ...
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0answers
47 views

Can having multiple personalities help productivity and decision making under pressure? [closed]

I understand having Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) is not good thing but what about a mild dosage of DID under control, can it help? I am not referring to different roles that same person can ...
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1answer
275 views

Thinking, Fast and Slow vs. Mindfulness vs. Flow

I've been wondering how dual-process theory, which is described in Daniel Kahneman's book "Thinking, Fast and Slow", relates to mindfulness and the state of being in the present moment and the flow ...
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27 views

How to reconcile contrast model (of similarity judgment) with anchor-and-adjust?

Hastie & Dawes (2009) claims that humans judge whether an instance belongs to a class using the contrast model, where "we perceive similarity by making (very rapid) comparisons of the attributes ...
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30 views

Has anyone ever conducted a psychological experiment to test whether an arbitrator appointed by one party tends to judge in favour of that party?

I am interested in the case where the arbitrator has been unilaterally appointed by one of the parties in a conflict. Assume that economic rewards are not involved. I am only interested in knowing if ...
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0answers
81 views

What drives users to play Reddit's “The Button” game?

There's this amazing social experiment going on Reddit - the Button as of April 1 2015. Here's an example of a website that tracks statistics of the experiment: http://button.mtsanderson.com/ Reddit ...
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29 views

Why can't subjective utilities take probabilities into account?

If my understanding of expected utility theory is correct, it is rational for a decision maker to have subjective utilities for objective consequences. For example, it can be rational for a ...
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29 views

Studies on games where optimal play involves losing for counterfactual gain

Apologies for not knowing the nomenclature; I'll try to describe what I mean. The optimal strategies for some imperfect information games involve purposefully doing badly in some cases, so that ...
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1answer
52 views

Is there a name for the psychology behind lowering your bets?

I'm having a hard time phrasing my question into words, so I'll provide an example: Imagine you ask someone how much it'll take to eat a worm. The person says they would eat a worm for \$20. Instead ...
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38 views

What clustering algorithms are most similar to how humans cluster data? [closed]

Clustering algorithms group unlabelled data, such as in the following example: Which clustering algorithms are similar to how humans do clustering? (e.g. Connectivity based clustering (hierarchical ...
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1answer
45 views

Conditioning/training value of objects in experiment

In visual attention and decision making, how do experiments teach participants the value of specific objects (high vs low vs none)? Does anyone know of studies that done this which go into ...
4
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1answer
128 views

Is being less emotional a bad thing for motivation?

We know that emotions increase motivation. The stronger feelings, the more motivated we get to do something about it. We know that humans differ a lot in how emotional we are. In theory that should ...
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1answer
74 views

Consistency Theory - Why do we go back on promises

I'm fairly new to the field of social psychology so forgive me if this sounds like a naive question. I just read about the consistency principle - "Once we make a choice or take a stand, we will ...
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0answers
32 views

Any research on a concept of 'empathetic preferences' used in economics?

Some economists/political scientists/philosophers (it's sometimes hard to classify them) have used in their theories a concept of "empathetic preferences", also known as "extended sympathy ...
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2answers
70 views

What is the fear/paralysis that occurs before doing an irreversible action?

I often experience paralysis in the face of an irreversible decision or action. What is the term for this or what is it that I'm looking for to describe it and/or research it? Some examples of this ...
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1answer
107 views

What are the underlying mechanisms for optimism bias?

I have asked a question before about how does smoker's decision react to new personal health information. Link here. How do people estimate smoking's impact on their mortality? Now I have a ...
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1answer
57 views

Why do children sometimes not do what they are told, even though their environment supports them fully to do so?

I see many children that do (at times) not listen to their parents, or even do the complete opposite of what other people want them to do. That while the social environment supports them (with ...
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0answers
15 views

Are there validated measures to perception of decision making process alignment?

I want to test an idea about how the perception of decision making process alignment with another party influences the tendency to accept information from that party. For example, if my wife and I ...
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0answers
55 views

triggered state of obedience

I wanted to know whether there are known cases of people who unwillingly enter a state of obedience due to specific external triggers. Is this considered normal, and if not, are there known ...
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1answer
88 views

List of experiments contradicting the expected utility model

I proposed this question as an example question for the Area51 proposal "Mathematical modeling". User Artem Kaznatcheev suggested that it be asked here too, which I thought was a good idea. So I am ...
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220 views

Need a definition of Cognitive Simplicity (or Complexity) that would appeal to a wide audience

Everyone in my organization wants to make our products & website as simple as possible for our customers. My concern is that "simple" means different things to different people. I'm looking for a ...
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1answer
50 views

Can we explain the tendency of investors dollar cost averaging in terms of loss aversion?

