For questions focusing on the interaction of many internal mental processes. If your question involves only one of memory, attention, language, decision-making, or perception then use the associated specialized tag instead of cognitive-psychology.

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1answer
78 views

Can someone clarify whether the term “heuristic” as used in psychology can be used to refer to an intentionally chosen strategy?

In my cognitive psychology class, we discussed heuristics. An example of a heuristic is loss aversion. Thus, in this context, a heuristic seems to be a general rule of thumb for how people behave. ...
4
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3answers
96 views

Are there “awareness” related mirror neurons or processes in the brain that get activated by awareness?

I'm reading the "The Power of Now" book by Ekhart Tolle, in which he describes a spiritual practice by which attention/awareness is focused on the currently experienced mental state. For example, ...
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2answers
72 views

Can humans really successfully multitask? [duplicate]

It seems to be a quality parents want to instill in their children, as well as i.e.- teenagers bragging about having music playing, texting, video chatting, all while doing homework, they claim is the ...
0
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1answer
51 views

What is the relationship between perceived difficulty and mistakes/errors?

I'm looking for any empirical research about the correlation between the perceived difficulty level of humans and the mistake / errors they make while performing a task. I would prefer studies with ...
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0answers
17 views

Is psychological shock a valid construct?

Rather than shock as a physiological reaction to bodily trauma, does anyone know of research on the validity of psychological shock? I'm not referring to shell shock, or the original name for PTSD. ...
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4answers
167 views

Research on aversion to cognitive effort?

I was reading Danny K's recent book for fun (Thinking Fast and Slow, 2011), and he suggests briefly that some people's reliance on their intuitions (i.e., "System 1") might sometimes indicate a sort ...
2
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1answer
191 views

Why do people tend to reply to only one topic when multiple topics are brought up simultaneously?

This is a situation more frequent in online conversations, where you can type many things before the other person has a chance to reply. Perhaps cognitive load, multi-tasking ability, have something ...
5
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4answers
411 views

Why does your recorded or objective voice sound different to what you hear in your own head?

When speaking, I hear my own voice very differently from how others do and from what it really is. The sound differs in tone, pitch, volume, etc. For example, recordings of my singing or speaking in ...
7
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2answers
238 views

Ways to treat disorganized thinking, other than pharmacotherapy

Disorganized thinking is a cognitive deficit symptomatic of thought disorders such as schizophrenia. This affects your ability to process and connect thoughts and ideas, rendering them disorganized, ...
2
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2answers
421 views

What is the difference between “double dissociation” and simply having control and experimental groups?

According to my textbook Cognitive Psychology by E. Bruce Goldstein, a double dissociation occurs if damage to one area of the brain causes a function A to be absent while function B is present, ...
3
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0answers
27 views

Comparison of assessments of cognitive skills in children

What test is better in terms of its usability and informativeness - WISC-IV (Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children) or BAS (British Ability Scales)?
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2answers
9k views

What is the difference between implicit and explicit attitudes?

Although it is clear that implicit and explicit attitudes are not same, how do they differ is not. I believe establishing the relation between them would surely help deducting it's meaning in context ...
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2answers
202 views

Why do people often do unnecessary things while performing a main task?

And this is not about procrastination (I'm almost certain). I've been noticing it since childhood that people (me included) tend to do unnecessary side activity, especially if they're invested in the ...
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1answer
72 views

Studies of how people learn to solve puzzles

I would like to build a cognitive model that is able to learn how to solve a complex puzzle such as the tower of Hanoi based off of limited feed-back (set of valid moves, closer to goal, farther from ...
2
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0answers
57 views

Are adult negativity or resentment related to an infant crying for attention?

