For questions focusing on the interaction of many internal mental processes. If your question involves only one of memory, attention, language, decision-making, or perception then use the associated specialized tag instead of cognitive-psychology.

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2
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2answers
45 views

'Always Give a Reason Why' - How to describe this subject area?

I summarise http://rayedwards.com/always-give-a-reason-why/: In Dr. Robert Cialdini’s book, Influence, he cites a research study showing that simply adding the word “because” to a request ...
0
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0answers
22 views

How generalization affects self esteem

I am not much familiar with psychological concepts or cognitive science but I do much analyze my thoughts. One thing I suffer is generalization. For example if I receive reward in a situation or be ...
0
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1answer
37 views

Are cognitive biases hardwired in the brain or they are acquired during lifetime?

The Kahneman–Tversky interpretation of biases as deviation from rationality was challenged by Gigerenzer on the basis that heuristics help making decisions and, thus, rational from the evolutionary ...
3
votes
2answers
80 views

Using CBT for a justified fear?

I am a speech language pathologist. I have a 19 year old patient who grew up with a number of different speech impediments (not a stutter). He was bullied a lot, and because of this he is very ...
0
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0answers
19 views

Rogers' incogruence: which selves

I'm trying to understand Carl Rogers' humanistic approach to personality. AFAICT there are three kinds of self images: perceived self: what we believe we are ideal self: what we would like to be ...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

What is the most comprehensive system of describing human emotions or states of mind?

Reading about the human mind, I sometimes come across attempts to classify human emotions using various scales. The one that comes to mind most often is the 6 scale circle model shown below. Is ...
1
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0answers
33 views

Is memory biased towards positive or negative memories?

I am trying to understand the relationship between positive/negative memories and the congruence of memory to existing beliefs. These quotes are from Wikipedia, presented in alphabetical order: ...
7
votes
1answer
126 views

Is there evidence for a unique isolated internal representation of loved ones?

Some time ago, I've read that the most significant people in a person's life have their own internal representation/model of within the person's mind. For example: An internal representation of a ...
3
votes
0answers
48 views

Why has behaviourism fallen out of favour?

Despite the catchy title, I'm not interested in personal opinions here. I am however, interested in feedback on how to better phrase the question so as to avoid personal opinions. After some ...
1
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4answers
253 views

How to change someone's beliefs?

I tried to change my brother's beliefs. He gets motivated by some bad ideas. Following my attempt to change his beliefs, his beliefs have become even stronger.
1
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0answers
31 views

Can a person be able to objectively identify when and how their thinking process is being affected by cognitive biases?

or years, I've always thought I can do a pretty good job of identifying when I have committed a bias, fallacy or some other heuristic. I'm not saying I avoid them, but at least can admit to myself I ...
10
votes
1answer
144 views

Do people who lose their faith tend to replace it with other non-evidence-based reasoning?

I was watching this talk by Phil Plait given at TAM(The Amazing Meeting) 8. You can find a partial transcript here. It will help provide some context. In the talk he makes the following claim: ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

What makes trippy audiovisuals trippy?

There are quite a few videos on YouTube (search "trippy videos") that feel "trippy". From what I've heard, some psychedelic artists are just reproducing what they experience when they trip on drugs ...
-2
votes
1answer
53 views

Attitude to judge and avoid efforts [closed]

I've opened a question trying to point out every doubt I had on a language of development: I thought it could be constructive. I'm pretty proud of the formulation of this question since it gives ...
8
votes
2answers
147 views

Is reading from the screen more difficult than reading from paper and how can screen reading be made easier?

I've noticed that as a student when reading material, there is a choice between reading from the screen or reading from paper. When reading from paper I find that I concentrate more and that ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

Is there a term for people who hate (or don't prefer ) things that are mainstream?

There are people who hate (or don't prefer ) things that are mainstream, is there a term for them ? Any references to cognitive reasons for some people being odd in that way would be helpful.
1
vote
2answers
36 views

Clarification on the definition of sublimation?

I'm reading the wikipedia article on sublimation. The article says: In psychology, sublimation is a mature type of defense mechanism where socially unacceptable impulses or idealizations are ...
-1
votes
1answer
62 views

What is the difference between Behaviorism and Cognitivism?

Behaviorism vs. Cognitivism. I've been currently reading about the subject and I have trouble finding a definite difference between the two.
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Pupillometry: how long needs the pupil to respond towards an cognitive stimuli?

I would like to know if somebody could give me some literatur advice about the latency response of the pupil after a cognitive stimuli. I know that the light reflex response is quiet fast compared to ...
1
vote
2answers
101 views

About the possibility of 'Robot Psychology'

If a Robot system with an advanced A.I. operating system had the 'ability' to 'do' 'undirected' or 'semi-undirected' introspection and 'form' all sorts of 'thought' structures about any subject matter ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

What are the underlying mechanisms for optimal bias

I have asked a question before about how does smoker's decision react to new personal health information. Link here. How do people estimate smoking's impact on their mortality? Now I have a ...
1
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8answers
1k views

What's the major difference between mind and brain?

I am preparing a presentation on "Mind Reading Computer", and all articles that I came across were focused on reading interpretations from brain through sensors. Articles like this clearly show a ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

How cognitive science explain the stylistic convention in text writing?

Some researchers and writers published books about this topic: how the psychology influence the taste of the readers. It's very intuitive that the word choice matters when we want to be persuasive, ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

About the Turing test and a Robot's psychology [duplicate]

If an A.I. system ( 'housed' in a Robotic exterior) actually passed the Turing test and was therefore 'functionally similar to the human 'mind-brain' would it also have the potential for information ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

What is the concept that schema is opposed to

From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schema_(psychology) In psychology and cognitive science, a schema (plural schemata or schemas) describes an organized pattern of thought or behavior that ...
6
votes
1answer
106 views

What is the psychology behind the need to be the centre of attention?

