For questions that have to do with a sense of being awake and aware in the literal sense, but also those having to do with the nature of the mind and the formation of the individual.

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Why do we say that some animals have consciousness and some don't?

For example, I have heard many say that ants don't have consciousness but humans do. I have always thought that our bodies/brain works more like computers (inputs and outputs). An analogy I can give ...
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1answer
32 views

Way to influence readers subconscious to memorize technical data?

I'm writing a technical book. Is there any studies/books on how can I influence the readers subconscious to help them memorize the technical data easier? Preferably ways that do not involve images, ...
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5 views

To which extent our beliefs and needs for knowledge shape our subjective reality?

This question is rather hard to formulate. I'm trying to understand how the mind filters and selects information to custom fit it to expectations/assumptions/hopes/needs for knowledge: To which ...
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1answer
41 views

Is the heart conscious?

I have read that our heart can think like our brain. Of course it doesn't have complete functionality of brain but it has its own consciousness. Is it true?
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23 views

How are action potentials initiated in the absence of stimuli?

I understand that action potentials can be initiated by sensory transduction. However when we simply think, for example when dreaming, with no/little stimuli, how do we initiate action potentials to ...
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1answer
111 views

Threshold time for stimulus to be consciously perceived. Why?

A visual stimulus must last longer than some threshold duration to be perceived consciously. For example, a light dot flashed for a duration of 10ms can't be consciously perceived. Why? What prevents ...
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5answers
468 views

Is it possible for humans to conceive of being dead?

I am reading Stephen Cave's book Immortality, and one of the claims he makes early on is that there is a "mortality paradox." This is the phenomenon that humans know that they will die (based on ...
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0answers
21 views

Can “acceptance” become a Defense Mechanism?

Most of the Defense Mechanisms are unconscious, but for those who know about them and still use then it somehow becomes conscious. They know they are using it, and not do anything about it. For ...
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1answer
129 views

Why do we wake up when we die in our dreams?

A lot of people had some experience with dying in their dreams. They all confirm they remember the whole story until the precise moment of death and it is the death itself what woke them up - not ...
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1answer
43 views

Could brainwaves be the fenomena gives rise to consciousness [closed]

I have speculated for a long time that brain waves could be the "location" of human consciousness or indeed the "soul". My argument for this is the following: They vary with different states of ...
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0answers
84 views

Why do we talk unconsciously while sleeping [closed]

Somniloquy is very fascinating. It is unclear what are the causes, but most of the time it is not seen as a medical condition. "Sleep talking usually occurs by itself and is most often harmless. ...
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2answers
48 views

Color and shape arriving together in visual system

I know that in the visual cortex there are separate visual pathways for both color and shape. Do these separate pathways imply that human beings become consciously aware of these features separately ...
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1answer
56 views

How exactly do “you” think and interact with your body?

It has been established that our brains control many processes that your body carries out autonomously and involuntarily. However, other actions are controlled by you. (e.g. you lift an arm, you ...
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18 views

How can automatic processing be estimated in an editing task?

Is there a way of measuring/estimating the amount of controlled vs. automatic processes that takes place during a text editing task? I know that asking participants to verbalise their actions and ...
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2answers
465 views

Do characters in a dream have their own separate thoughts or identity?

I am very curious as to if any research has been done in this area, or if such a question even can be researched given the current tools and methods available to cognitive scientists. When one dreams, ...
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2answers
151 views

How does subjective experience arise from matter?

Forgive me for lacking rigor, but if what I know is correct, it is established that consciousness and other higher functions characteristic of humans are a consequence of our cortex, specifically ...
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3answers
100 views

Why does even the most rational brain forget logic in a dream?

Scenario 1) Now we all know gravity is real. Yet when we dream that we are flying we forget/or are oblivious to the entire concept of gravity as if you have never experienced gravity. Scenario 2) ...
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1answer
756 views

Subconscious vs Unconscious

From what I know, we use the term 'subconscious' to refer to the things that we can bring into our conscious. and, we use the term 'unconscious' for things that we can't know, they come automatically ...
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0answers
67 views

Why is my mind working against me? [closed]

I have recently read that most of the thoughts in our head are automatically produced by our subconscious mind and that the conscious mind is there to focus on those thoughts or not. I wanted to ...
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0answers
53 views

very weird Split Brain Dual Consciousness experiments references on Wikipedia

I have been reading about the problem of possible dual consciousness in split brain patients and I came across this wikipedia page about: ...
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3answers
293 views

Why do dreams lose clarity quickly over time after we awaken?

Right after you wake up from a dream, you seem to be able to remember most if not all of the details. Then, over time, these details fade and often disappear. Is this a form of regression? Why is ...
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1answer
51 views

How to examine person's awareness of a certain topic?

I am conducting a case study on the topic of refugees and asylum seekers. My particular interest is: How aware is my test subject of the reasons (political persecution, famine, war, ...) why these ...
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1answer
52 views

Consciousness - on/off switch or spectrum? [closed]

When we read the theories of consciousness, they usually state that a thing either has consciousness or does not have consciousness. Is there a reason why consciousness cannot be thought to be a ...
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0answers
41 views

Thinking consciously or unconsciously - Any difference in brain scan?

I've been wondering how a person would be affected if brain activity that is normally done automatically and unconsciously in a normal human being has to be done consciously by him, or vice versa. ...
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2answers
110 views

What is the relationship between the ego, amygdala and consciousness? [closed]

I've been reading a lot about emotional responses lately, and the following points seem to surface in different writings: "Amygdala is a very ancient system, intended to quickly alert a person ...
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1answer
44 views

Parasite that takes over cognitive functions [closed]

I am testing an idea for a book. The backbone of the story is that there exists a parasite that can enter the brain of a creature and take over its cognitive functions. I imagine that it could wire ...
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3answers
120 views

What would explain an intense feeling of being extremely present, for no reason?