I've recently came across an idea, expressed by a spiritual author Ekhart Tolle, that for adults, the internal experience of negativity or resistance to life situations can be far more harmful than ...
4
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1answer
76 views

What are the main theories that account for why some people like X and others not? [closed]

For example, how does psychology account for why some people like peanuts and others hate them? This is a serious question, although perhaps naive. Sure, there can be some physiological explanations ...
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0answers
18 views

Generate 2D grid with alternation probability

I want to generate a 2D grid environment with rewards distributed (1s are rewards, 0s are no rewards) based on an alternation probability as defined in this paper by Falk and Konald ...
4
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1answer
44 views

What are there neuroanatomical mappings of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task?

I know that the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task is used to diagnose various mental disfunctions such as schizophrenia and drug addiction. However, has it been specified what brain regions or structures ...
3
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1answer
102 views

What is “Attention” in terms of brain activity?

A rather basic question, but I don't know the answer to that - What is human "attention" that can be focused on different parts of the body or outside objects? For example, I can focus my attention ...
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0answers
17 views

Is there evidence to suggest that the different and contrasting behaviours we collectively call 'sensitive' have a common root cause?

There appear to be two different meanings of the word 'sensitive' when describing people's behaviour: that the person being described lacks the emotional resilience to cope with an everyday ...
2
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0answers
71 views

What are some theories on Cognitive model of Human Imagination?

I have no knowledge about neuroscience but recently I was wondering what is the cognitive model of human imagination? How does the human imagine things that don't exist? Suppose I ask anyone to ...
2
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0answers
82 views

How do I get out of depression [closed]

(Please do not downvote me. if you think this is wrong place to ask such question here then suggest me where I can ask and I will move question there.) About me: I am a software engineer in Pakistan ...
2
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1answer
59 views

Is rapport a cognitive phenomenon?

"Building rapport" is often mentioned as one of the most fundamental sales techniques, but I had a hard time understanding the cognitive mechanism behind this. Is this really a state of awareness that ...
1
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1answer
69 views

Practical ways to increase Mental alertness? [closed]

Are there any scientifically proven exercises which can improve mental alertness and awareness naturally? please share!
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0answers
25 views

Is there any good Cognitive Architecture to model intelligent tutoring system?

Being a bugging AI and CogSci researcher i have so far found J.Andersons Act-R based ITS(Intelligent tutoring system) model,it seems very laborious. Is there any good current day Cognitive ...
2
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1answer
102 views

What is the opposite of an insult for the purposes of triggering lasting positive affect?

Over the centuries, western cultures have developed dozens of swear words, insults and curse words that are intended to trigger acute negative affect in the recipient. If one particular word does not ...
3
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0answers
30 views

Tactile perception of printed advertising materials and brand image

Does texture of paper (e.g.matt or glossy) of printed advertising materials affect the perception of brand image? From what I've researched so far ...
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0answers
50 views
5
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1answer
201 views

Is Altmann's memory-for-goals model valid for higher-level multitasking?

Altmann's memory-for-goals model models goal-directed cognition in terms of the general memory constructs of activation and associative priming (Altmann 2002). From reading the paper I understand the ...
7
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0answers
45 views

Curved/angled geometrical forms and association with femininity/ masculinity

Is there any research or theoretical reasoning on a strong inclination of human mind to associate curved forms with femininity and angled ones with masculinity? (A similar concept of association is ...
7
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0answers
96 views

What are the psychological differences in camelCase and underscore_case programming conventions?

In computer programming, spaces are often forbidden in the declaration of variable names, so programmers have created alternate methods of identifying word boundaries in variable names: camel case and ...
5
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1answer
107 views

What are the underlying mechanisms for optimism bias?

I have asked a question before about how does smoker's decision react to new personal health information. Link here. How do people estimate smoking's impact on their mortality? Now I have a ...
4
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1answer
46 views

Does knowledge of tests like Iowa Gambling and Wisconsin Card-Sorting task enable a person to fake the test?

I am interested in tests like the Iowa gambling test and the Wisconsin card-sorting test. If a patient understands how such a test works and the goals of the test, does this bias the measure obtained? ...
0
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1answer
228 views

Does thinking out loud negatively affect one's ability to think internally?

