For questions focusing on the interaction of many internal mental processes. If your question involves only one of memory, attention, language, decision-making, or perception then use the associated specialized tag instead of cognitive-psychology.

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10
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4answers
3k views

Why is recognition easier than recall?

The main ways of memory retrieval are recognition and recall. Why has it been found that recognition is "easier" to perform, meaning it is usually faster or is more likely to yield an accurate ...
1
vote
1answer
124 views

How does look, tone and voice manipulate behavior

I am socially anxious person with wooden behavior and emotions. Unlike others, I try to suspend emotions and stay stoic when I feel uncomfortable. That's my weakness because I don't let others see how ...
10
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2answers
2k views

Motivation vs Goal Oriented Behavior

What's the difference between these two terms when used in the context of cognitive psychology? To the best of my knowledge, research on 'Goal Oriented Behavior' refers to the subset of motivation ...
4
votes
1answer
50 views

What human limitations are there to object tracking and recognition?

I'm thinking about trying to implement object recognition/tracking using a silicon retina (also known as the Dynamic Vision Sensor) and using the Semantic Pointer Architecture as my cognitive model. ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Why is it more acceptable to get rich doing sports than business?

I live in Finland where it is not acceptable to emphasize of being rich, eg. buying expensive sportcars/houses/apartments and introduce them on "yellow press". But there is one exception. If you have ...
4
votes
1answer
256 views

Does mental rigidity cause psychological problems? [closed]

Is there a correlation between mental disorders and mental rigidity? I would suspect that people that have very strong beliefs and never question them might become dysfunctional if the beliefs are ...
4
votes
1answer
76 views

What to call theory where next activity following a fun activity is also perceived as fun?

What is the name of the theory that states: "if someone is having fun beforehand, the next activity they do will also seem fun regardless of what the activity is." so like continuing fun... Any ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

If stimulus triggers dopamine release, can dopamine release trigger memory recall of stimulus?

Modern science of sleep is starting to lean towards a viewpoint that dopamine has an important function in dreaming, and that dopaminergic pathways - mesolimbic and mesocortical are activated during ...
7
votes
2answers
228 views

Name of the bias where someone really needs something after they find out it exists

I'm looking for the name of the cognitive bias that is expressed in the following story. A fellow coworker was instrumental in getting a 75 gallon fish tank installed in the lobby of the company that ...
0
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2answers
72 views

Which personality traits relate to prosocial values?

Which personality traits are strong in people with values such as: kindness humility sympathy empathy abnegation church-professed values solidarity love for others forgiving the other defending ...
0
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2answers
87 views

Is there a formal name for “I'm right, don't try to challenge me” / “if you push against me I will be 100x more stubborn” personality trait?

Some persons gets really annoyed if we try to demonstrate our thesis to them or to put in light that they are behaving in a childish way. Dale Carnegie, in his most famous book: ...
0
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1answer
44 views

Are cognitive biases hardwired in the brain or they are acquired during lifetime?

The Kahneman–Tversky interpretation of biases as deviation from rationality was challenged by Gigerenzer on the basis that heuristics help making decisions and, thus, rational from the evolutionary ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

Using CBT for a justified fear?

I am a speech language pathologist. I have a 19 year old patient who grew up with a number of different speech impediments (not a stutter). He was bullied a lot, and because of this he is very ...
2
votes
1answer
149 views

What is the most comprehensive system of describing human emotions or states of mind?

Reading about the human mind, I sometimes come across attempts to classify human emotions using various scales. The one that comes to mind most often is the 6 scale circle model shown below. Is ...
2
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0answers
77 views

Is memory biased towards positive or negative memories?

I am trying to understand the relationship between positive/negative memories and the congruence of memory to existing beliefs. These quotes are from Wikipedia, presented in alphabetical order: ...
7
votes
1answer
131 views

Is there evidence for a unique isolated internal representation of loved ones?

