For questions focusing on the interaction of many internal mental processes. If your question involves only one of memory, attention, language, decision-making, or perception then use the associated specialized tag instead of cognitive-psychology.

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9
votes
6answers
468 views

Is psychology a science?

I've read some books from behavioral economy to emotional intelligence, and it kind of makes sense, but when it comes to psychology it feels to me a bit like astrology, where there are some things ...
3
votes
2answers
116 views

Can a brain be modeled as a simplified interaction of different states and their triggers?

I've long been interested in the concept of "states of mind", which influence the perception of the outside world and outlook on past, present and future. They can be thought of as "colored lenses" ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

Is speed up of arithmetic calculations as a result of memorisation?

In elementary school, it is typical for a student to learn "times tables" to increase their speed of mental multiplication. What is the mechanism for the increased speed of calculation resulting from ...
1
vote
2answers
135 views

Selective Attention v. Sensory Adaptation

I'm currently taking AP Psychology and we recently learned about sensory adaptation and selective attention. I was just wondering if there is any actual difference between the two? They seem pretty ...
4
votes
0answers
46 views

Does this recent twin study contradict Anders Erricson's view on the hereditary basis of talent?

The Swedish Psychologist Anders Erricson has published many reports stating that talent is "made and not born". In his book 'The Cambridge Handbook of Expertise and Expert Performance', he has stated ...
7
votes
2answers
94 views

Predicting the landing site of a saccade while the saccade is still in progress

A brief look through the literature didn't reveal any algorithms that have been directly applied to the online prediction of saccade landing sites while a saccade is in progress. While there would ...
2
votes
0answers
31 views

How do lay people develop psychological theories about themselves and the world?

Are there models that attempt to chart how lay people develop psychological theories about themselves and their interactions with the world? For what it's worth, every time I read a post about ...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

Types of thinking [closed]

In general psychology, there are 3 types of thinking according to the way solving a problem: practical thinking, specifically visual thinking and theoretical thinking. Can you explain and give me some ...
4
votes
1answer
87 views

How do some humans seemingly naturally have positive or mitigated appraisal of stressful events?

Appraisal is how an individual interprets a stressful event or a problem. For recurring problems, I understand that there are neuroanatomical structures that play a role in the appraisal of recurrent ...
7
votes
1answer
135 views

Why some people do not perform well with ambiguity and uncertainty?

I've recently read an article about Generation Z, early 20 year olds born after 1995 in the workforce (similar to this one). The article suggests that unlike previous generation, where ambigious goals ...
4
votes
1answer
512 views

Does mental rigidity cause psychological problems? [closed]

Is there a correlation between mental disorders and mental rigidity? I suspect that when people have very strong beliefs and it happens that this beliefs are dysfunctional they can incur into mental ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Deception and nose touching - does it work for things that are about to be said in prepared speeches?

I'm not sure if nose touching is a scientifically-validated signature of deception or internal conflict. For the purposes of this question I would assume that it's fairly common knowledge in ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Is psychology a science or magic? [closed]

What makes a person to be ever smiling to an extent that they just can't be angry or actually show they are angry even if they are?
2
votes
0answers
36 views

Source of sensory data related to cognitive effort

How does the brain assess cognitive effort? Is there a chemical that is being created or consumed at a rate that is proportionate to the amount of effort felt? I'm mostly interested in short term ...
6
votes
1answer
296 views

Does working memory have a role in creativity?

What role does working memory play in creativity? Creativity in this context being easily measurable creativity, so performance on things like the uses task etc. Divergent thinking is the ability to ...
2
votes
0answers
42 views

Are Free Will and Motivation related?

I'm aware of numerous experiments, like Stanford prison experiment, Milgram experiment which indicate that humans can act in ways opposite to their best intentions. For the purposes of this ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Pupillometry: how long needs the pupil to respond towards an cognitive stimuli?