In conversations, there are often times when a member of the group will consistently divert the conversation back to their own topic (often to do with them). A 'pseudo-conversation' example: ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Two types of routines

Can anyone one provide counterexamples to the following: The assumption that all human behavioural level activity (i.e. no sub-personal or subconscious processes) can be bifurcated into two kinds of ...
0
votes
1answer
83 views

Is there a name for having an obsessive interest in new topics for short periods of time?

I have the tendency to get obsessively interested in a subject for 2 weeks, get bored, and then move on to something else. For instance I have just started learning about chess and find myself ...
7
votes
1answer
185 views

What cognitive processes occur during a mental exhaustion or 'burnout'?

Mental burnout - or mental exhaustion is not very pleasant, when one feels completely overwhelmed, something 'snaps' and it is hard to concentrate and maintain motivation. What are the cognitive ...
5
votes
2answers
124 views

Are there NP-Hard or NP-Complete problems that humans a really good at solving?

It has been noted that humans are good at solving the travelling salesmen problem under certain constraints. Are there other NP-hard or NP-complete problems that human beings are good at solving? Has ...
2
votes
2answers
46 views

Can prosopagnostic (face-blind) people draw other people recognizably?

Is it possible for people with face blindness / prosopagnosia to draw other people (whose faces they cannot recognize) such that non-face-blind people can recognize the people being drawn ?
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Is there a psychometric tool for measuring the difficulty of mental activities?

It is often stated that Alzheimer's disease can be prevented to some extent when a person engages more often in challenging mental activities ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

How can I embed language proficiency assessment within an unrelated experiment design?

I'm in the process of designing a self-paced-reading & a grammaticality-judgment-task experiment, which should be performed by second language learners. It is crucial to the study is how the ...
2
votes
1answer
156 views

Why does munching sound unpleasant to most people? [closed]

When someone who eats food is munching, it sounds quite unpleasant for most of the people. What is the reason for this?
3
votes
0answers
46 views

Are innate intersubjectivity and theory of mind opposing theories or are they reconcilable?

What I get from Trevarthen's theory of innate intersubjectivity (2010) and the theory of theory of mind (Perner, 1999) is that they don't agree. A considerable number of studies in theory of mind ...
5
votes
0answers
49 views

How to compute auditory steady state responses?

Simple question: How does one usually go about computing an auditory steady state response (ASSR)? I have data where speech was amplitude modulated to a 40 Hz sine tone. There's 3.5 minutes of data; ...
5
votes
3answers
224 views

Why does your recorded or objective voice sound different to what you hear in your own head?

When speaking, I hear my own voice very differently from how others do and from what it really is. The sound differs in tone, pitch, volume, etc. For example, recordings of my singing or speaking in ...
6
votes
3answers
134 views

How does the brain compute sound localisation without the equations?

What sort of computations are used for localising sound with the ears, and how does the brain compute the time difference between sounds reaching each ear? I am interested in the specific mechanisms ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Is there any scientific literature on the “shower principle” (i.e., taking a break from a task leads to unexpected insights)?

Folk cognitive psychology has it that doing activities that remove you from your intellectual work (such as taking a shower or, like Einstein is reported to have done when it a rut, playing the ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Does nearing sleep onset distort our conscious imagination?

My imagination is pretty real, when I imagine lifting my hand there, I instantaneously feel it. But I tried to imagine at night on the bed that I am diving in the ocean, and every time I dive 1-2 ...
43
votes
4answers
5k views

Does writing something down help memorize it?

This is a question inspired by this recent question on the Chinese Language & Usage website. Someone asked why they needed to learn how to write Chinese characters, since today we mostly use ...
5
votes
3answers
84 views

Is there a name for a scientist's resistance to disconfirmation of his or her theories?

Confirmation bias is the tendency to search for or interpret information in a way that confirms one's beliefs or hypotheses. And some results illustrate that people set higher standards of evidence ...
-1
votes
1answer
273 views

Most common cognitive biases? [closed]

I'm an amateur student of cognitive biases and psychological traps and have been reading some of the work of Kahneman, Tversky, Gilovich et al. along with more popular books like Cialdini's ...
2
votes
2answers
150 views

What is it called to think without language? Are there studies around it?

I think there are two types of thinking: With and without language. For my entire life, in my opinion I have always thought without language. Some ppl say its impossible and that we think with ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Difference Between Schema and Mental Model

What are the differences between a schema and a mental model? Do they overlap, or is the mental model a subtype of the schema?
5
votes
2answers
2k views

What are the psychological mechanisms behind arrogance?

According to this Wiktionary defintion, arrogance is 1.The act or habit of arrogating, or making undue claims in an overbearing manner; that species of pride which consists in exorbitant claims ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Verifying this statement in a movie named Oculus

I just want to verify this statement if this is a fact. "When people can't process something horrible. The mind creates all kinds of protections to help them cope. Once that belief's taken root, ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

Do beavers make dams purely by instinct?

Do beavers use cognitive moves, learning, memory or skill acquisition in their life to build better? Or do they simply repeat instinctive gestures and end up with stereotyped architecture always?
4
votes
1answer
47 views

Reduction of the hippocampus due to childhood neglect/abuse

A Scientific American article, "Childhood Stress Decreases Size of Brain Regions", by Christie Nicholson briefly mentions the implications of childhood neglect and abuse on brain structures. I was ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Bibliographic references about the task of connecting information

I am a researcher in computer science, and I am looking for some literature in the field of psychology related to the task of connecting information; something like a study or a theory relevant to ...