For questions regarding the study of the underlying neural substrates of cognition, especially those at the crossroads of psychology and neurobiology

learn more… | top users | synonyms

4
votes
1answer
97 views

How does an understanding of the brain explain why people experience strong emotional responses to major sporting events?

Anyone know studies or theories that explain how massive competition events between countries or parties, like the Soccer World Cup Tournament finals or Olympic Games affect our brains? Why do people ...
4
votes
1answer
236 views

“Memory and the Computational Brain” by Gallistel & King

I am looking for opinions on this book particularly whether it is a suitable intro to the field of cognitive neuroscience. What I would not like is a book that is really a collage of introductory ...
4
votes
0answers
31 views

Is there any study about the impact on the continuous use of predictive keyboard by neurologically and psychologically health individuals?

As there is evidence of massive-scale emotional contagion through social networks, I'd like to know if any study has been made regarding predictive keyboards. Given the popularity of predictive ...
4
votes
0answers
29 views

Does testosterone level cause more sexual dream content?

I have long been interested in dreaming, including how dream content can shed some light on brain chemistry. I did a search on the subject of testosterone levels altering dream content and see some ...
4
votes
0answers
32 views

Is it possible that human behavior cannot be formalized as an optimization problem?

It is common to explain humans behavior by having the brain follow a certain objective function, that may have been formed through evolution. Given the objective function and infinite computing ...
4
votes
0answers
56 views

Why does learning new mental skills lead to headaches?

Why is deliberate practice uncomfortable? For example, during learning college math and playing the piano. Why do we get headaches after long hours of practice? According to this question, learning ...
4
votes
0answers
39 views

How common is it for twins conjoined at the head to share thoughts and visual stimuli?

I've always been interested in the possibility of a pair of conjoined twins, joined at the head, being able to read each other's thoughts, react to stimuli that one of them can't see/hear/feel, and ...
4
votes
0answers
100 views

Have any drugs been shown to increase the neuroplasticity of adult brains?

I read recently in the book "meet your happy chemicals" that the hormones of puberty are neurochemicals that cause your neurons to connect and myelinate more easily. If this is true have any studies ...
4
votes
0answers
65 views

Continuous Basic EEG analysis [closed]

So, I have continuous EEG data from a control group and a test group. The recording was done while the participants were at rest, so no task was performed. I want to start with some basic analysis, ...
4
votes
0answers
93 views

If stimulus triggers dopamine release, can dopamine release trigger memory recall of stimulus?

Modern science of sleep is starting to lean towards a viewpoint that dopamine has an important function in dreaming, and that dopaminergic pathways - mesolimbic and mesocortical are activated during ...
4
votes
0answers
34 views

Is the mind's adaptation to increased traveling speeds, physical or psychological?

When a motor vehicle increases in speed, we soon adjust to the faster pace of movement; seemingly by processing incoming information faster. Is this purely psychological, with the brain "dropping" ...
4
votes
1answer
145 views

Universal Mind? Nature or Nurture? [closed]

I have been reading a book entitled "The Geography of Thought" by Richard Nisbett. He talks about how easterners and westerners think differently. I am not all the way through it, but I agree with a ...
4
votes
0answers
83 views

What functions does the brain perform to recognize a familiar object unconsciously?

Let's say a person's brain experiences how a vehicle/object looks for the very 1st time. It would require lot of attention/focus/processing to analyse the object, extract features and train its neural ...
4
votes
0answers
74 views

Cognitive (neuro)science and related mailing lists

I am looking for cognitive neuroscience (and related) mailing lists. For some time I have been subscribed to Visionlist and found it to be a tremendous source of information about conferences, PhD and ...
4
votes
0answers
91 views

What is a good general reference on cognitive science in military training?

I know that one of the application of cognitive science is military science. Unfortunately I haven't found a good source on how cognitive science could benefit military training. Is there any ...
4
votes
0answers
78 views

What would happen if you saw no form of light for a year?

