For questions focusing on the interaction of many internal mental processes. If your question involves only one of memory, attention, language, decision-making, or perception then use the associated specialized tag instead of cognitive-psychology.

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5
votes
2answers
238 views

Is there a difference between visual short term memory and visual working memory?

As far as I can tell the two terms are used interchangeably. Do these two separate terms exist for historical reasons, or is there a distinction I'm missing?
4
votes
1answer
95 views

Do depressed people think that they always thought in such a negative way?

I feel like I may have read or heard a finding that depressed people may get the delusion that they always used to think in such a negative way as has begun since getting depression. Is it so?
2
votes
0answers
43 views

Do people talk faster than they process? [closed]

I've hear both claims 1) people (in general) talk faster than listeners can process the meaning of the words being said 2) people can process what's being said faster than a person can talk I think 2)...
4
votes
0answers
27 views

Which executive function assessment has the most cognitive models?

Wikipedia has a handy list of assessments of executive functions. I recognize a few of them (Tower of Hanoi, Wisconsin Card Sorting), however, what is the most modeled task and what reasons do ...
4
votes
0answers
32 views

Effectiveness of implicit measures of deception (e.g., sweating, eye focus, EEG) when filling out online questionnaire

I'm working in my master thesis on a method of detecting user deception or lying when answering online questionnaires using his implicit feedback like sweating, eye focus, EEG etc. I would like if ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Cognitive Dissonance [closed]

Given the following hypothetical situation: An individual discovers that his girlfriend has cheated on him, but decides to continue to date her after she assures him that she will not do it again. ...
2
votes
0answers
61 views

How can we use EEG data to predict urge of smoking?

I am from Computer Sciences background. The problem which I want to target is to be able to successfully predict (to a degree) that a person is going to smoke in near future. I have a brainwave ...
3
votes
0answers
38 views

How does conscious rational internal thought gets initiated - what gives rise to it on any given day?

I'm reading a book called "The power of now" by Ekhart Tolle, and in that book he suggests that internal dialogue/monologue/planning/judging can be first observed, then disidentified with and ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

As adults, is it possible for thoughts to originate from our own thinking? [closed]

We, as human beings, formulate our own thoughts and notions about everything that we perceive. As we grow up, we acquire knowledge through different means (like parents, teachers, books, movies etc.) ...
1
vote
1answer
117 views

Is there really a Shiny Object Syndrome?

The term "Shiny Object Syndrome" is used to describe the tendency to start new ideas without thinking them through, especially in business. Does this phrase represent an actual clinical diagnosis? ...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

How can we analyse user behavior to predict urge of smoking?

The problem which I want to target is to be able to successfully predict (to a degree) that a person is going to smoke in near future. I want to look at the relationship between chemical reactions ...
6
votes
3answers
205 views

Is it possible to induce the processes that occur during sleep such as memory “garbage collection” without actually sleeping?

Some time ago I opened a question comparing drug withdrawal and sleep deprivation symptoms. In fact, my main objective for that question was to know if there was by any chance, a possibility to live ...
5
votes
2answers
162 views

Does fixing cognitive biases do more harm than use?

The Kahneman–Tversky interpretation of biases as deviation from rationality was challenged by Gigerenzer on the basis that heuristics help making decisions and, thus, rational from the evolutionary ...
6
votes
0answers
54 views

Confirmation vs peak-end bias - when does it make sense to “save the best for last”?

This question is inspired by Should I give the interviewers surprise? on Academia.SE. The strategy of "save the best for last" seems to be affected in conflicting ways by two cognitive biases: ...
2
votes
2answers
73 views

Name for awareness of the probability of an event increasing the probability of it happening

Before Christmas, NZ Police announced they would be enforcing a zero tolerance on exceeding the speed limit in December/January. Previously there was a 10kph grace unless a driver was obviously ...
6
votes
3answers
153 views

How are hallucinations generated, is it related to dreaming?