Some time ago, I've read that the most significant people in a person's life have their own internal representation/model of within the person's mind. For example: An internal representation of a ...
5
votes
0answers
71 views

Why has behaviourism fallen out of favour?

Despite the catchy title, I'm not interested in personal opinions here. I am however, interested in feedback on how to better phrase the question so as to avoid personal opinions. After some ...
1
vote
4answers
309 views

How to change someone's beliefs?

I tried to change my brother's beliefs. He gets motivated by some bad ideas. Following my attempt to change his beliefs, his beliefs have become even stronger.
2
votes
0answers
45 views

Can a person be able to objectively identify when and how their thinking process is being affected by cognitive biases?

or years, I've always thought I can do a pretty good job of identifying when I have committed a bias, fallacy or some other heuristic. I'm not saying I avoid them, but at least can admit to myself I ...
10
votes
1answer
157 views

Do people who lose their faith tend to replace it with other non-evidence-based reasoning?

I was watching this talk by Phil Plait given at TAM(The Amazing Meeting) 8. You can find a partial transcript here. It will help provide some context. In the talk he makes the following claim: ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

What makes trippy audiovisuals trippy?

There are quite a few videos on YouTube (search "trippy videos") that feel "trippy". From what I've heard, some psychedelic artists are just reproducing what they experience when they trip on drugs ...
-2
votes
1answer
55 views

Attitude to judge and avoid efforts [closed]

I've opened a question trying to point out every doubt I had on a language of development: I thought it could be constructive. I'm pretty proud of the formulation of this question since it gives ...
9
votes
2answers
150 views

Is reading from the screen more difficult than reading from paper and how can screen reading be made easier?

I've noticed that as a student when reading material, there is a choice between reading from the screen or reading from paper. When reading from paper I find that I concentrate more and that ...
0
votes
1answer
95 views

Is there a term for people who hate (or don't prefer ) things that are mainstream?

There are people who hate (or don't prefer ) things that are mainstream, is there a term for them ? Any references to cognitive reasons for some people being odd in that way would be helpful.
1
vote
2answers
47 views

Clarification on the definition of sublimation?

I'm reading the wikipedia article on sublimation. The article says: In psychology, sublimation is a mature type of defense mechanism where socially unacceptable impulses or idealizations are ...
0
votes
1answer
221 views

What is the difference between Behaviorism and Cognitivism?

Behaviorism vs. Cognitivism. I've been currently reading about the subject and I have trouble finding a definite difference between the two.
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Pupillometry: how long needs the pupil to respond towards an cognitive stimuli?

I would like to know if somebody could give me some literatur advice about the latency response of the pupil after a cognitive stimuli. I know that the light reflex response is quiet fast compared to ...
1
vote
2answers
105 views

About the possibility of 'Robot Psychology'

If a Robot system with an advanced A.I. operating system had the 'ability' to 'do' 'undirected' or 'semi-undirected' introspection and 'form' all sorts of 'thought' structures about any subject matter ...
0
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0answers
30 views

What are the underlying mechanisms for optimal bias

I have asked a question before about how does smoker's decision react to new personal health information. Link here. How do people estimate smoking's impact on their mortality? Now I have a ...
1
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8answers
2k views

What's the major difference between mind and brain?

I am preparing a presentation on "Mind Reading Computer", and all articles that I came across were focused on reading interpretations from brain through sensors. Articles like this clearly show a ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

How cognitive science explain the stylistic convention in text writing?

Some researchers and writers published books about this topic: how the psychology influence the taste of the readers. It's very intuitive that the word choice matters when we want to be persuasive, ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

About the Turing test and a Robot's psychology [duplicate]

If an A.I. system ( 'housed' in a Robotic exterior) actually passed the Turing test and was therefore 'functionally similar to the human 'mind-brain' would it also have the potential for information ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

What is the concept that schema is opposed to

From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schema_(psychology) In psychology and cognitive science, a schema (plural schemata or schemas) describes an organized pattern of thought or behavior that ...
6
votes
1answer
116 views

What is the psychology behind the need to be the centre of attention?

