For questions about models and theoretical idealizations of cognitive processes in humans or other animals. Examples include computational, mathematical, and conceptual models.

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14
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307 views

Does dream recall interfere with “reverse learning”? (Crick and Mitchison's theory of REM sleep)

I've recently became aware of the idea of "reverse learning" that might happen during REM sleep - the brain's attempt to eliminate pathological attractors that might appear in neural networks. The ...
6
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0answers
45 views

What is the relationship between practice and performance of telephone call centre workers?

I am interested in modelling the relationship between practice and performance both in laboratory tasks and field settings. I was interested in what existing research has examined how the performance ...
5
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0answers
29 views

Is it possible to imitate two way communication between a brain and a limb?

Human muscles are controlled by action potentials that travel along the nerves. Below is an image of a train of action potentials that are decoded by the brain into a sensation or interpreted by a ...
4
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0answers
28 views

Which executive function assessment has the most cognitive models?

Wikipedia has a handy list of assessments of executive functions. I recognize a few of them (Tower of Hanoi, Wisconsin Card Sorting), however, what is the most modeled task and what reasons do ...
4
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0answers
93 views

What is a good general reference on cognitive science in military training?

I know that one of the application of cognitive science is military science. Unfortunately I haven't found a good source on how cognitive science could benefit military training. Is there any ...
4
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0answers
284 views

Need a definition of Cognitive Simplicity (or Complexity) that would appeal to a wide audience

Everyone in my organization wants to make our products & website as simple as possible for our customers. My concern is that "simple" means different things to different people. I'm looking for a ...
4
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0answers
205 views

Test-retest reliability of Iowa gambling task performance and Expectancy Valence Model parameters

I've just been learning about the Expectancy Valence Model of the Iowa Gambling Task (see Busemeyer & Stout, 2002; Yechiam et al 2005). The model includes three parameters: motivation, learning-...
3
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13 views

What cognitive architectures out there combine multiple sensor streams?

It seems like most cognitive architectures are evaluated on toy problems that do not challenge more than one sense (usually the visual one). What neuronal cognitive architectures were evaluated in the ...
3
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0answers
38 views

What's the difference between metaphor and conceptual blending?

A "metaphor" seems to be just the discourse-level result of a conceptual blend. If you're more of a Lakoff-guy, I could see you claiming "metaphor", especially a "conceptual metaphor" to be the same ...
3
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81 views

How do patients with Cotard's Syndrome rationalize environmental interactions?

A patient with Cotard's Syndrome (also called "Cotard delusion" and "Walking Corpse Syndrome") has the delusion that he or she is dead (and sometimes immortal), either figuratively or literally, yet ...
3
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0answers
44 views

How do mammals explore state spaces in reinforcement learning tasks?

Reinforcement learning is the act of learning how to preform a task given punishment and reward. A "state-space" is the space of choices in a context. When performing a reinforcement learning task, is ...
3
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0answers
75 views

Predicting the Duration of Future Events

I am interested in the question of how people use/integrate previous experiences with instances of tasks or events to make predictions about the duration of future instances of tasks/events. To ...
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0answers
12 views

How can higher concepts get unrolled with upward and feedback connections differing?

In the neocortex, input patterns are compressed hierarchically. Sensory inputs in the lower levels are combined by higher levels to form abstract concepts. However, there are even more feedback ...
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49 views

Are Free Will and Motivation related?

I'm aware of numerous experiments, like Stanford prison experiment, Milgram experiment which indicate that humans can act in ways opposite to their best intentions. For the purposes of this question,...
2
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0answers
28 views

Are there cognitive models that distinguish semantic and episodic memory?

From various amnesia cases it has been shown that semantic and episodic memories reside in different parts of the brain. Are there any cognitive models that distinguish these two types of memories? If ...
2
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0answers
35 views

Bibliographic references about the task of connecting information

I am a researcher in computer science, and I am looking for some literature in the field of psychology related to the task of connecting information; something like a study or a theory relevant to ...
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0answers
31 views

Are cognitive maps still widely studied within psychology? Why or why not?

Cognitive maps refer to mental representations of physical spaces. It seems like the work on this concept dropped off significantly in the 1990s but I’m not in the field, so I can’t say for sure. Are ...
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17 views

How does the brain encode order of information in sentences/stories?

When memorizing a sentence or a full story: then, how does the brain encode the order of the words of the sentence or the sentences in the story?
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0answers
46 views

Reciting Reverse Order Alphabet vs Reverse Order Counting

Observation A: It's easy to recite the alphabet. It's hard to recite the alphabet backwards. Observation B: It's easy to recite the number 1 to 26. It's easy to recite the number 1 to 26 backwards. ...
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12 views

Reinforcement learning for combining production rules

I'm trying to create a system that learns the Tower of Hanoi puzzle. The system I'm working off of uses a production system (similar to ACT-R), but uses hard-coded production rules. I know that Neil ...
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0answers
19 views

Is there evidence to suggest that the different and contrasting behaviours we collectively call 'sensitive' have a common root cause?

There appear to be two different meanings of the word 'sensitive' when describing people's behaviour: that the person being described lacks the emotional resilience to cope with an everyday ...
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0answers
29 views

Is there any good Cognitive Architecture to model intelligent tutoring system?

Being a bugging AI and CogSci researcher i have so far found J.Andersons Act-R based ITS(Intelligent tutoring system) model,it seems very laborious. Is there any good current day Cognitive ...
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13 views

How does Embodied Cognition evaluate the acquisition of concepts?

For the approach of Embodied Cognition to the Symbol Grounding Problem, how are the accuracy of concepts generally evaluated? Spaun is an example of Embodied Cognition in the way that the ...
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7 views

What has been proven on the Elaboration Likelihood Model?

What is proven about Elaboration Likelihood Model? Is it proven that we in some way use two different "routes" of thinking? Is it proven that certain situations tend to trigger certain cognitive ...
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7 views

Are some people better at using system 2/Central Route than others?

Are there any scientific research papers proving that some people tend to use their system 2/Central Route more than others?
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25 views

Thinking about something vs. doing something

In computer programming, when a program analyzes itself, we call it "reflection" or "introspection". Example: A program has several features. When the program runs, it can analyze itself to determine ...
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16 views

Human reasoning as decidable fragments or approximations of otherwise undecidable logics - cognitive explanation?

There are a lot of modal logics (especially BDI logics and KARO framework) and higher order logics that initially aimed at understanding and simulating human reasoning. After years of research the ...
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17 views

Phycological model for use in a game engine

Pardon me if I use any incorrect terminology, but I am not very familiar with the field of psychology. Are there any (preferably somewhat prevalent) cognitive models of human behavior that might be ...
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0answers
20 views

Is there evidence of neurons corresponding to the certainty of next input prediction?

I think the levels of the hierarchically structured neocortex try to predict their next input. If so, is there a mechanism of measure of certainty in that prediction? For example a high prediction ...