Tagged Questions

For questions focusing on the interaction of many internal mental processes. If your question involves only one of memory, attention, language, decision-making, or perception then use the associated specialized tag instead of cognitive-psychology.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

2
votes
1answer
389 views

What is the conceptual relationship between higher order thinking and inductive reasoning?

Higher order thinking seems like a larger construct than inductive reasoning but the constructs also seem related. What is the connection between inductive reasoning and higher order thinking? Is ...
4
votes
1answer
147 views

Is metacognition an affective, cognitive, or behavioural variable?

Is metacognition an affect or cognitive or behaviour variable ? I want to study variation in metacognition and working memory ability level and its effect on inductive reasoning. Therefore i am ...
6
votes
1answer
376 views

Can hypomania be induced by just thinking quickly and variably?

Emily Pronin and Daniel Wegner have shown that fast and variable thinking induces positive affect. This is independent of thought content. Sheri Johnson has noted that the key things that might start ...
2
votes
2answers
155 views

Implementation Intentions and Mental Contrasting vs Meditation

Everyday I see so many studies on meditation. These include all types (mindfulness, TM, etc..). The studies only report positive results. Meditation has been purported to increase self-control and ...
2
votes
0answers
83 views

Short term time perception affect long term time perception?

It is known that attending to time (i.e. looking at duration) expands subjective time. So if I want to do something for 20 minutes and look at my watch, this would increase my subjective time ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

Is actively trying to create insight inducing conditions effective in generating insights?

Kounios and Beeman (2009) show that many insight solutions come when one is in a relaxed state. Furthermore, positive mood helps with insight solutions. But practically speaking, is it wise to try ...
6
votes
0answers
96 views

Are there any rules about masking?

I am currently programming an experiment where participants have to do a divided visual field task. In a paper about the correct methodology about these tasks, it is said that you should use a ...
2
votes
1answer
882 views

Deception and nose touching - does it work for things that are about to be said in prepared speeches?

I'm not sure if nose touching is a scientifically-validated signature of deception or internal conflict. For the purposes of this question I would assume that it's fairly common knowledge in ...
9
votes
3answers
343 views

What psychological factors account for code readability?

Readability is often intuitively synthesized. If you see some piece of code, you just know whether it is readable or not. But what are actual psychological, scientific explanations for this? There ...
7
votes
1answer
351 views

What is the effect of mindfulness practice on cognition?

The following article by ScienceDaily reported on a paper in Psychological Science (Mrazek et al., 2013), claiming that mindfulness training led to improved working memory and GRE scores. These ...
6
votes
1answer
71 views

Any research on how we use visual category information in visuomotor tasks?

So I've been reading up on the Two-streams Hypothesis*, and it bothers me that the explanations both sides give only extend to tasks involving one type of visual information. For example, an ...
-1
votes
1answer
253 views

Most common cognitive biases? [closed]

I'm an amateur student of cognitive biases and psychological traps and have been reading some of the work of Kahneman, Tversky, Gilovich et al. along with more popular books like Cialdini's ...
1
vote
3answers
255 views

Is fear rational? [closed]

Let's suppose a big ugly monster thingy wants to eat you. While you're running away from it, you're feeling fear. Can this situation be considered one where fear would be rational?
3
votes
0answers
140 views

Test-retest reliability of Iowa gambling task performance and Expectancy Valence Model parameters

I've just been learning about the Expectancy Valence Model of the Iowa Gambling Task (see Busemeyer & Stout, 2002; Yechiam et al 2005). The model includes three parameters: motivation, ...
3
votes
0answers
48 views

How do humans perceive height or vertical drop?

I'm looking at this video: Neil Burgess: How your brain tells you where you are, which discusses neurons within the brain that help people remember where stuff is in relation to other objects. I'm ...
3
votes
1answer
285 views

Dyslexia and IQ

Background Information of my questions: At the age of eight I was "diagnosed" with Dyslexia, I am now 47. I went from not being able to read and barely able to write to a college reading level in 9 ...
10
votes
1answer
144 views

Predicting how long a task will take

As a software engineer I have always struggled with predicting how long a project would take by underestimating and I have noticed that all of my colleagues have the same problem. In this video at ...
6
votes
2answers
146 views

What is the sleep study that showed that a percentage of humans have a biological clock that is ~28 hours or greater?