I'm a professional programmer, and I also practice math. During both, I constantly talk out loud, even for simple problems. However, when I'm around other people I suppress the talking and I feel like ...
7
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1answer
151 views

What is the definition of affective cueing?

In contrast to affective priming, what is affective cueing? I'm not sure how to differentiate between the two. I found a good review on affective priming in Karl Christoph Klauer (1997) in the ...
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1answer
2k views

What is the difference between behaviorism and cognitivism?

Recently I've been reading about the subject, and I have trouble finding a definite difference between the two. What is the difference between behaviorism and cognitivism?
10
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2answers
1k views

What term describes people that cannot feel pain?

I remember a case study about a girl who could not feel pain due to lacking certain somatosensory receptors; she went on to burn herself on a radiator because she could not feel her flesh burning and ...
6
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2answers
235 views

How are humans able to read scrambled text/characters (e.g., CAPTCHA)?

So I'm doing a research on developing a new text-based CAPTCHA system. I've devised a scheme where characters in a text are broken/split individually and randomly, making it difficult for OCR machines ...
6
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2answers
139 views

Do researchers and laypeople understand statistics differently?

I'm looking for references related to how researchers and laypeople understand concepts of statistical inference. In particular, I'm looking for articles in which subjects could demonstrate ...
5
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2answers
129 views

Is 'intuition' related to 'extrasensory perception'?

I come from a computer science background and am a big time AI enthusiast. I am trying to think about how can we map 'intuition' to a process in artificial intelligence. As I understand, 'intuition' ...
31
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2answers
191k views

How valid is Lumosity's Brain Performance Index and what normative information is available?

Background There is a test called Lumosity's Brain Performance Index. A sample profile of scores might be: ...
8
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1answer
267 views

What cognitive processes occur during a mental exhaustion or 'burnout'?

Mental burnout - or mental exhaustion is not very pleasant, when one feels completely overwhelmed, something 'snaps' and it is hard to concentrate and maintain motivation. What are the cognitive ...
7
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3answers
4k views

Why do people suddenly look back if you look at them for a while?

You possibly are familiar with the following situation, I do not know if this is a researched phenomena or not however. You look straight at somebody for some time and suddenly, even though he or she ...
3
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1answer
43 views

What is the most comprehensive model of executive control?

Wikipedia has a nice summary of the various models of executive function, but what is the most comprehensive one? That is, the one that accounts for the most cognitive variations among subjects and ...
1
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0answers
27 views

What is the evidence for linguistic determinism?

Lately, I have been pondering whether the idea of linguistic determinism has empirical support. Background: I know a couple languages, and I am proficient in 2 of them. So sometimes if I need to ...
1
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1answer
101 views

Is there a specific name for the emotion I'm feeling? [closed]

I looked around and it doesn't seem to match the definition of guilt NOR shame. I made up a lie that works this way: 1.Tell people someone I made up is "special," "unique," and a variety of other ...
3
votes
1answer
38 views

Can observing neutral objects prime the brain to integrate them into new ideas in the waking state?

I'm aware of a few concepts, primarily from dream research, which indicate that dreams feature or integrate observed objects from the past several days into dream content. For example, seeing a bike ...
6
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1answer
91 views

What mental illnesses cause different performance on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task

I am aware that the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task (WCST) has been used multiple times to demonstrate differences in executive function control in schizophrenics, but what other mental illness sufferers ...
10
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1answer
276 views

Thinking, Fast and Slow vs. Mindfulness vs. Flow

I've been wondering how dual-process theory, which is described in Daniel Kahneman's book "Thinking, Fast and Slow", relates to mindfulness and the state of being in the present moment and the flow ...
6
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2answers
97 views

Do hints improve memorization when using spaced repetition?

For example, I'm learning geography using the spaced repetition method. I have some program which asks me questions like, "In which country Melbourne is located?", and I have to recall the country ...