For questions focusing on the interaction of many internal mental processes. If your question involves only one of memory, attention, language, decision-making, or perception then use the associated specialized tag instead of cognitive-psychology.

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7
votes
2answers
462 views

Skin conductance responses to emotional stimuli

The skin conductance response (SCR) is said that cannot be reduced to one specific stimulus (Boucsein, 2012). Does this mean that if the participant is presented with stimuli of different emotional ...
3
votes
0answers
27 views

Reading recommendations for getting acquainted with cognitive behavioral therapy [duplicate]

I understand the basic idea of it, but I'd like to read something beyond the Wikipedia page about it. I'll be happy to read a book, or articles online, or watch a video lecture or a documentary. Can ...
6
votes
1answer
195 views

Name of the bias where someone really needs something after they find out it exists

I'm looking for the name of the cognitive bias that is expressed in the following story. A fellow coworker was instrumental in getting a 75 gallon fish tank installed in the lobby of the company that ...
3
votes
2answers
333 views

Oddball experiment design in E-prime

I want to set up an experiment in which there are 3 types of emotional stimuli (A, B, C). A and C would have a 1% recurrence probability, for rare and unexpected stimuli. Is there any sample of ...
7
votes
2answers
335 views

To what extent does culture affect emotion perception?

In a globalized world, in spite of cultural differences, we share, at least at the symbolic level (language level), lots of things. Considering pictures that display emotions (affect), such as those ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

To what extent does the awarness of the presence of others affect brain function and cognitive state?

This scope pertains to non-life threatening interactions and the awareness of the presence of a single or multiple individuals - (not direct conversation, not group mentality) just the presence. To ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Why does repeating one word over and over again sound weird to us after some time?

This effect seems to be observed with almost any word. I would say this phenomenon 'works' for longer and complex words better. When we repeat a word over and over again, it starts to sound very ...
4
votes
1answer
161 views

What is the consequence for the MBTI in not having a neuroticism factor?

This very interesting question: Do the Jungian Cognitive Functions/ Processes really exist? is dealing with neuroscientific attempts to show Jungian functions and preferences exists. In addition to ...
6
votes
3answers
145 views

Abstract idealized mental visualization improves motor task performance

I practice martial arts (Aikido), which involves a lot of rotation. When practicing, I find that holding an abstract image in my head, instead of thinking about the actual technique, improves my ...
9
votes
2answers
240 views

Bias by which we tend to accept vague descriptions of ourselves

There's an effective strategy employed by horoscopes and "psychics" where they say vague statements like "You like being with friends but you value your time alone"; statements that basically "cover ...
4
votes
1answer
166 views

Can people alleviate a negative halo effect about them?

According to Wikipedia: "The halo effect or halo error is a cognitive bias in which one's judgments of a person’s character can be influenced by one's overall impression of him or her." ...
3
votes
1answer
269 views

Comprehensive list of cognitive techniques in CBT

I'm not a cognitive science student, but I'm interested in CBT (Cognitive Behavior Therapy) and I'm using it to overcome some of the problems I have. However, I have difficulty in finding resources ...
10
votes
1answer
270 views

What is the effect of studying logic or mathematics on general thinking skills?

I frequently hear comments from people to the effect that "Studies have shown that students who take (intro) logic courses don't show any signs of improvement in logical/rational/critical thinking." ...
5
votes
1answer
85 views

Does psychology have a name for the “click” experienced in mathematics?

To understand what I mean, for three days I stared at a formula that looked Greek. Its semantics of relationship was unknown. The mathematics was just one long blur without logic and making no sense. ...
7
votes
2answers
179 views

Relationship between cognitive load and self-indulgent behavior in simple task completion

Background A subject in an office-building setting is asked to memorize a list of numbers and to write them down on a whiteboard in another room on the opposite side of the building. The subject ...
7
votes
1answer
115 views

What is a more modern interpretation of the terms egosyntonic/egodystonic?

Egosyntonic thoughts/ideas are those that are consistent with self-image, and egodystonic thoughts are recognized as inconsistent. For example, in obsessive compulsive disorder, the patient will ...
4
votes
1answer
66 views

Do different meta-cognitive measurements depend on the same mechanism?