I would like to know if somebody could give me some references on the latency of the pupil response after a cognitive stimulus. I know that the light reflex is quite fast compared to cognitive ...
8
votes
1answer
5k views

Why do some days feel fast and others feel slow?

As per the title, why is it some days it just feels like a day can go so fast, yet other days can feel slow? Every day has the same amount of hours, minutes and seconds after all. What is the actual ...
1
vote
0answers
13 views

How would slowed message over the reflex arc work?

Take, for example, a person with average reflexes/a normal reflex arc. The person touches an extremely hot stove and immediately pulls away. Slowing this event down, upon touching the stove, it takes ...
1
vote
2answers
62 views

Avoiding Cognitive dissonance,is it a necessity? [closed]

I want to know how strong is the pain of going through cognitive dissonance. Is it really so that changes in humans can be brought about by severity of cognitive dissonance struggle/pain ? Can I have ...
7
votes
1answer
154 views

Does correcting responses after feedback lead to better learning?

In a typical supervised learning experiment, one might present visual stimuli, e.g. faces, one after another and ask participants to classify each one into one of two categories, e.g. A and B. Usually ...
3
votes
0answers
45 views

Is the fight or flight response considered voluntarily or involuntarily?

I look in my rearview and see someone feet from me still speeding up and my heart rate feels like it doubles. It stayed like that for an hour. Had troubles concentrating and working well into the ...
3
votes
0answers
22 views

Are the language and sound centres of the brain in the same area?

I am an English major currently taking a Psycholinguistics module. One of the things we learnt in the module is that speech sound perception is handled vastly differently from non-speech sound ...
4
votes
3answers
77 views

Is there a term to describe the tendency to attribute the cause of a bad outcome to a recent event?

I've noticed that when something goes wrong, people have a tendency or a bias to associate its cause with a recent event. The following may not be a great example but here goes. Imagine a game of ...
9
votes
1answer
136 views

What is the mechanism behind recurring or looping thoughts?

I'm interested in what is the mechanism that explains the recurrence or looping of thoughts within a person's mind. Unless very strongly distracted, such thoughts can creep up back or mutate slightly ...
4
votes
0answers
137 views

Is there any credible evidence for the theory of Spiral Dynamics?

Spiral dynamics is a developmental psychology based theory that postulates these main ideas: Organisms in the universe go through a predictable set of stages of psychological development. These ...
7
votes
1answer
134 views

What are other methods to induce ego depletion besides using emotional videos and thought suppression?

Muraven and Baumeister (2000) proposed that self-control is a limited resource akin to strength or a muscle, to deplete this limited resource leads to subsequent self-regulatory failure. Ego ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

How are real life events translated into dream symbolism?

I'm interested in how significant events from daily life get encoded or translated into dream content. A personal observation can help clarify my question: I've observed that for me, "significant, ...
13
votes
2answers
346 views

What factors improve mood and increase cognitive functioning when people wake up?

I'm a software engineer doing some research in order to figure out if developing some applications are worth the effort. This work is applied to computational devices including mobile devices and even ...
4
votes
1answer
59 views

Studies on the appreciation of works of art

I am interested to know if the concept of a decreasing appreciation of a work of art through increased exposure to it exists, specifically: Does this idea exist and is there a term for it ? Have any ...
6
votes
0answers
53 views

Are there emotions that motivate pattern completion?

I have been studying musical "tension." Musical tension essentially refers to the "expectations" one builds up in a melody that are then "released" when a stimulus matching the expectation occurs. For ...
2
votes
1answer
146 views

“top-down” and “bottom-up” processes

What kind of processes are "top-down" and "bottom-up" processes in the context of processing visual information in brain? Context: ...There are discrete areas in the visual cortex dedicated to ...
1
vote
2answers
63 views

Self CBT techniques and strategy

Can people CBT themselves, if so are there any simple techniques and strategies that could be used.
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Why don't people read instructions?

