For questions focusing on the interaction of many internal mental processes. If your question involves only one of memory, attention, language, decision-making, or perception then use the associated specialized tag instead of cognitive-psychology.

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6
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2answers
2k views

Difficulty of expressing thoughts verbally

Some people find it difficult to express their thoughts verbally. They may often feel that their words don't give their thoughts enough justice, and that their thoughts could've been verbalized ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

Effect of Physical Exercise on Intelligence/IQ

I am interested in empirical research relevant to answering the following questions: What is the effect of physical exercise on IQ/intelligence? Does any such effect vary by type of exercise? e.g. ...
8
votes
2answers
108 views

What rules are tested during the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task?

I was reading about the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test and although I understand the concept, I'm not clear on what rules are usually tested. Does it always vary between associations between shape, ...
3
votes
1answer
319 views

Is Allen Carr's “easy way to stop smoking” a form of cognitive therapy?

David Burns is a cognitive therapist, who in his Feeling Good describes how to overcome depression. He states that depression is a logical result of irrational negative thoughts, which can be ...
2
votes
2answers
218 views

Efficient learning strategies?

When learning a new subject or a skill, is it more effective to break practice into small sub-skills and focus on them for months until they have been fully mastered, or to practice each small ...
3
votes
0answers
51 views

average attention time and attention compensation time

Is there any good source for statistics regarding average attention span? More specifically- what is the average attention compensation time, meaning- how long does a person need to rest in order to ...
2
votes
2answers
120 views

Acoustic and light wave coherency?

I know how some music notes combinations sound pleasing, yet others do not. Does the same occur with different frequencies of light (colors)? Since spectral color and acoustic pitch are both defined ...
5
votes
1answer
104 views

Research operationalizing so-called strategic thinking?

Is there contemporary research in trait psychology, which attempts to operationalize the structures behind a strategic thinking style? I'm thinking of a style of problem solving as taught in officer ...
5
votes
0answers
118 views

What cognitively interesting event-related potentials at FP1, FP2, TP9 or TP10 can be measured with consumer-grade EEG hardware?

I'm looking for cognitively interesting event-related potentials at places like FP1, FP2, TP9 or TP10 that can be measured with consumer-grade EEG hardware. Right now I have an Interaxon Muse EEG and ...
44
votes
3answers
3k views

What makes people easily subscribe to pseudoscientific theories?

There are many theories/disciplines that have been categorized as pseudoscience in the scientific community. The list includes many things that are regularly even quoted in media like graphology, ...
5
votes
1answer
91 views

Name of cognitive bias when you diminish one's competency based on someone else's for the same function?

Let's say you have a REALLY good manager, and he leaves. So you tend to underestimate/judge the next manager's competencies because the previous one was really good. How you call the cognitive bias ...
10
votes
1answer
209 views

Do people who lose their faith tend to replace it with other non-evidence-based reasoning?

I was watching this talk by Phil Plait given at TAM(The Amazing Meeting) 8. You can find a partial transcript here. It will help provide some context. In the talk he makes the following claim: ...
6
votes
1answer
141 views

What causes people to rapidly lose skill after becoming moderately good at something?

I've noticed that people often manage to become moderately good at something, but seem to reach some sort of peak at that level and then rapidly start getting worse again. I've seen this happen with ...
7
votes
1answer
147 views

Is the logic of self-reported thoughts related to psychological disorders?

Depression seems to be a disruption in thought patterns. In particular, it is characterized by repetitive thoughts. Is it possible to characterize psychological diseases by looking at the logical ...
13
votes
2answers
574 views

Is the theory of Information Metabolism a reasonable scientific theory?

Background I have been checking out various personality typing assessments lately when I came across a Personality typing system known as Socionics which aims at explaining relationships between ...
6
votes
1answer
104 views

What are the neural substrates of retrieval induced forgetting?

Retrieval-induced effects It is well known that practicing retrieval of remembered items increases the probability of correctly recalling that item in future tests: the testing effect. ...
1
vote
0answers
81 views

What drives users to play Reddit's “The Button” game?