What would explain an intense feeling of being extremely present, randomly and for no reason ? The feeling is not tied to any behavior, thought or action. It comes out of nowhere, when doing a usual ...
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1answer
59 views

How close is it to reality in future of consciousness to be transferable as shown in the movie Chappie?

This question was inspired by the most creative thing ever to come up in a movie, namely the transfer of a consciousness from one body to another (may it be biological, or via non-biological methods). ...
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1answer
54 views

How to explain/name the “Feeling gigantic” sensation? [closed]

A bit similar to this question, I did experience, twice, something, that I would qualify of, pretty weird. A feeling of being gigantic, it was very very disconcerting. Like, you look around you and ...
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3answers
84 views

When can we say that machines are conscious?

We have already witnessed complex computing systems winning chess games and IBM Watson beat his human counterparts at a game of 'Jeopardy!'. However, so far we have not seen signs of consciousness ...
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1answer
75 views

Has the inverted spectrum thought experiment ever been conducted (and if not, why)?

The inverted spectrum thought experiment posits that you (the subject) wake up one morning to find that your colour spectrum (or some part of it anyway) has inverted. This experiment has important ...
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0answers
45 views

Is continuous split or meta - awareness a scientifically supported concept?

There are a number of spiritual practices that practice self-awareness and continuous awareness of one's thoughts and actions (for example the teachings of Ekhart Tolle): Tolle writes that "the ...
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3answers
1k views

What are current neuronal explanations and models of 'consciousness'?

I would like to understand more about consciousness from a neuroscientific perspective. I have a limited understanding of it in the philosophical/psychological sense through lectures. Although it is ...
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0answers
44 views

Is there any limitation in our ability to come up with a theory or hypothesis to understand brain? [closed]

We are observing the behaviors (either through behavioral experiments or observing brain activation through neuroscience experiments) based on the GIVEN TASK to the participants and trying to ...
3
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1answer
84 views

Is consciousness a sub product of the brain or is there a duality? [duplicate]

I am trying to understand what consciousness is, based on my basic knowledge of our senses, artificial intelligence (computer vision, specifically) and some philosophy. Here's my reasoning: As far as ...
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3answers
207 views

How much information is lost when conveying an experience or emotion to another person?

Certain languages have words that do not literally translate into any another language. There is already a small loss of information in this sense. Emotions are a personal experience and the ...
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1answer
198 views

The mind as a state of matter or physical system?

What examples of attempts to formalize a principled physical basis for consciousness and/or a general theory of the mind exist? I read a fascinating ArXiV preprint last year called Consciousness as a ...
6
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1answer
79 views

Relationship between oculometry/pupillometry and disorders of consciousness

I recently got to wondering whether certain eye movements or pupillary responses were correlated with disorders of consciousness (coma, VS, MCS, or even locked-in syndrome). I know that the pupillary ...
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2answers
157 views

How does masking work?

Masking occurs when the delay between the target and the mask is less than a threshhold (say 50 milliseconds). If sensory data passes from lower to higher visual cortices/processing regions as in a ...
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1answer
80 views

What is the simplest entity that would be considered “conscious”? [closed]

Generally, we think of humans as having a (relatively) advanced level of consciousness, but we don't think of simple molecules as having any sort of mental capacity at all. So where in between does ...
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2answers
157 views

How does this illusion - that I just inadvertently created - work?

As I was working on a basic chess application for Android, I loaded some chess clip art into my imageviews. Then this happened. Look closely at the top two rows. At first I was startled. My ...
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0answers
40 views

Can the knowledge and the tools we acquire in conscious brain become tools for the unconscious brain?

I am reading this intriguing book titled Consciousness and the Brain, Deciphering how the brain codes our thoughts by Stanislas Dehaene. In one of the chapters he talks about how the brain has natural ...
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1answer
284 views

How are qualia localized in consciousness?

I understand that evolution incorporated arbitrary qualia into the default network to inform consciousness (the largest cranial global processing information subnetwork) about properties and qualities ...
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2answers
75 views

Is the consciousness currently in oneself the same as the consciousness that used to be or in the future will be in oneself?

People seem to believe that one's consciousness is a "different" consciousness than that of others, but the "same" consciousness as the one that has been in one's body in the past and the one that ...
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0answers
24 views

How to Focus on One thing at a time? [duplicate]

My Mind is always filled with useless some many thoughts at a single moment, that i feel hard to focus , concentrate my attention on one task at a time. My attention span is very low. I get distracted ...
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3answers
237 views

What causes dreamers to accept dreams as reality?

I have long had interest in dreaming, and one of the defining features of ordinary dreams is that the dreamer either accepts the dream as "real life", or does not question the surroundings. Compare ...
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18 views

The 'self' and partitioning of the brain [duplicate]

I would be very grateful if someone could direct me towards any literature on the following thoughts: I have always wondered if my brain were split into 2 and separated while being kept alive and ...
2
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0answers
83 views

What is a short, drug-induced “blackout” experience called?

I know of anecdotal evidence for the following drug-related side-effects: It can happen while getting used to a new drug, or when quitting a drug. Probably also some other situations. The feeling ...
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2answers
169 views

Is all learning a subconscious activity?

As a non-native English speaker I recently tried to understand difference in phrases "to study" and "to learn". I found some explanations here on English language and usage SE, stating that learning ...
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61 views

Why does injury cause brief unconsciousness?

I suppose I'm thinking specifically about head injuries, though this question applies to any injury that causes unconsciousness for, say, a few minutes. If you would revive so soon, why would you fall ...