For those unfamiliar with the term Dollar cost averaging (DCA) is an investment strategy for reducing the impact of volatility on large purchases of financial assets such as equities. By ...
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1answer
200 views

Why is Mr. Monk unsure?

One of the funniest and most psychologically intriguing characters on TV (in my opinion) is Adrian Monk. If you don't know who he is, I highly recommend watching the TV show. It's called "Monk" ...
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0answers
161 views

What is a neurometric function? [closed]

Is the output of neurometric function the output of the pattern classifier i.e is it calculated from processing the imaging data of brain as a prediction of what choice was made through psychometric ...
4
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1answer
411 views

What are “Stimulus locked” and “Response locked” in Philiastides & Sajda (2006)

While going through the below-mentioned paper, I came across some plots which were said to be "locked" with reference to either response or stimulus. Does the locking refer to the initiation of the ...
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1answer
54 views

What are “linear spatial weightings” and “specific temporal windows” in Philiastides & Sajda (2006)?

I am undergraduate student in mathematics and a complete beginner in the field of neuroscience. I recently started a project in Mathematical biology which brought me to the above mentioned paper. I ...
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1answer
161 views

Are people more likely to pick the odd one out?

I was wondering if there has been any research to suggest that when given a list of options to choose from, people are more likely to pick an option if it looks different to the other options? My ...
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0answers
34 views

Do laypeople think lifestyle changes are effective at preventing and treating disease?

I'm curious about how laypeople think about healthy lifestyle changes (like eating well, not smoking, exercising) that are scientifically known to help prevent and treat a number of diseases. People ...
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0answers
20 views

Is it harder to perform a difficult act or avoid doing a compelling act? [closed]

Suppose what we have a set of choices $S$. Also suppose that $S$ consists of two "difficult" choices $X$ and $Y$ that rely on action and inaction respectively. So $S = \{X, Y \}$. Is it more difficult ...
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1answer
74 views

What is the psychological cause and meaning of “common sense”?

To what extent is common sense innate versus influenced by interactions with others? If someone has grown up with minimal interaction with other people, would their common sense be different?
2
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1answer
164 views

Effect of time limits on problem solving

I recently took part in psychological testing as part of a recruitment process to a job. I was not happy about the evaluation I got and I asked for a feedback discussion with the psychologist. The ...
4
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1answer
207 views

Sensory dissonance: Will the visual or auditory channel win?

Is there any research showing that our visual channel takes precedence over the auditory channel (or vice versa) if there is some dissonance between them? Examples: Say a person driving a car ...
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1answer
389 views

The psychology of patriotism, dying for one's own country [closed]

There was an old Latin motto, "Dulce et decorum est, pro partria morii," which roughly translates into: "It is a sweet and beautiful thing to die for one's country." I used to think that this was a ...
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2answers
176 views

Why do soldiers seldom “fight to the death” even if they are going to be killed anyway?

At the siege of Masada, a group of heavily outnumbered Jewish soldiers elected to commit suicide en masse, rather than to be captured by the besieging Romans, who would probably have committed them to ...
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0answers
27 views

Does a baby go for the most hard-to-get out of two presented objects?

While writing an essay I'm searching for some reliable source for the following experiment: A baby is placed in front of two identical fruits, one which is covered with a transparent box. I think ...
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2answers
1k views

Why do people press elevator call buttons repeatedly?

Many people, particularly those in a rush, keep on pressing the elevator call button despite the light clearly indicating that it was previously pressed, and the knowledge that such action will have ...
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1answer
193 views

What are the negative effects of meditation?

I see lots of articles touting the benefits of meditation. But what are the bad things about it? Maybe if a person has to make quick decisions, meditation would not be a good thing? This could be ...
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1answer
54 views

What decision problems are better answered with analytic thinking, and what are better answered with intuition?

Most Western philosophy and psychology argue that deliberating carefully and rationally is the right way of reaching a decision. "Don't let emotions turn you" they might say. The splitting of the mind ...
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4answers
166 views

Research on “probabilistic thinking” in non-human animals?

We all seem to have a "probabilistic sense", which manifests itself in certain types of expectations (e.g. even if one has never used a bow to shoot an arrow, one expects that hitting a small target ...
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3answers
305 views

Why prefer “99% fat free” to “1% fat”?

In my experience I tend to find low-fat products labelled as "99% fat free" much more often than the equivalent "1% fat".* Why is this so? To me it seems counter-intuitive, because it reminds me of ...
9
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2answers
262 views

Do people estimate combined probabilities differently to uncombined ones?

Suppose, somebody has to estimate the likelihood of one of the following events (or has to estimate which event is more likely): A coin is tossed six times and each time the result is heads. ...