For questions focusing on the interaction of many internal mental processes. If your question involves only one of memory, attention, language, decision-making, or perception then use the associated specialized tag instead of cognitive-psychology.

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6
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4answers
49 views

Research on aversion to cognitive effort?

I was reading Danny K's recent book for fun (Thinking Fast and Slow, 2011), and he suggests briefly that some people's reliance on their intuitions (i.e., "System 1") might sometimes indicate a sort ...
3
votes
0answers
41 views
+100

Ways to treat disorganized thinking, other than pharmacotherapy

Disorganized thinking is a cognitive deficit symptomatic of thought disorders such as schizophrenia. This affects your ability to process and connect thoughts and ideas, rendering them disorganized, ...
2
votes
0answers
9 views

Assessment of cognitive skills in children

According to your point of view and your professional experience, what test is better in terms of its usability and informativeness - WISC-IV (Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children) or BAS (British ...
5
votes
2answers
6k views

What is the difference between implicit and explicit attitudes?

Although it is clear that implicit and explicit attitudes are not same, how do they differ is not. I believe establishing the relation between them would surely help deducting it's meaning in context ...
3
votes
0answers
20 views

Why do people bite their nails even when they do not want to?

Why do people bite their nails? People seem to be doing it primarily while contemplating something, or during problem-solving tasks. They seem to understand it is a bad habit, and sometimes they seem ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Behavior change using Unconsious Computing [on hold]

I don't know if this is the right place to ask, but I think i could ride my luck. I read somewhere that the clinical psychologists in the future would be akin to what computer programmers are today. ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Can someone clarify whether the term “heuristic” as used in psychology can be used to refer to an intentionally chosen strategy?

In my cognitive psychology class, we discussed heuristics. An example of a heuristic is loss aversion. Thus, in this context, a heuristic seems to be a general rule of thumb for how people behave. ...
7
votes
2answers
185 views

Why do people often do unnecessary things while performing a main task?

And this is not about procrastination (I'm almost certain). I've been noticing it since childhood that people (me included) tend to do unnecessary side activity, especially if they're invested in the ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Studies of how people learn to solve puzzles

I would like to build a cognitive model that is able to learn how to solve a complex puzzle such as the tower of Hanoi based off of limited feed-back (set of valid moves, closer to goal, farther from ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Are adult negativity or resentment related to an infant crying for attention?

I've recently came across an idea, expressed by a spiritual author Ekhart Tolle, that for adults, the internal experience of negativity or resistance to life situations can be far more harmful than ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

What are the main theories that account for why some people like X and others not? [closed]

For example, how does psychology account for why some people like peanuts and others hate them? This is a serious question, although perhaps naive. Sure, there can be some physiological explanations ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Generate 2D grid with alternation probability

I want to generate a 2D grid environment with rewards distributed (1s are rewards, 0s are no rewards) based on an alternation probability as defined in this paper by Falk and Konald ...
4
votes
1answer
39 views

What are there neuroanatomical mappings of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task?

I know that the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task is used to diagnose various mental disfunctions such as schizophrenia and drug addiction. However, has it been specified what brain regions or structures ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

What is “Attention” in terms of brain activity?

A rather basic question, but I don't know the answer to that - What is human "attention" that can be focused on different parts of the body or outside objects? For example, I can focus my attention ...
1
vote
0answers
12 views

Is there evidence to suggest that the different and contrasting behaviours we collectively call 'sensitive' have a common root cause?

There appear to be two different meanings of the word 'sensitive' when describing people's behaviour: that the person being described lacks the emotional resilience to cope with an everyday ...
3
votes
1answer
127 views

Why do people tend to reply to only one topic when multiple topics are brought up simultaneously?

This is a situation more frequent in online conversations, where you can type many things before the other person has a chance to reply. Perhaps cognitive load, multi-tasking ability, have something ...
2
votes
0answers
61 views

What are some theories on Cognitive model of Human Imagination?

I have no knowledge about neuroscience but recently I was wondering what is the cognitive model of human imagination? How does the human imagine things that don't exist? Suppose I ask anyone to ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

How do I get out of depression [closed]

(Please do not downvote me. if you think this is wrong place to ask such question here then suggest me where I can ask and I will move question there.) About me: I am a software engineer in Pakistan ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Is rapport a cognitive phenomenon?

"Building rapport" is often mentioned as one of the most fundamental sales techniques, but I had a hard time understanding the cognitive mechanism behind this. Is this really a state of awareness that ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Practical ways to increase Mental alertness? [closed]

Are there any scientifically proven exercises which can improve mental alertness and awareness naturally? please share!
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Is there any good Cognitive Architecture to model intelligent tutoring system?

Being a bugging AI and CogSci researcher i have so far found J.Andersons Act-R based ITS(Intelligent tutoring system) model,it seems very laborious. Is there any good current day Cognitive ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

What is the opposite of an insult for the purposes of triggering lasting positive affect?

Over the centuries, western cultures have developed dozens of swear words, insults and curse words that are intended to trigger acute negative affect in the recipient. If one particular word does not ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

How to recognize people with high need for cognition?

In my own little study I am trying to describe the personalities of different persons I know personally, by adding traits to them. Among other traits, I am looking for those who have a high need for ...
2
votes
0answers
19 views

Tactile perception of printed advertising materials and brand image

Does texture of paper (e.g.matt or glossy) of printed advertising materials affect the perception of brand image? From what I've researched so far ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Name of study/ability to gain information about people by observation

I was wondering if there is a name for the study/ability to gain information about someone just by observing certain traits or visual features. Something like what Patrick from the mentalist does.
1
vote
0answers
29 views
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Are there studies or research about the limits of healthy reading?