There's this amazing social experiment going on Reddit - the Button as of April 1 2015. Here's an example of a website that tracks statistics of the experiment: http://button.mtsanderson.com/ Reddit ...
5
votes
1answer
217 views

What's the difference between executive functions and cognitive control?

I suspect that the difference between these terms may vary from researcher to researcher, since the wikipedia page treats them as synonymous. What's the difference between executive functioning and ...
3
votes
0answers
67 views

Spreading Activation Theory

Two questions, (im trying to get my head around this area of study, my assignment is on neurophysiological differences of t/f memory not theories, but reading up on the topic has had me thinking and I ...
7
votes
1answer
141 views

How do moral judgments change for older adults?

There have been numerous studies that compare the moral judgment/sensitivity of adults and children (a good example is this paper by Decety, Michalska and Kinzler, showing significant differences ...
3
votes
1answer
105 views

What are the neurobiological factors related to depression?

While it is agreed that neurotransmitters aren't the primary "cause" of depression, what other factors are a part of this mental illness that focus on the neurobiological aspects of it?
0
votes
0answers
19 views

image of eyes to brain [duplicate]

If the eyes image is upside down before brain processes it, then do that mean an alzeiheimers patient in end stage see images upside down at all time because of a deteriorating brain?
2
votes
0answers
23 views

Are there cognitive models that distinguish semantic and episodic memory?

From various amnesia cases it has been shown that semantic and episodic memories reside in different parts of the brain. Are there any cognitive models that distinguish these two types of memories? If ...
4
votes
1answer
50 views

Does short-term memory decrease after working memory, or does it decrease before working memory?

I see contradicting claims. This book shows working memory peaking in 20s, short term memory peaking out later (not doing badly until one's 40s), but this paper shows STM peaking out earlier than ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

Wisconsin Card Sorting task timing information

I've been trawling through the literature and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task and I've yet to find any information regarding the timing of neuro-typical subjects vs. those who suffer from either brain ...
2
votes
0answers
30 views

Theory about use of concept maps?

My background is Computing Science and I want to research how people use concept maps? By doing some google search I found the following link https://www.msu.edu/~luckie/ctools/ What I want to ...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

What kind of cognitive psych journals are receptive to clinicians without any publications?

A good friend of mine is a clinical psychologist. She has been in practice for more then 25 years and has provided psychological help to people for a variety of issues. One of her specialities is ...
2
votes
0answers
116 views

Does daily software development enhance the cognitive capacity of a person? [closed]

Software Development is an intense activity which requires using most of one's cognitive capacity. When programmers develop a software, they usually make an abstract understanding of the task which ...
2
votes
0answers
19 views

Evidence for different learning applied to negative and positive feedback [duplicate]

I was consulting a friend of mine while building a cognitive model for the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task and he mentioned that it's important to note that people respond differently to to positive ...
1
vote
1answer
113 views

How do some traumatic experiences establish deep beliefs and ideas?

Disclaimer - My terminology might be wrong. How do some memorable experiences that are traumatic or tough, make the brain form some values. Is there a way to establish core values so strongly ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Is teacher guidance always necessary to become an expert? [closed]

Is it necessary to have a teacher (or mentor/coach) to master every skill? What if I am taking an online tutorial with pre-recorded videos? Can I count that teacher training? I have read the concept ...
8
votes
3answers
163 views

Is a desire for a certain food related to the nutritional need for that food?

It appears that, from time to time, everybody has a strong desire for some specific food. I want to know whether this is the feedback of the body needing certain nutrients or whether it's purely ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Tell-tale signs of ability to present information in clear and elegant visual form [closed]

How does one's ability to present (systemize) information into a clear and understandable format (e.g. through tables/ diagrams/ interactive interfaces/ multimedia/ etc) usually show? (In other ...
4
votes
1answer
189 views

Do 10.000 hours of practice make you an expert?