There are different meta-cognitive judgments: feeling of knowing, ratings of warmth, confidence, judgments of learning, tip-of-the-tongue or not, insight or not, etc. Are these judgments based on ...
9
votes
1answer
555 views

How well can a human-generated “random number” be predicted?

For example, if i ask an individual to write a 20-number-long sequence of random numbers from 0 to 10. How well can I predict the 20th number from the initial 19? More generally, How well can ...
15
votes
2answers
1k views

Effect of words highlighting on reading comprehension

I'm interested if there are studies dealing with text understanding and POS (part of speech) coloring, or coloring syntactic/semantic information. The studies should solve the questions like: Which ...
4
votes
1answer
64 views

Why different responses to target and distractor in three-stimulus oddball procedure?

In the three-stimulus oddball procedure, there is an infrequent target in a background of frequently occurring standard stimuli and infrequently occurring distracter stimuli. My question is, since the ...
3
votes
2answers
104 views

How to analyse 3 by 3 design with Likert scale ratings?

I want to understand what would be the best way to analyze the results of an online likert-scale ratings of pictures on 3 dimensions. I have 3 groups of participants from different countries. They are ...
10
votes
3answers
189 views

Is there any recent work on modeling how we rapidly acquire new knowledge?

I work with neural network models of human cognition a lot, and one thing that bugs me about them is the timescale: they learn over thousands of trials whereas humans seem to learn after a couple ...
4
votes
0answers
39 views

Predicting the landing site of a saccade while the saccade is still in progress

A brief look through the literature didn't reveal any algorithms that have been directly applied to the online prediction of saccade landing sites while a saccade is in progress. While there would ...
2
votes
1answer
171 views

Any studies on lack of imagination and creativity?

Is there a formal scientific term for this type of personality?: Main priorities are: family, phsyical and financial protection of the family and self. (Little to no creativity. Strong desire to ...
9
votes
3answers
520 views

Math or Physics: Which is the more relevant background to enter Cognitive Sciences and Psychology? [closed]

What would be a more suitable background to enter cognitive sciences, mathematical psychology, and study of emotions? I have the option of taking a Integrated Masters Degree in Mathematical Sciences, ...
-2
votes
1answer
119 views

Are there “6 degrees of separation” for ideas?

Sites like linkedin.com are built on the idea that you can be related to any person in the world though around 6 people. One person knows another one, that one another one, and in the end you are ...
9
votes
2answers
232 views

Do people estimate combined probabilities differently to uncombined ones?

Suppose, somebody has to estimate the likelihood of one of the following events (or has to estimate which event is more likely): A coin is tossed six times and each time the result is heads. ...
2
votes
1answer
387 views

What is the conceptual relationship between higher order thinking and inductive reasoning?

Higher order thinking seems like a larger construct than inductive reasoning but the constructs also seem related. What is the connection between inductive reasoning and higher order thinking? Is ...
4
votes
1answer
146 views

Is metacognition an affective, cognitive, or behavioural variable?

Is metacognition an affect or cognitive or behaviour variable ? I want to study variation in metacognition and working memory ability level and its effect on inductive reasoning. Therefore i am ...
9
votes
3answers
341 views

What psychological factors account for code readability?

Readability is often intuitively synthesized. If you see some piece of code, you just know whether it is readable or not. But what are actual psychological, scientific explanations for this? There ...
2
votes
0answers
83 views

Short term time perception affect long term time perception?

It is known that attending to time (i.e. looking at duration) expands subjective time. So if I want to do something for 20 minutes and look at my watch, this would increase my subjective time ...
2
votes
1answer
857 views

Deception and nose touching - does it work for things that are about to be said in prepared speeches?

I'm not sure if nose touching is a scientifically-validated signature of deception or internal conflict. For the purposes of this question I would assume that it's fairly common knowledge in ...
6
votes
0answers
94 views

Are there any rules about masking?

I am currently programming an experiment where participants have to do a divided visual field task. In a paper about the correct methodology about these tasks, it is said that you should use a ...
8
votes
1answer
361 views

What are the current suggested models for Primacy Effect in memory recall or personality impression?