Some people are very careless when reading instruction on a work task they've been given or in reading any other kind of text. They would skip some of the sentences, not get deep into other and ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

How many diagnosable mental disorders are there?

This Wikipedia page says: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is the American Psychiatric Association's standard reference for psychiatry which includes over 450 ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Does adopting personal routines accelerate cognitive decline?

Many people tend to automate many mundane daily tasks by adhering to a proven routine that works and that can be equivalent to a computer script with the person implementing it being equivalent to a ...
2
votes
0answers
25 views

What happens in the brain upon a subsequent exposure to a desired stimulus within a short time?

I'm trying to understand what happens within a person's brain when a focus on an object of desire is temporarily disrupted by an outside event. In particular, what happens when the person focuses on ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

Are there any conditions or disorders not related to intelligence that might prevent an adult human from possessing a theory of mind?

I am familiar with studies in which children are tested for theory of mind. In one such experiment, a story is told: Betty is playing with her doll in the bedroom. Then she has to go to school, so ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

How to avoid laziness? [closed]

I'm a computer programmer, I was in very critical stage of laziness. I having some family problems in my childhood, I was also very bad in my studies even i think that "I need to study well and get ...
3
votes
1answer
39 views

Is there any treatment for cognitive difficulties of patients with Parkinson's disease?

I've read some articles and science papers about Parkinson's disease and found out that many patients often have cognitive difficulties, if not all of them. For memory difficulty, medications to treat ...
6
votes
1answer
77 views

Does a loser prefer the winner to subsequently lose or win?

Most major league sports have some form of tournament bracket where there are several rounds of elimination before a winner is determined. In most of them, the winning team is undefeated over the ...
5
votes
2answers
100 views

Do different meta-cognitive measurements depend on the same mechanism?

There are different meta-cognitive judgments: feeling of knowing, ratings of warmth, confidence, judgments of learning, tip-of-the-tongue or not, insight or not, etc. Are these judgments based on ...
3
votes
2answers
228 views

Where does action based on thought originate within the human brain?

A rather basic question, but I don't see answer in Google, so here it goes: Humans have thoughts, sometimes these thoughts carry with them motivations to act, urges, cravings, etc. All these can make ...
7
votes
1answer
175 views

Is there a relation between speed of executing a task and ones intelligence?

I recently came across a code refactoring problem. Considering the risk of getting into a risky bug later I switched to my usual mode of think and solve it, rather than go and make the changes fast. ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

What can clinical psychologists do that psychiatrists can't do?

From Yahoo Answers: For example, I know that psychiatrists can prescribe medicine and psychologists CAN'T, but are there any things that clinical psychologists are specialised in that ...
8
votes
1answer
103 views

Are the physical sensations of an emotion due to neural activity strictly in the brain or also in the body?

Symptoms of anxiety and anger are often described as some sort of energetic sensation in my chest and sometimes face or arms. Are these sensations an 'illusion' from neural activity strictly in the ...
6
votes
1answer
103 views

Is thinking with language efficient?

I wondered, whether it is efficent to think with language (of course its efficient for communication). When Im thinking with long words, it takes longer than thinking with short words. Maybe thinking ...
4
votes
1answer
69 views

Why do people bite their nails even when they do not want to?

Why do people bite their nails? People seem to be doing it primarily while contemplating something, or during problem-solving tasks. They seem to understand it is a bad habit, and sometimes they seem ...
26
votes
7answers
4k views

What is the current “accepted” science behind dream interpretation?

I'm doing some casual reading about dream interpretation (meaning I'm reading the wikipedia entry) and the article mentions that there are several ways of thinking about dreams from a psychological ...
3
votes
0answers
51 views

What role (if any) does verbal intelligence play in one's aptitude for science or mathematics?

I am looking for scientific literature that suggests a link between verbal intelligence (i.e. one's capacity for reading comprehension and use of language) and one's aptitude for working with or ...