For questions focusing on the interaction of many internal mental processes. If your question involves only one of memory, attention, language, decision-making, or perception then use the associated specialized tag instead of cognitive-psychology.

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4
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1answer
74 views

Why do people bite their nails even when they do not want to?

Why do people bite their nails? People seem to be doing it primarily while contemplating something, or during problem-solving tasks. They seem to understand it is a bad habit, and sometimes they seem ...
26
votes
7answers
5k views

What is the current “accepted” science behind dream interpretation?

I'm doing some casual reading about dream interpretation (meaning I'm reading the wikipedia entry) and the article mentions that there are several ways of thinking about dreams from a psychological ...
3
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0answers
53 views

What role (if any) does verbal intelligence play in one's aptitude for science or mathematics?

I am looking for scientific literature that suggests a link between verbal intelligence (i.e. one's capacity for reading comprehension and use of language) and one's aptitude for working with or ...
5
votes
2answers
419 views

How are the logical and mathematical skills of people with ADHD?

How does rationality and the logical thought processes of those with and without ADHD compare? Please explain the source of the differences. Are the differences thought to be caused by dopamine, ...
4
votes
1answer
145 views

How to recognize people with high need for cognition?

In my own little study I am trying to describe the personalities of different persons I know personally, by adding traits to them. Among other traits, I am looking for those who have a high need for ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

Is there a disorder that causes one to give inanimate objects human emotions? [closed]

For example, if one is using multiple pens to write something and has not used one of them in awhile, one may think it is "feeling" "left out" and so will switch to use that one. A logical mind KNOWS ...
0
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0answers
36 views

Can visual skills and short term memory be improved with practice?

I'm a mathematician and I've recently tried to solve more problems just using my mind. This requires visual and short memory skill. So my question is, will my ability improve with practice or is the ...
0
votes
0answers
94 views

Where to find Social Problem-Solving Inventory–Revised Items List

I am doing my research in CBT and want to take some scoring. So I need to get SPSI-R complete kit, that will help me proceed my ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

Do users of pictographically represented languages users have the same rates of dyslexia and dysgraphia?

I was wondering, given that a number represents a concept, unlike a letter that represents sound (that changes with context) - Do pictographic language users have similar rates of dyslexia and ...
0
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1answer
91 views

Can someone clarify whether the term “heuristic” as used in psychology can be used to refer to an intentionally chosen strategy?

In my cognitive psychology class, we discussed heuristics. An example of a heuristic is loss aversion. Thus, in this context, a heuristic seems to be a general rule of thumb for how people behave. ...
4
votes
3answers
102 views

Are there “awareness” related mirror neurons or processes in the brain that get activated by awareness?

I'm reading the "The Power of Now" book by Ekhart Tolle, in which he describes a spiritual practice by which attention/awareness is focused on the currently experienced mental state. For example, ...
1
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2answers
82 views

Can humans really successfully multitask? [duplicate]

It seems to be a quality parents want to instill in their children, as well as i.e.- teenagers bragging about having music playing, texting, video chatting, all while doing homework, they claim is the ...
0
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1answer
80 views

What is the relationship between perceived difficulty and mistakes/errors?

I'm looking for any empirical research about the correlation between the perceived difficulty level of humans and the mistake / errors they make while performing a task. I would prefer studies with ...
1
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0answers
19 views

Is psychological shock a valid construct?

Rather than shock as a physiological reaction to bodily trauma, does anyone know of research on the validity of psychological shock? I'm not referring to shell shock, or the original name for PTSD. ...
10
votes
4answers
188 views

Research on aversion to cognitive effort?

I was reading Danny K's recent book for fun (Thinking Fast and Slow, 2011), and he suggests briefly that some people's reliance on their intuitions (i.e., "System 1") might sometimes indicate a sort ...
2
votes
1answer
198 views

Why do people tend to reply to only one topic when multiple topics are brought up simultaneously?