What are the current suggested normative, mechanistic or phenomenological models for explaining primacy effect as was observed by Solomon Asch (1946) on personality impression, list-of-words memory ...
10
votes
4answers
3k views

Why is recognition easier than recall?

The main ways of memory retrieval are recognition and recall. Why has it been found that recognition is "easier" to perform, meaning it is usually faster or is more likely to yield an accurate ...
6
votes
1answer
70 views

Any research on how we use visual category information in visuomotor tasks?

So I've been reading up on the Two-streams Hypothesis*, and it bothers me that the explanations both sides give only extend to tasks involving one type of visual information. For example, an ...
7
votes
1answer
129 views

Any attempts at testing or modeling the 'cognitive conception' of language?

For those unfamiliar, the 'cognitive conception of language' refers to a claim made by some theorists that, in the words of Carruthers: "besides its obvious communicative functions, language also ...
6
votes
3answers
309 views

How can one find out if he/she is brainwashed?

By brainwashed I mean indoctrinated with some political, religious or other type of propaganda. I assume that you can't be aware of this, because the lack of that awareness is the point of propaganda ...
1
vote
3answers
252 views

Is fear rational? [closed]

Let's suppose a big ugly monster thingy wants to eat you. While you're running away from it, you're feeling fear. Can this situation be considered one where fear would be rational?
3
votes
0answers
136 views

Test-retest reliability of Iowa gambling task performance and Expectancy Valence Model parameters

I've just been learning about the Expectancy Valence Model of the Iowa Gambling Task (see Busemeyer & Stout, 2002; Yechiam et al 2005). The model includes three parameters: motivation, ...
10
votes
1answer
144 views

Predicting how long a task will take

As a software engineer I have always struggled with predicting how long a project would take by underestimating and I have noticed that all of my colleagues have the same problem. In this video at ...
5
votes
1answer
421 views

What positive writing exercises improve happiness?

Writing seems like a perfect medium for expressing ones problems but can it also be used to improve happiness somehow? Maybe through some sort of creative writing exercises that focus on positive ...
4
votes
1answer
275 views

What happens in your brain when a concept “clicks”?

What happens in your mind when the "lightbulb goes off", or a concept "clicks" for you? Why is there such a threshold for human understanding? Existing searches: I've searched a good amount for it. ...
6
votes
2answers
146 views

What is the sleep study that showed that a percentage of humans have a biological clock that is ~28 hours or greater?

There was an article published some years ago about a sleep study (I think from Germany) that showed about 10-20% of people (European's I think) are genetically predisposed to function on a 30-hour* ...
3
votes
1answer
282 views

Dyslexia and IQ

Background Information of my questions: At the age of eight I was "diagnosed" with Dyslexia, I am now 47. I went from not being able to read and barely able to write to a college reading level in 9 ...
1
vote
2answers
101 views

Categorization studies with a procedure similar to Shepard et al (1961) and Medin & Schaffer (1978)

I am looking for performance results from categorization studies with discrete stimulus features and reinforcement feedback. I need something like this: ...
2
votes
3answers
256 views

Why do drivers not slow down when they see signs indicating road work?

I found the following anecdote on Quora Many years ago, I worked for a gas & electric power company, and had been a member of a crew installing a road-side gas main. Despite the signs, ...
5
votes
1answer
80 views

How can the aversion response be explained neurologically?

If Dopamine and Dopamine D2 receptor is involved in craving, wanting and clinging towards something or incentive salience Dopamine is closely associated with reward-seeking behaviors, such as ...
4
votes
0answers
97 views

Definition of Affective Cueing

In contrast to Affective Priming, what is Affective Cueing? I'm not sure how to differentiate between the two. I found a good review on affective priming in Karl Christoph Klauer (1997) in the ...
5
votes
1answer
978 views

Effect of Physical Exercise on Intelligence/IQ

I am interested in empirical research relevant to answering the following questions: What is the effect of physical exercise on IQ/intelligence? Does any such effect vary by type of exercise? e.g. ...