With his book "Outliers" Malcolm Gladwell has widely popularized the idea that the requirement to become an expert in any field is largely to invest at least 10.000 hours of deliberate practice. ...
2
votes
2answers
65 views

Can stress be sustained without reflective thought processes

My question is whether the feeling of stress goes away progressively in the absence of reflective thought. Example: you notice someone looking at you and think "maybe I have something on my face". ...
4
votes
0answers
61 views

Measuring short-term, long-term and sensory memory in adolescents?

I would like to measure the short-term memory, long-term memory and sensory memory of children between 10 and 15. If possible, I would prefer a single test or battery. What tests are used to measure ...
3
votes
1answer
113 views

Are there working computational frameworks for human behavior and personality?

I've been scanning through the web, looking for some ideas and theories about computational modules of human behavior and personality, but so far all I could find regards to procedural programs and ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Can animals think intuitively? [closed]

We agree that human beings have intuition - "the ability to understand something instinctively, without the need for conscious reasoning." And the level of intuition varies from people to people. Can ...
3
votes
0answers
24 views

Does the type of informational representation of a question in a research survey affect answers?

Does the type of data format used to represent questions in empirical research affect the depth and quality of that research? For example, most questionnaires use written text as a data format. Would ...
4
votes
0answers
108 views

Do people “subvocalize” during thinking or “internal monologue”

I've recently became aware of the concept of subvocalization, where people make tiny motions with their vocal cords when reading. I'm looking for a clarification on the subject: Does subvocalization ...
6
votes
1answer
194 views

Does meditation improve working memory more than exercise?

I have noticed that I feel much more mentally sharp after doing an hour of moderate exercise in the morning. On the contrary, when I meditate, I feel no such difference in my mental alertness. Isn't ...
3
votes
0answers
195 views

Brainwave audio recordings and beta waves: how do they affect positivity?

I know a little bit about negative and positive energies of human bodies and how it all works. Recently, on Facebook, I saw an ad promoting some sort of audio recording and that it has something to do ...
5
votes
0answers
31 views

Is there a hierarchy of gestalt visual stimuli processing?

Let's say that we have a set of shapes. They can be grouped according to the different Gestalt laws of grouping. However, different Gestalt principles will divide the set into different groups, e.g. ...
1
vote
1answer
113 views

Where do you get your news? [closed]

I'm a software developer. Many of us get our news from http://news.ycombinator.com Where do cogsci people get their news from? I'd like to read the latest trends and discoveries in cogsci research. ...
2
votes
3answers
67 views

How to quickly estimate the person's level of stress with a mobile based relaxation app?

I'm writing a simple iPhone relaxation app and am thinking of a very quick test I can do to learn something about the user's level of stress, anxiety, etc. The objective is to measure how effective ...
8
votes
1answer
128 views

Is the depletion effect of self-control reliable?

Although a lot of research (Muraven, 1998) has indicated the ego depletion of self-control, a recent paper (Xu, 2014) claims that they fail to replicate the depletion effect: impaired performance in ...
2
votes
2answers
143 views

What causes someone to frequently see particular patterns of digits when they look at a clock?

Over the past few years when I randomly choose to look at a clock I typically see particular patterns of times. The main pattern is repeating digits (e.g., 04:04; 11:11; 16:16). This occurs on ...
3
votes
1answer
117 views

Is meaning-seeking behavior a biological optimization problem?

In short, I'm interested in cognitive, neuroscientific, biological and/or computational perspectives on what we vaguely refer to as meaning seeking. Of course, this is a large topic, but any ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

The belief becoming the self [closed]

Is there a terminology or specific topic that explains the behaviour or phenomenon expressed in the following quote? The greatest anomaly of belief is that it is so powerful it takes over the ...
3
votes
2answers
111 views

What are the side effects of Anger?

Are there any side effects i.e. any hormonal changes , dopamine release when we get anger or while we shout or outburst in anger? Because we feel satisfied getting anger in a situation than keeping ...