This is a situation more frequent in online conversations, where you can type many things before the other person has a chance to reply. Perhaps cognitive load, multi-tasking ability, have something ...
6
votes
4answers
492 views

Why does your recorded or objective voice sound different to what you hear in your own head?

When speaking, I hear my own voice very differently from how others do and from what it really is. The sound differs in tone, pitch, volume, etc. For example, recordings of my singing or speaking in ...
7
votes
2answers
339 views

Ways to treat disorganized thinking, other than pharmacotherapy

Disorganized thinking is a cognitive deficit symptomatic of thought disorders such as schizophrenia. This affects your ability to process and connect thoughts and ideas, rendering them disorganized, ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the difference between “double dissociation” and simply having control and experimental groups?

According to my textbook Cognitive Psychology by E. Bruce Goldstein, a double dissociation occurs if damage to one area of the brain causes a function A to be absent while function B is present, ...
3
votes
0answers
36 views

Comparison of assessments of cognitive skills in children

What test is better in terms of its usability and informativeness - WISC-IV (Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children) or BAS (British Ability Scales)?
6
votes
2answers
13k views

What is the difference between implicit and explicit attitudes?

Although it is clear that implicit and explicit attitudes are not same, how do they differ is not. I believe establishing the relation between them would surely help deducting it's meaning in context ...
8
votes
2answers
214 views

Why do people often do unnecessary things while performing a main task?

And this is not about procrastination (I'm almost certain). I've been noticing it since childhood that people (me included) tend to do unnecessary side activity, especially if they're invested in the ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

Studies of how people learn to solve puzzles

I would like to build a cognitive model that is able to learn how to solve a complex puzzle such as the tower of Hanoi based off of limited feed-back (set of valid moves, closer to goal, farther from ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

Are adult negativity or resentment related to an infant crying for attention?

I've recently came across an idea, expressed by a spiritual author Ekhart Tolle, that for adults, the internal experience of negativity or resistance to life situations can be far more harmful than ...
4
votes
1answer
85 views

What are the main theories that account for why some people like X and others not? [closed]

For example, how does psychology account for why some people like peanuts and others hate them? This is a serious question, although perhaps naive. Sure, there can be some physiological explanations ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Generate 2D grid with alternation probability [closed]

I want to generate a 2D grid environment with rewards distributed (1s are rewards, 0s are no rewards) based on an alternation probability as defined in this paper by Falk and Konald (http://citeseerx....
4
votes
1answer
46 views

What are there neuroanatomical mappings of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task?

I know that the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task is used to diagnose various mental disfunctions such as schizophrenia and drug addiction. However, has it been specified what brain regions or structures ...
4
votes
1answer
104 views

What is “Attention” in terms of brain activity?

A rather basic question, but I don't know the answer to that - What is human "attention" that can be focused on different parts of the body or outside objects? For example, I can focus my attention ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Is there evidence to suggest that the different and contrasting behaviours we collectively call 'sensitive' have a common root cause?

There appear to be two different meanings of the word 'sensitive' when describing people's behaviour: that the person being described lacks the emotional resilience to cope with an everyday ...
3
votes
0answers
83 views

What are some theories on Cognitive model of Human Imagination?

I have no knowledge about neuroscience but recently I was wondering what is the cognitive model of human imagination? How does the human imagine things that don't exist? Suppose I ask anyone to ...
2
votes
0answers
98 views

How do I get out of depression [closed]

(Please do not downvote me. if you think this is wrong place to ask such question here then suggest me where I can ask and I will move question there.) About me: I am a software engineer in Pakistan ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Is rapport a cognitive phenomenon?

"Building rapport" is often mentioned as one of the most fundamental sales techniques, but I had a hard time understanding the cognitive mechanism behind this. Is this really a state of awareness that ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Practical ways to increase Mental alertness? [closed]

Are there any scientifically proven exercises which can improve mental alertness and awareness naturally? please share!
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Is there any good Cognitive Architecture to model intelligent tutoring system?