I would like to know if there are studies about the effects of reading too much in our cognitive abilities if there is any.
5
votes
1answer
172 views

Is Altmann's memory-for-goals model valid for higher-level multitasking?

Altmann's memory-for-goals model models goal-directed cognition in terms of the general memory constructs of activation and associative priming (Altmann 2002). From reading the paper I understand the ...
5
votes
0answers
31 views

Curved/angled geometrical forms and association with femininity/ masculinity

Is there any research or theoretical reasoning on a strong inclination of human mind to associate curved forms with femininity and angled ones with masculinity? (A similar concept of association is ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

Are lifestyle choices the real solution to depression?

My Questions: What research supports (or negates) my theories below? Specifically, do anti-depressants, alone, provide a permanent long-lasting solution to depression or is the real solution to ...
7
votes
0answers
82 views

What are the psychological differences in camelCase and underscore_case programming conventions?

In computer programming, spaces are often forbidden in the declaration of variable names, so programmers have created alternate methods of identifying word boundaries in variable names: camel case and ...
4
votes
1answer
93 views

What are the underlying mechanisms for optimism bias?

I have asked a question before about how does smoker's decision react to new personal health information. Link here. How do people estimate smoking's impact on their mortality? Now I have a ...
4
votes
1answer
41 views

Does knowledge of tests like Iowa Gambling and Wisconsin Card-Sorting task enable a person to fake the test?

I am interested in tests like the Iowa gambling test and the Wisconsin card-sorting test. If a patient understands how such a test works and the goals of the test, does this bias the measure obtained? ...
0
votes
1answer
98 views

Does thinking out loud negatively affect one's ability to think internally?

I'm a professional programmer, and I also practice math. During both, I constantly talk out loud, even for simple problems. However, when I'm around other people I suppress the talking and I feel like ...
6
votes
1answer
130 views

What is the definition of affective cueing?

In contrast to affective priming, what is affective cueing? I'm not sure how to differentiate between the two. I found a good review on affective priming in Karl Christoph Klauer (1997) in the ...
1
vote
1answer
608 views

What is the difference between behaviorism and cognitivism?

Recently I've been reading about the subject, and I have trouble finding a definite difference between the two. What is the difference between behaviorism and cognitivism?
10
votes
2answers
1k views

What term describes people that cannot feel pain?

I remember a case study about a girl who could not feel pain due to lacking certain somatosensory receptors; she went on to burn herself on a radiator because she could not feel her flesh burning and ...
5
votes
2answers
108 views

How are humans able to read scrambled text/characters (e.g., CAPTCHA)?

So I'm doing a research on developing a new text-based CAPTCHA system. I've devised a scheme where characters in a text are broken/split individually and randomly, making it difficult for OCR machines ...
4
votes
2answers
78 views

Is there a way to compare the subjective experiences of two different subjects upon an object?

It is the major problem of all cognitive sciences to deal with subjectivity. On the other hand, in order to figure out what is cognition or psychology, one must ultimately deal with this problem. As a ...
6
votes
2answers
112 views

Do researchers and laypeople understand statistics differently?

I'm looking for references related to how researchers and laypeople understand concepts of statistical inference. In particular, I'm looking for articles in which subjects could demonstrate ...
5
votes
2answers
69 views

Is 'intuition' related to 'extrasensory perception'?

I come from a computer science background and am a big time AI enthusiast. I am trying to think about how can we map 'intuition' to a process in artificial intelligence. As I understand, 'intuition' ...
4
votes
1answer
88 views

Does working memory have a role in creativity?

What role does working memory play in creativity? Creativity in this context being easily measurable creativity, so performance on things like the uses task etc. Divergent thinking is the ability to ...
29
votes
2answers
183k views

How valid is Lumosity's Brain Performance Index and what normative information is available?

Background There is a test called Lumosity's Brain Performance Index. A sample profile of scores might be: ...
8
votes
1answer
242 views

What cognitive processes occur during a mental exhaustion or 'burnout'?

Mental burnout - or mental exhaustion is not very pleasant, when one feels completely overwhelmed, something 'snaps' and it is hard to concentrate and maintain motivation. What are the cognitive ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Why do people suddenly look back if you look at them for a while?

You possibly are familiar with the following situation, I do not know if this is a researched phenomena or not however. You look straight at somebody for some time and suddenly, even though he or she ...
3
votes
1answer
27 views

What is the most comprehensive model of executive control?

Wikipedia has a nice summary of the various models of executive function, but what is the most comprehensive one? That is, the one that accounts for the most cognitive variations among subjects and ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

What is the evidence for linguistic determinism?

Lately, I have been pondering whether the idea of linguistic determinism has empirical support. Background: I know a couple languages, and I am proficient in 2 of them. So sometimes if I need to ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Is there a specific name for the emotion I'm feeling? [closed]

I looked around and it doesn't seem to match the definition of guilt NOR shame. I made up a lie that works this way: 1.Tell people someone I made up is "special," "unique," and a variety of other ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

Can observing neutral objects prime the brain to integrate them into new ideas in the waking state?

I'm aware of a few concepts, primarily from dream research, which indicate that dreams feature or integrate observed objects from the past several days into dream content. For example, seeing a bike ...
5
votes
1answer
81 views

What mental illnesses cause different performance on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task

I am aware that the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task (WCST) has been used multiple times to demonstrate differences in executive function control in schizophrenics, but what other mental illness sufferers ...