It's proven that low levels of dopamine result in depression, anxiety, etc. And low levels of dopamine just means a lack of production or intake by the dopaminergic receptors. If the lack of happiness ...
4
votes
0answers
66 views

What is the relationship between topographic maps and sensory memory?

Sensory maps are defined functionally: they exist for a certain time window, are overwritten quickly, are generally inaccessible to introspective control. Topographic maps are defined biologically: ...
4
votes
0answers
72 views

Can split-brain patients sleep like whales?

Regular split-brain patients still have some remaining connection between the hemispheres, but would it be possible for their hemispheres to fall asleep independent of the other? What about when not ...
4
votes
0answers
119 views

How do auditory and visual hallucinations differ within the brain?

I asked this question How are hallucinations generated, is it related to dreaming?. It occurs to me that auditory hallucinations may well be generated in a different part of the brain to visual ...
4
votes
0answers
81 views

Are we to a point in research that we can correlate measurable phenomena with brain changes?

Given that Long Term Potentiation (LTP) is the process of improving synaptic efficacy. Given that within a lab, the strength and repetition of stimulus on the brain can be linked with the priming of ...
4
votes
0answers
62 views

How do humans perceive height or vertical drop?

I'm looking at this video: Neil Burgess: How your brain tells you where you are, which discusses neurons within the brain that help people remember where stuff is in relation to other objects. I'm ...
3
votes
3answers
118 views

Failing to recognise one's own work

Disclaimer: This is not a self help question, I am using myself as an example to illustrate my question. Example: I have posted many questions and answers on this site within a relatively short ...
3
votes
3answers
282 views

How did the unique features of human intelligence evolve?

I have been debating the following topic with a friend. She argues that humans do not descend from chimpanzees or orang-utans, because if we did, such animals would share the same cognitive thinking ...
3
votes
2answers
122 views

Can normal brain activity arise from no (or random) brain activity?

I wonder how stable the brain is as a dynamical system. In other words, how important the state (current activation) of the brain is for its further functioning. Would the brain recover from a state ...
3
votes
2answers
151 views

Neurosurgically grown neural link between two brains?

I guess it's possible to surgically restore neural connection after a trauma (e.g. a severed hand can be reattached if done quickly). And, from history of evolution of hominids, it seems that just by ...
3
votes
2answers
117 views

Can a brain be modeled as a simplified interaction of different states and their triggers?

I've long been interested in the concept of "states of mind", which influence the perception of the outside world and outlook on past, present and future. They can be thought of as "colored lenses" ...
3
votes
2answers
83 views

Are action potentials necessary for experience?

We know that, for example, during brain surgery, electrical stimulation in certain parts of the cortex is sufficient for experience, and result in reportable experiences in human subjects. We also ...
3
votes
2answers
155 views

Binary classification as a cognitive strategy?

Is there any research investigating whether the human cognitive system has a tendency to reduce complex systems or spectra of data in terms of binary contrast? There are many common-sense dual ...
3
votes
2answers
766 views

What is the maximum size of content the human eye can focus upon?

What is the maximum size of content the human eye can focus upon on a computer screen? Is there a general equation that gives this size as a measure of distance from the screen etc.? What is the ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

How do people with a split brain experience reality?

Some people with severe epileptic seizures have the connection between their two brain halves cut. How appears reality for them, and why does this procedure helps them?
3
votes
1answer
66 views

Information storage capacity of a neural network?

I seem to remember reading about some equation that states the amount of information that can be held by a neural network with n neurons in it arranged in l layers, or something vaguely like that (n ...
3
votes
1answer
93 views

Is consciousness a sub product of the brain or is there a duality? [duplicate]

I am trying to understand what consciousness is, based on my basic knowledge of our senses, artificial intelligence (computer vision, specifically) and some philosophy. Here's my reasoning: As far as ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

What is the neurobiological difference between Jungian Judging and Perceiving individual?

