For questions about the systematic modification of behavior in response to external stimuli (classical conditioning) or as a consequence of own behavior (operant conditioning).

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17
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3answers
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Positive and negative reinforcement and punishment effectiveness

According to Skinner, positive reinforcement is superior to punishment in altering behavior. As Skinner discussed, positive reinforcement is superior to punishment in altering behavior. He ...
13
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1answer
137 views

What do anatomical substrates of conditioned taste aversion tell us about treatment?

Conditioned taste aversions (CTAs) or Garcia effect are a byproduct of feeling ill after we've consumed a certain food. These aversions is present even if the illness is not related to ingestion and ...
10
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1answer
134 views

Does teaching a bird an artificial task like eating from a feeder hurt its performance in the wild?

Can training a wild animal through operant conditioning somehow cause the animal to forget or be unable to perform tasks which it had perviously learned? Is it likely that training wild animals ...
10
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1answer
94 views

What salient features of a {conditioned stimulus,unconditioned stimulus} pair are represented in the lateral amygdala?

In classical conditioning, a conditioned stimulus (CS, e.g., a tone) is presented just before an unconditioned stimulus (UCS, e.g., a mild toe pinch) in repeated trials, such that the CS will ...
10
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1answer
331 views

Refinements of Rescorla-Wagner model of classical conditioning

The Rescorla-Wagner model is one of the most commonly discussed mathematical models of classical conditioning. It was wildly popular when it came out in 1972, and very successful. The same math, is ...
10
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2answers
166 views

Why do many people play Candy Crush without ever buying anything while some spend all their money on it?

I'm trying to understand how free-to-play games like Candy Crush Saga use existing knowledge of the human brain to keep people engaged and how they convince players to pay money for in-game goods. ...
10
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0answers
1k views

How does goal-tracking and sign-tracking behaviour vary across species?

In Pavlonian (classical) conditioning, conditioned responses of an animal may vary. Some animals focus on the unconditioned stimulus (ie., food / location of food) while others may focus on the ...
8
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2answers
110 views

Does not consistently providing a reward strengthen operant conditioning?

When learning about Operant Conditioning, I remember being taught that not consistently rewarding the desired behavior could (seemingly counterintuitively) actually increase the strength of learning ...
8
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1answer
81 views

Are association, conditioning, and symbolic learning the same thing?

Symbols and Communication: At some point in human history, we developed communication. Our brains were able to understand that things stood for something else. For example, the sound we make when we ...
8
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1answer
491 views

Is “Karmic Punishment” more effective?

When I was young, my parents consistently used "Karmic Punishments", punishments that had a strong relationship to the misbehavior. They believed that this was more effective. Examples: ...
7
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4answers
169 views

Research on “probabilistic thinking” in non-human animals?

We all seem to have a "probabilistic sense", which manifests itself in certain types of expectations (e.g. even if one has never used a bow to shoot an arrow, one expects that hitting a small target ...
7
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0answers
190 views

Why has behaviourism fallen out of favour?

Despite the catchy title, I'm not interested in personal opinions here. I am however, interested in feedback on how to better phrase the question so as to avoid personal opinions. After some thought,...
6
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3answers
349 views

How can one find out if he/she is brainwashed?

By brainwashed I mean indoctrinated with some political, religious or other type of propaganda. I assume that you can't be aware of this, because the lack of that awareness is the point of propaganda ...
6
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1answer
117 views

Which type of stimulus results in an optimal learning curve for rats and mice?

When using operant conditioning to train mice or rats, what type of stimulus is most effective? For example, does a negative reinforcement of a loud noise have a more profound effect than a negative ...
6
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1answer
240 views

What's the difference between repetition suppression and habituation?

Neural repetition suppression seems to be describing behavioral habituation on a neuronal level. What's the difference between these two terms?
5
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1answer
63 views

Can placebo effect be increased by modifying the perception about prescription/intake setting?

I've noticed the following pattern within my own thinking - multiple unrelated events "combine" to produce a certain action, particularly creativity and innovation. I'm trying to understand if this ...
5
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1answer
288 views

Is stimulus generalization acquired due to inability to discriminate stimuli?

The classic case of Stimulus Generalization is Little Albert. The About.com link also explains it in terms of dogs. I note that in both cases, it seems highly likely that the subject (dog or infant) ...
5
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1answer
69 views

What are the key dates for the development of operant conditioning?

I am trying to build up a timeline of the development of operant conditioning. So far I have the following $1898$ - Thorndike performs experiments using his puzzle box of which Skinner based his ...
4
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1answer
206 views

Is there cognizance or meta-awareness of classical conditioning?

Behaviorism's initial popularity was largely due to it's ability to take cognition and consciousness out of the equation; bringing it close to something that could be tested completely objectively by ...
4
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0answers
53 views

Derren Brown: “Paying with paper”. Assuming legitimacy, is this simply ideomotor suggestion?

Illusionist Derren Brown's video "Paying with Paper" supposedly demonstrates real-world instances whereby Brown pays for several items in cash: the rub being, the "cash" is blank paper. It's quite ...
3
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1answer
87 views

What do you call the inability to see alternative solutions to a problem?

Once I "learned" for a condition in which you have a specific solution of a problem, but you are only thinking of it and do not realize there are other / probably more appropriate / solutions. ...
3
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1answer
60 views

Is it possible to bridge implicit and explicit memory?

It is self evident, from the various studies of Skinner and Pavlov, that a traumatic - or one of a similar nature - experience possesses the tendency to reside within certain schemas through the ...
3
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1answer
45 views

Conditioning/training value of objects in experiment

In visual attention and decision making, how do experiments teach participants the value of specific objects (high vs low vs none)? Does anyone know of studies that done this which go into ...
3
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1answer
45 views

Conditioning and Contingency

I've learned, that spatiotemporal neighborhood among the conditioned and the unconditioned stimuli is a presupposition of conditioning (classical or operant). A second presupposition is called "...
2
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1answer
37 views

What cognitive properties change as the income vary?

Yesterday I made a guess: That perhaps there is a lock in some income classes - that there may be a trend that could get them stuck in there. But it's only a guess, I have no proof for such afirmation....
2
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1answer
45 views

Is there any evidence to suggest telling puns to a child makes them enjoy it when they are older?

My own experience was that my father and grandfather retold many puns as I was in my childhood and teens; at the time, I thought it was abysmal. Now I think they're the funniest things ever. Is ...
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1answer
66 views

how can the development of sexual preferences be influenced?

I am wondering about the development of sexual fetishes, not necessarily in its meaning of having a sexual affection for inanimate objects, but in its broader meaning of any type of sexual abnormality....
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1answer
43 views

Audio Inculcation and Learning

Suppose I have an audio file of a lecture of a professor explaining something to be learned - a physics concept for example, and I listen to the audio file over and over again, much like how people ...
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0answers
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Biofeedback and Neurofeedback: Scams or Real? [closed]

I'm currently taking an AP Psychology course which just discussed biofeedback and neurofeedback very briefly. All I can say is that I'm entirely skeptical that either one works by any mechanism other ...
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0answers
28 views

Why do younger children cry more readily and is it possible for an adult to recondition themselves to cry as readily as a child?

It seems to me that generally speaking, the younger the child, the more readily they will cry in response to emotion, and that crying as an emotional response in adults tends to be more reserved for ...