I was thinking how powerful auditory and visual hallucinations must be, for the individual experiencing them to be unable to distinguish them from reality. I, personally, have not experienced a ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

What do you call the inability to see alternative solutions to a problem?

Once I "learned" for a condition in which you have a specific solution of a problem, but you are only thinking of it and do not realize there are other / probably more appropriate / solutions. ...
3
votes
0answers
31 views

What neurophysiological mechanisms are typically associated with distraction?

I've been looking into focus aids and I've come across some music which markets itself as entertaining your "limbic system". Although it's been asked before how music can affect mental states, I'm ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

What is the name of a cognitive bias by which existing facts are tailored to fit a personal hypothesis?

What is the name of a cognitive bias where a person takes all of their knowledge of a particular subject (at a point in time) and arranges it in a hypothesis or world model that makes sense to that ...
3
votes
2answers
224 views

Does Stroop test performance correlate with any personal characteristics or abilities?

Have there been any studies that found that an extremely high (or low) Stroop test score correlates with certain personal characteristics, abilities or aptitudes, or would all such conclusions be ...
3
votes
0answers
42 views

Where to find images of the same faces with and without glasses for experiment?

I am looking to replicate the findings of Leder, forster, and Gerger (2011) in their publication of the glasses stereotype revisited. I intend to examine the same conditions of no-glasses, rimmed ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Where can one read about states? [closed]

This term gets thrown around quite a lot on cogsci.SE. States (or maybe, to my understanding, states of mind, psychological states, or mental states) could be defined as schemas of a temporal nature (...
8
votes
1answer
201 views

Are there any rules about masking?

I am currently programming an experiment where participants have to do a divided visual field task. In a paper about the correct methodology about these tasks, it is said that you should use a ...
3
votes
0answers
81 views

What makes you feel smarter after sprinting? [closed]

Background: Every time I sprint, I feel smarter the day after. Why would someone feel smarter after they have been sprinting?
6
votes
0answers
101 views

Difference between Logan's Instance theory and Exemplar-Based Random Walk (EBRW) theory

I'm trying to find a clear explanation of the difference between Logan's instance theory (Logan, 2002) and the Exemplar-Based Random Walk theory (Nosofsky & Palmari, 1997). Am I mistaken that they ...
4
votes
1answer
75 views

What is the name of the concept in psychology that makes requirements hard to articulate?

One of my teachers in Computer Science explained this idea about requirements: Product owners don't know what they want, they need a feedback loop of requirements gathering to push them to say ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

Freudian repressed unconscious as the biological reason behind self-destructive behavior?

Self-destructive habits include: - smoking whilst being aware of the effects - not exercising whilst knowing that it is healthier to do so - taking one more hit of a drug "for the last time, really" ...
7
votes
1answer
85 views

What is the effect of displayed online personal identifiers on online communication?

Online interaction provides an interesting avenue for experiment and experience. People are able to hide or fabricate their personal details including age, sex, and appearance. For the purposes of ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Concept maps. What exactly they are? [closed]

I would like you to recommend me a definitive book about concept maps. I've been taking a look to a wide variety but none of them seemed clear to me.
3
votes
1answer
79 views

What are the key features of dreams that trigger dream recall in the waking state?

There are various ways of writing down dreams upon awakening in one's dream journal. I've seen long, detailed descriptions that read like novels and take a page or two. Then there are terse notes of ...
1
vote
1answer
202 views

Gain EQ for Introverted Person [closed]

What method and/or technique is recommended to make an introverted person to gain high emotional intelligence, social skills and social competence in his/her personality? What I have seen the ...
5
votes
1answer
543 views

What is the relative importance of shape and color in object recognition?

Do people recognize objects faster when both shape and color are present? Can color introduce more cognitive load to identify the object? Let's say there is a row of icons. Users need to quickly (no ...
3
votes
0answers
555 views

Do highly creative people dream more and/or differently than ordinary people?

Everybody dreams, and I'm trying to understand if there is a cause and effect relationship between ability to dream and recall dreams and creativity as an adult. I would define the kind of ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

What is the psychological cause and meaning of “common sense”?