There was an article published some years ago about a sleep study (I think from Germany) that showed about 10-20% of people (European's I think) are genetically predisposed to function on a 30-hour* ...
1
vote
2answers
102 views

Categorization studies with a procedure similar to Shepard et al (1961) and Medin & Schaffer (1978)

I am looking for performance results from categorization studies with discrete stimulus features and reinforcement feedback. I need something like this: ...
5
votes
1answer
991 views

Effect of Physical Exercise on Intelligence/IQ

I am interested in empirical research relevant to answering the following questions: What is the effect of physical exercise on IQ/intelligence? Does any such effect vary by type of exercise? e.g. ...
4
votes
0answers
97 views

Definition of Affective Cueing

In contrast to Affective Priming, what is Affective Cueing? I'm not sure how to differentiate between the two. I found a good review on affective priming in Karl Christoph Klauer (1997) in the ...
5
votes
1answer
80 views

How can the aversion response be explained neurologically?

If Dopamine and Dopamine D2 receptor is involved in craving, wanting and clinging towards something or incentive salience Dopamine is closely associated with reward-seeking behaviors, such as ...
5
votes
1answer
87 views

Quantify degree to which non-diagnostic features bias category-present response

I need a measure of the degree to which each of several features biases participants to respond "yes" in a category present / absent task for each of several categories. I have stimuli defined along ...
4
votes
1answer
281 views

What happens in your brain when a concept “clicks”?

What happens in your mind when the "lightbulb goes off", or a concept "clicks" for you? Why is there such a threshold for human understanding? Existing searches: I've searched a good amount for it. ...
2
votes
3answers
257 views

Why do drivers not slow down when they see signs indicating road work?

I found the following anecdote on Quora Many years ago, I worked for a gas & electric power company, and had been a member of a crew installing a road-side gas main. Despite the signs, ...
5
votes
1answer
437 views

What positive writing exercises improve happiness?

Writing seems like a perfect medium for expressing ones problems but can it also be used to improve happiness somehow? Maybe through some sort of creative writing exercises that focus on positive ...
3
votes
3answers
621 views

Improving Speed of Thinking

What are some ways one can improve his/her speed of thinking and reasoning ? I am looking for some easy to follow strategies that can be systematically applied. (I am presuming it can be learnt/ ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

What's the difference between projecting and mirroring?

In Psychology 101, I learned about Projecting and Mirroring... I know one is where an individual sees his own problems in other people... I always forget the other concept and/or confuse the two. ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Is it possible to measure the differences in processing and interpretation of reality between individuals?

What variables can be measured to compare, for example, two different individual's conscious processing and interpretation of the same objective reality ? For example, when terms like "distorted view ...
10
votes
3answers
203 views

What neural mechanism explains the tendency to visually attend to the whole scene before attending to details?

I have the intuition that human vision first attends to large-scale objects and then small-scale details. Is there any mechanism in the visual cortex that will explain this phenomenon? Is there a ...
7
votes
1answer
119 views

Is there evidence for a unique isolated internal representation of loved ones?

Some time ago, I've read that the most significant people in a person's life have their own internal representation/model of within the person's mind. For example: An internal representation of a ...
2
votes
2answers
154 views

How do graphic objects in data visualisation facilitate ease of interpretation?

Background: I vaguely remember reading in a book (I think it may have been Nudge - Thaler and Sunstein) about the advantages of using graphics for visualising data, such as a smiley face, or traffic ...
5
votes
1answer
126 views

Does medication to treat Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder reduce associated cognitive deficits?

