For questions about models and theoretical idealizations of cognitive processes in humans or other animals. Examples include computational, mathematical, and conceptual models.

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8
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2answers
184 views

The prisoner dilemma does not violate classical probability laws

To read before (following some answers or comments) My background: As a mathematician, probability theory is my field of research; please do not answer/comment just to refer to a course on ...
1
vote
1answer
10 views

relation of substantive/verb to declarative/procedural memory

Is there a relation between "declarative vs. procedural memory" and "substantive vs. verb"? For example, are substantives (as a kind of information entities) stored in the declarative memory whereas ...
0
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1answer
5 views

Neuroanatomical mapping of production compilation

ACT-R and Spaun map their production rule system onto the the basal ganglia and thalamus. However, I haven't been able to find how ACT-R maps production rule compilation onto the basal ganglia or ...
14
votes
0answers
280 views

Does dream recall interfere with “reverse learning”? (Crick and Mitchison's theory of REM sleep)

I've recently became aware of the idea of "reverse learning" that might happen during REM sleep - the brain's attempt to eliminate pathological attractors that might appear in neural networks. The ...
5
votes
0answers
29 views

Is it possible to imitate two way communication between a brain and a limb?

Human muscles are controlled by action potentials that travel along the nerves. Below is an image of a train of action potentials that are decoded by the brain into a sensation or interpreted by a ...
4
votes
0answers
27 views

Which executive function assessment has the most cognitive models?

Wikipedia has a handy list of assessments of executive functions. I recognize a few of them (Tower of Hanoi, Wisconsin Card Sorting), however, what is the most modeled task and what reasons do ...
4
votes
0answers
80 views

What is a good general reference on cognitive science in military training?

I know that one of the application of cognitive science is military science. Unfortunately I haven't found a good source on how cognitive science could benefit military training. Is there any ...
4
votes
0answers
221 views

Need a definition of Cognitive Simplicity (or Complexity) that would appeal to a wide audience

Everyone in my organization wants to make our products & website as simple as possible for our customers. My concern is that "simple" means different things to different people. I'm looking for a ...
4
votes
0answers
192 views

Test-retest reliability of Iowa gambling task performance and Expectancy Valence Model parameters

I've just been learning about the Expectancy Valence Model of the Iowa Gambling Task (see Busemeyer & Stout, 2002; Yechiam et al 2005). The model includes three parameters: motivation, ...
3
votes
0answers
34 views

What's the difference between metaphor and conceptual blending?

A "metaphor" seems to be just the discourse-level result of a conceptual blend. If you're more of a Lakoff-guy, I could see you claiming "metaphor", especially a "conceptual metaphor" to be the same ...
3
votes
0answers
72 views

How do patients with Cotard's Syndrome rationalize environmental interactions?

A patient with Cotard's Syndrome (also called "Cotard delusion" and "Walking Corpse Syndrome") has the delusion that he or she is dead (and sometimes immortal), either figuratively or literally, yet ...
3
votes
0answers
43 views

How do mammals explore state spaces in reinforcement learning tasks?

Reinforcement learning is the act of learning how to preform a task given punishment and reward. A "state-space" is the space of choices in a context. When performing a reinforcement learning task, is ...
3
votes
0answers
75 views

Predicting the Duration of Future Events

I am interested in the question of how people use/integrate previous experiences with instances of tasks or events to make predictions about the duration of future instances of tasks/events. To ...
2
votes
0answers
10 views

Do synapses have special types?

I assume synapses/dendrites/axons are relations which connect one entity/neuron to another, for example: a car is a vehicle: "is" relation Bob has a sister: "has" relation etc. I would just ...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

Are Free Will and Motivation related?

I'm aware of numerous experiments, like Stanford prison experiment, Milgram experiment which indicate that humans can act in ways opposite to their best intentions. For the purposes of this ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

Are there cognitive models that distinguish semantic and episodic memory?

From various amnesia cases it has been shown that semantic and episodic memories reside in different parts of the brain. Are there any cognitive models that distinguish these two types of memories? If ...
2
votes
0answers
65 views

How can Semantic Pointer Architecture be used to capture dynamical systems?

Most uses of SPA I've seen seem to be representing static systems, such as recognizing digits, categorizing images, rapid variable creation and planning a path for writing those digits back out. Can ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

Bibliographic references about the task of connecting information

I am a researcher in computer science, and I am looking for some literature in the field of psychology related to the task of connecting information; something like a study or a theory relevant to ...
1
vote
0answers
6 views

How can higher concepts get unrolled with upward and feedback connections differing?

In the neocortex, input patterns are compressed hierarchically. Sensory inputs in the lower levels are combined by higher levels to form abstract concepts. However, there are even more feedback ...
1
vote
0answers
7 views

Reinforcement learning for combining production rules

I'm trying to create a system that learns the Tower of Hanoi puzzle. The system I'm working off of uses a production system (similar to ACT-R), but uses hard-coded production rules. I know that Neil ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Is there evidence to suggest that the different and contrasting behaviours we collectively call 'sensitive' have a common root cause?

There appear to be two different meanings of the word 'sensitive' when describing people's behaviour: that the person being described lacks the emotional resilience to cope with an everyday ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Is there any good Cognitive Architecture to model intelligent tutoring system?

Being a bugging AI and CogSci researcher i have so far found J.Andersons Act-R based ITS(Intelligent tutoring system) model,it seems very laborious. Is there any good current day Cognitive ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Thinking about something vs. doing something

In computer programming, when a program analyzes itself, we call it "reflection" or "introspection". Example: A program has several features. When the program runs, it can analyze itself to determine ...
0
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0answers
14 views

Human reasoning as decidable fragments or approximations of otherwise undecidable logics - cognitive explanation?

There are a lot of modal logics (especially BDI logics and KARO framework) and higher order logics that initially aimed at understanding and simulating human reasoning. After years of research the ...
0
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0answers
23 views

Reciting Reverse Order Alphabet vs Reverse Order Counting

Observation A: It's easy to recite the alphabet. It's hard to recite the alphabet backwards. Observation B: It's easy to recite the number 1 to 26. It's easy to recite the number 1 to 26 backwards. ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Phycological model for use in a game engine

Pardon me if I use any incorrect terminology, but I am not very familiar with the field of psychology. Are there any (preferably somewhat prevalent) cognitive models of human behavior that might be ...
0
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0answers
19 views

Cognitive Models of learning Working Memory usage

Recently in deep learning, there's been a surge in learning how to use memories as part of the optimisation process (i.e. LSTM's and Stacks). However, these aren't really analogous to how a cognitive ...
0
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0answers
18 views

Is there evidence of neurons corresponding to the certainty of next input prediction?

I think the levels of the hierarchically structured neocortex try to predict their next input. If so, is there a mechanism of measure of certainty in that prediction? For example a high prediction ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Is there any behavioral experiment which gathers information from mobile apps or sites?

I'm wondering if there any apps gathering users behaviours and usage information from mobile app or site, and than informing them about that. Because I know there is a lot of experiments and A/B tests ...