To what extent is common sense innate versus influenced by interactions with others? If someone has grown up with minimal interaction with other people, would their common sense be different?
2
votes
1answer
158 views

What is the biological reason behind disorganized thinking and disorganized behavior in thought disorders?

Having disorganized thinking is different for everyone. But, it is sometimes described as not being able to connect thoughts together. I am asking about disorganized thinking other than communication ...
40
votes
1answer
4k views

By learning to read and write upside down, what did I do to myself?

If you've ever read Encyclopedia Brown books, you'll be familiar with the backwards writing in the back of the book that explains the solution to the case. When I was in my mid-late teens (I don't ...
7
votes
2answers
238 views

Are motivation and efficiency inversely correlated?

Observation: Motivation and efficiency seem appear to me to be inversely correlated for most people. That is, I know some people who tend to get very excited about a goal and take large amounts of ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

How to address a narcissist to go to therapy?

Often people go to a therapist when they start to experience a strong personal discomfort, however often this never happens as because their personality is egosyntonic. However for whoever is ...
3
votes
1answer
389 views

Does the brain get rusty if out of practice?

A couple of years back I was in the midst of a lot of competitive exams (for my career, degree etc.). I needed to put my mind to a lot of work. Maths problems, physics problems, logic and GMAT-type ...
10
votes
4answers
4k views

Why is recognition easier than recall?

The main ways of memory retrieval are recognition and recall. Why has it been found that recognition is "easier" to perform, meaning it is usually faster or is more likely to yield an accurate ...
1
vote
1answer
244 views

How does look, tone and voice manipulate behavior

I am socially anxious person with wooden behavior and emotions. Unlike others, I try to suspend emotions and stay stoic when I feel uncomfortable. That's my weakness because I don't let others see how ...
11
votes
2answers
3k views

Motivation vs Goal Oriented Behavior

What's the difference between these two terms when used in the context of cognitive psychology? To the best of my knowledge, research on 'Goal Oriented Behavior' refers to the subset of motivation ...
4
votes
1answer
99 views

What human limitations are there to object tracking and recognition?

I'm thinking about trying to implement object recognition/tracking using a silicon retina (also known as the Dynamic Vision Sensor) and using the Semantic Pointer Architecture as my cognitive model. ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Why is it more acceptable to get rich doing sports than business?

I live in Finland where it is not acceptable to emphasize of being rich, eg. buying expensive sportcars/houses/apartments and introduce them on "yellow press". But there is one exception. If you have ...
4
votes
1answer
79 views

What to call theory where next activity following a fun activity is also perceived as fun?

What is the name of the theory that states: "if someone is having fun beforehand, the next activity they do will also seem fun regardless of what the activity is." so like continuing fun... Any ...
4
votes
0answers
93 views

If stimulus triggers dopamine release, can dopamine release trigger memory recall of stimulus?

Modern science of sleep is starting to lean towards a viewpoint that dopamine has an important function in dreaming, and that dopaminergic pathways - mesolimbic and mesocortical are activated during ...
0
votes
2answers
90 views

Which personality traits relate to prosocial values?

Which personality traits are strong in people with values such as: kindness humility sympathy empathy abnegation church-professed values solidarity love for others forgiving the other defending ...
0
votes
2answers
99 views

Is there a formal name for “I'm right, don't try to challenge me” / “if you push against me I will be 100x more stubborn” personality trait?

Some persons gets really annoyed if we try to demonstrate our thesis to them or to put in light that they are behaving in a childish way. Dale Carnegie, in his most famous book: ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Are cognitive biases hardwired in the brain or they are acquired during lifetime?

The Kahneman–Tversky interpretation of biases as deviation from rationality was challenged by Gigerenzer on the basis that heuristics help making decisions and, thus, rational from the evolutionary ...
3
votes
1answer
102 views

Using CBT for a justified fear?

I am a speech language pathologist. I have a 19 year old patient who grew up with a number of different speech impediments (not a stutter). He was bullied a lot, and because of this he is very ...