Some studies point to existence of cognitive deficits in OCD (it seems that these deficits are not comorbid but have the same neurological roots as OCD). Unfortunately I found no studies with positive ...
1
vote
1answer
212 views

How does the brain process concurrent visual or sensory data?

I tried thinking about an apple and simultaneously an orange. (I was thinking about its appearance and taste). Despite my best efforts I was not able to do parallel processing to think about the apple ...
3
votes
0answers
712 views

What reasoning processes underlie the Logima Strictica 36 and Logicaus Strictimanus 24?

I am conducting research in creating an AI with high IQ. I am interested in the tests Logima Strictica 36 Test and Logicaus Strictimanus 24. Further links are here What is the logic of these test ...
9
votes
1answer
682 views

Why people choose “boring” colors for new cars?

I've been interested in this question for a few years, sorry if this is not the right place to ask it. As I've been driving around the US for the last few years, I noticed that some community parking ...
5
votes
1answer
132 views

Can Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD) present symptoms from very particular stimuli?

Sensory processing disorder can cause over or under reactions to sensory input, like loud sound. Can those afflicted with this disorder be okay from a particular sound played at a particular volume ...
5
votes
1answer
80 views

Are there professional cognitive science test subjects?

I'm interested in how cognitive science experiments are designed and executed. Up until now, all of the papers I've seen dealing with cognition use availability of test subjects as one of the major ...
7
votes
1answer
81 views

How repeatable are cognitive science findings within the same individual?

Thanks to this website, I've seen a number of papers and scholarly articles that deal with cognition. I'm interested in how repeatable the findings are that are discovered as a result of experiments. ...
14
votes
1answer
395 views

Is there psychoactive music?

Listen to this music for X minutes to observe Y result. Is there something like that that has been demonstrated to work for general public? The only example of an experiment that is similar that ...
4
votes
1answer
109 views

Does the person's walking say anything about the person's cognition?

This afternoon I've been observing people at a local park and came up with some observations that lead me to this question: Can the person's gait (manner of walking) say something about the person's ...
4
votes
1answer
96 views

A psychological theory that explains why people remember only the outcome?

I've read somewhere about a psychological theory that people often remember the end results or the outcome of a certain situation/discussion/conversation/etc, but not the details of it. In other ...
8
votes
1answer
239 views

How does the mind build a model of reality?

I'm interested if there has been any research or experiments that deal with how the human mind creates and perpetuates the idea of knowing something. I'm struggling to concisely express the question, ...
5
votes
1answer
496 views

Closure, an actual psychology term relating to filling in information?

I'm currently reading a book called "Understand Comics" and a term has come up called closure. I've understood this concept before and the book describes closure as the process the brain goes through ...
8
votes
1answer
328 views

How do people visually recognize their own reflection?

I'm interested in how the brain processes and recognizes the image of the person's own face. A bit of background: A while ago I've developed an overlay-camera like app for iPhone that allows me to ...
6
votes
3answers
149 views

Abstract idealized mental visualization improves motor task performance

I practice martial arts (Aikido), which involves a lot of rotation. When practicing, I find that holding an abstract image in my head, instead of thinking about the actual technique, improves my ...
8
votes
1answer
393 views

Attention Theory: is it impossible to avoid distraction?

I remember reading at some point in the literature that humans are unable to avoid distraction from a certain primary task if this task isn't using up close to all available 'resources' - basically ...
2
votes
0answers
113 views

Does Cognitive Tunneling apply to daydreaming as well?

I've been reading a paper by Jarmasz J. (2005) on cognitive tunneling and am wondering if it applies to daydreaming? For instance, if for some reason I'm already thinking about something that has no ...
23
votes
1answer
170k views

How valid is Lumosity's Brain Performance Index and what normative information is available?

Background There is a test called Lumosity's Brain Performance Index. A sample profile of scores might be: ...
5
votes
1answer
132 views

Psychological research on memorability of passwords?

There are lots of ad-hoc rules that people are happy to propose about passwords, such as: Pick a phrase you can remember easily, and then use the initial letters. A random short sequence of letters, ...