Being a bugging AI and CogSci researcher i have so far found J.Andersons Act-R based ITS(Intelligent tutoring system) model,it seems very laborious. Is there any good current day Cognitive ...
2
votes
1answer
120 views

What is the opposite of an insult for the purposes of triggering lasting positive affect?

Over the centuries, western cultures have developed dozens of swear words, insults and curse words that are intended to trigger acute negative affect in the recipient. If one particular word does not ...
3
votes
0answers
33 views

Tactile perception of printed advertising materials and brand image

Does texture of paper (e.g.matt or glossy) of printed advertising materials affect the perception of brand image? From what I've researched so far (http://entermotion.com/blog/2014/01/this-...
2
votes
0answers
61 views
5
votes
1answer
262 views

Is Altmann's memory-for-goals model valid for higher-level multitasking?

Altmann's memory-for-goals model models goal-directed cognition in terms of the general memory constructs of activation and associative priming (Altmann 2002). From reading the paper I understand the ...
7
votes
0answers
50 views

Curved/angled geometrical forms and association with femininity/ masculinity

Is there any research or theoretical reasoning on a strong inclination of human mind to associate curved forms with femininity and angled ones with masculinity? (A similar concept of association is ...
5
votes
1answer
115 views

What are the underlying mechanisms for optimism bias?

I have asked a question before about how does smoker's decision react to new personal health information. Link here. How do people estimate smoking's impact on their mortality? Now I have a ...
4
votes
1answer
51 views

Does knowledge of tests like Iowa Gambling and Wisconsin Card-Sorting task enable a person to fake the test?

I am interested in tests like the Iowa gambling test and the Wisconsin card-sorting test. If a patient understands how such a test works and the goals of the test, does this bias the measure obtained? ...
0
votes
1answer
322 views

Does thinking out loud negatively affect one's ability to think internally?

I'm a professional programmer, and I also practice math. During both, I constantly talk out loud, even for simple problems. However, when I'm around other people I suppress the talking and I feel like ...
7
votes
1answer
154 views

What is the definition of affective cueing?

In contrast to affective priming, what is affective cueing? I'm not sure how to differentiate between the two. I found a good review on affective priming in Karl Christoph Klauer (1997) in the ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

What is the difference between behaviorism and cognitivism?

Recently I've been reading about the subject, and I have trouble finding a definite difference between the two. What is the difference between behaviorism and cognitivism?
10
votes
2answers
1k views

What term describes people that cannot feel pain?

I remember a case study about a girl who could not feel pain due to lacking certain somatosensory receptors; she went on to burn herself on a radiator because she could not feel her flesh burning and ...
6
votes
2answers
292 views

How are humans able to read scrambled text/characters (e.g., CAPTCHA)?

So I'm doing a research on developing a new text-based CAPTCHA system. I've devised a scheme where characters in a text are broken/split individually and randomly, making it difficult for OCR machines ...
6
votes
2answers
147 views

Do researchers and laypeople understand statistics differently?

I'm looking for references related to how researchers and laypeople understand concepts of statistical inference. In particular, I'm looking for articles in which subjects could demonstrate ...
5
votes
2answers
161 views

Is 'intuition' related to 'extrasensory perception'?

I come from a computer science background and am a big time AI enthusiast. I am trying to think about how can we map 'intuition' to a process in artificial intelligence. As I understand, 'intuition' ...
31
votes
2answers
194k views

How valid is Lumosity's Brain Performance Index and what normative information is available?

Background There is a test called Lumosity's Brain Performance Index. A sample profile of scores might be: ...
8
votes
1answer
272 views

What cognitive processes occur during a mental exhaustion or 'burnout'?

Mental burnout - or mental exhaustion is not very pleasant, when one feels completely overwhelmed, something 'snaps' and it is hard to concentrate and maintain motivation. What are the cognitive ...