In conversations, there are often times when a member of the group will consistently divert the conversation back to their own topic (often to do with them). A 'pseudo-conversation' example: ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

Is there a name for having an obsessive interest in new topics for short periods of time?

I have the tendency to get obsessively interested in a subject for 2 weeks, get bored, and then move on to something else. For instance I have just started learning about chess and find myself ...
8
votes
1answer
202 views

What cognitive processes occur during a mental exhaustion or 'burnout'?

Mental burnout - or mental exhaustion is not very pleasant, when one feels completely overwhelmed, something 'snaps' and it is hard to concentrate and maintain motivation. What are the cognitive ...
5
votes
2answers
138 views

Are there NP-Hard or NP-Complete problems that humans a really good at solving?

It has been noted that humans are good at solving the travelling salesmen problem under certain constraints. Are there other NP-hard or NP-complete problems that human beings are good at solving? Has ...
2
votes
2answers
96 views

Can prosopagnostic (face-blind) people draw other people recognizably?

Is it possible for people with face blindness / prosopagnosia to draw other people (whose faces they cannot recognize) such that non-face-blind people can recognize the people being drawn ?
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Is there a psychometric tool for measuring the difficulty of mental activities?

It is often stated that Alzheimer's disease can be prevented to some extent when a person engages more often in challenging mental activities ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

How can I embed language proficiency assessment within an unrelated experiment design?

I'm in the process of designing a self-paced-reading & a grammaticality-judgment-task experiment, which should be performed by second language learners. It is crucial to the study is how the ...
2
votes
1answer
164 views

Why does munching sound unpleasant to most people? [closed]

When someone who eats food is munching, it sounds quite unpleasant for most of the people. What is the reason for this?
4
votes
0answers
55 views

Are innate intersubjectivity and theory of mind opposing theories or are they reconcilable?

What I get from Trevarthen's theory of innate intersubjectivity (2010) and the theory of theory of mind (Perner, 1999) is that they don't agree. A considerable number of studies in theory of mind ...
5
votes
0answers
50 views

How to compute auditory steady state responses?

Simple question: How does one usually go about computing an auditory steady state response (ASSR)? I have data where speech was amplitude modulated to a 40 Hz sine tone. There's 3.5 minutes of data; ...
5
votes
3answers
267 views

Why does your recorded or objective voice sound different to what you hear in your own head?

When speaking, I hear my own voice very differently from how others do and from what it really is. The sound differs in tone, pitch, volume, etc. For example, recordings of my singing or speaking in ...
6
votes
3answers
141 views

How does the brain compute sound localisation without the equations?

What sort of computations are used for localising sound with the ears, and how does the brain compute the time difference between sounds reaching each ear? I am interested in the specific mechanisms ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

Is there any scientific literature on the “shower principle” (i.e., taking a break from a task leads to unexpected insights)?

Folk cognitive psychology has it that doing activities that remove you from your intellectual work (such as taking a shower or, like Einstein is reported to have done when it a rut, playing the ...
45
votes
4answers
6k views

Does writing something down help memorize it?

This is a question inspired by this recent question on the Chinese Language & Usage website. Someone asked why they needed to learn how to write Chinese characters, since today we mostly use ...
5
votes
3answers
85 views

Is there a name for a scientist's resistance to disconfirmation of his or her theories?

Confirmation bias is the tendency to search for or interpret information in a way that confirms one's beliefs or hypotheses. And some results illustrate that people set higher standards of evidence ...
-1
votes
1answer
292 views

Most common cognitive biases? [closed]

I'm an amateur student of cognitive biases and psychological traps and have been reading some of the work of Kahneman, Tversky, Gilovich et al. along with more popular books like Cialdini's ...
2
votes
2answers
153 views

What is it called to think without language? Are there studies around it?

I think there are two types of thinking: With and without language. For my entire life, in my opinion I have always thought without language. Some ppl say its impossible and that we think with ...