Jungian or Myers Briggs type indicator reserves the last letter of a 4 letter archetype to stand for Judging or Perceiving. Part of being a Judging type is punctuality - being on time, keeping ...
3
votes
4answers
152 views

Different neural structures for quick vs. methodical decision making

In the book "Thinking, Fast and Slow", the author claims that there are two systems of thinking. System 1 is quick, instinctive and emotionally driven while System 2 is more logical and deliberate. ...
3
votes
1answer
302 views

Neuroplasticity and Treatment of Depression

After reading 'The Brain That Changes Itself' by Norman Doidge, 'The Mind and The Brain' by Jeffrey Schwartz and a few other books, I've become curious about the science of neuroplasticity, which, as ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

What is the purpose of hemispheric specialisation in the brain?

What is the benefit or purpose of having different hemispheres of the brain contribute more to different cognitive processes?
3
votes
1answer
57 views

What is forward masking

I am trying to understand what is visual masking (or more specificaly forward masking). I have read the explanation here, but still.. I understand that a background can interfere with a frontal ...
3
votes
1answer
41 views

What brain areas are involved in memorizing sections of a song?

Typically when I listen to a song, the song will have different sections (e.g. chorus, verses, etc). As a composer, I have found that many songs use this structure to create a sense of repetition and ...
3
votes
1answer
35 views

How to get anatomical masks?

I recently read a paper called "An automated labeling system for subdividing the human cerebral cortex on MRI scans into gyral based regions". I want to use the ...
3
votes
2answers
242 views

Brain's differences in introverts vs. extroverts

I know that introverts have a higher sensitivity to dopamine, for example. Are there are other chemical and neuronal differences?
3
votes
3answers
51 views

Are there any programmes to identify modular “NeuroBricks”?

In synthetic biology, an organization called the BioBricks Foundation tries to identify modular biological components that are amenable to engineering design, and publishes them in the Registry of ...
3
votes
1answer
399 views

Is it possible to detect the mental flow state with EEG?

I know that it is possible to detect "focus" with a consumer EEG with a single electrode and a reference point (ear clip), even without conductive gel, but is it possible to detect a flow state with ...
3
votes
1answer
99 views

Relation between Nengo, SPA and NEF with respect to other Neural Models

I'm working through How to Build a Brain and I keep getting confused on the relation between Nengo, the Semantic Pointer Architecture (SPA) and the Neurological Engineering Framework (NEF). Are there ...
3
votes
1answer
252 views

How far can we train mental calculation?

Mental calculators are people with a prodigious ability in some area of mental calculation, such as multiplying large numbers or factoring large numbers. Unfortunately I forgot where I heard it, but ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

Is it possible to read words a person thinking about via EEG headsets?

There are now a number of EEG headsets that can capture bran signals and give you raw EEG data from brain. EPOC Emotiv is one the famous one with I guess 14 channel. Now as the title of this post ...
3
votes
1answer
49 views

How to explain utility function from personality, beliefs and ongoing emotions?

Economists widely use utility function (and more broader approach called hedonistic regression) but are there explanations or derivations of utility function from the perspective of cognitive sciences ...
3
votes
3answers
96 views

Can repetitive sports-related head injuries make a person senile many years later?

Would repetitive football injuries to the cranium show up decades later, causing symptoms resembling mild retardation, OCD, etc.? What is the best way to determine this in terms of imaging, testing, ...
3
votes
1answer
112 views

How does the brain know whether or not it comprehends a novel concept?

There seem to be at least two kinds of confusion regarding novel concepts. In one, the brain simply can't form an abstract model from whatever information is being presented. It's where you can't "...
3
votes
1answer
130 views

Do different methods of testing memory for character sequences result in different brain activation?

Assume a certain sequence of N characters, displayed on a screen one by one, that should be memorized. The speed of the display is such that it doesn't produce much extra stress. You may assume that ...
3
votes
1answer
58 views

What are “linear spatial weightings” and “specific temporal windows” in Philiastides & Sajda (2006)?

I am undergraduate student in mathematics and a complete beginner in the field of neuroscience. I recently started a project in Mathematical biology which brought me to the above mentioned paper. I ...