# Tagged Questions

For questions about models and theoretical idealizations of cognitive processes in humans or other animals. Examples include computational, mathematical, and conceptual models.

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### Which equation is Ebbinghaus's forgetting curve and what do the constants represent?

First off, I've come across two different forgetting curve equations. $$R = e^{-\large \frac{t}{s}}$$ where $R$ is retention, $t$ is time and $s$ is strength can be found on Wikipedia. And b = \...
1answer
50 views

### What is the scientific definition of Introversion/Extroversion?

Personally I believe introvert and extrovert are one of the most thrown around and misused words. I would go as far to say as what they mean in common everyday English is not the same as what they ...
0answers
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### Brain cell temperature [closed]

Given: a brain cell has an average temperature, T. If: perpetual brain activity pattern, X ; has an average conductive resistance, R; Therefore: Could it be rationally assumed that activity ...
0answers
45 views

### What is the relationship between practice and performance of telephone call centre workers?

I am interested in modelling the relationship between practice and performance both in laboratory tasks and field settings. I was interested in what existing research has examined how the performance ...
2answers
297 views

### References for biologically plausible models of knowledge representation?

I'm looking for references that deal with the issue of how various kinds of semantic knowledge are (or might be) represented neurally. Most of the discussion of this topic seems skewed by social ...
1answer
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### Do synapses have special types?

I assume synapses/dendrites/axons are relations which connect one entity/neuron to another, for example: a car is a vehicle: "is" relation Bob has a sister: "has" relation etc. I would just ...
2answers
267 views

### The prisoner dilemma does not violate classical probability laws

To read before (following some answers or comments) My background: As a mathematician, probability theory is my field of research; please do not answer/comment just to refer to a course on ...
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31 views

### Are cognitive maps still widely studied within psychology? Why or why not?

Cognitive maps refer to mental representations of physical spaces. It seems like the work on this concept dropped off significantly in the 1990s but I’m not in the field, so I can’t say for sure. Are ...
0answers
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### Advantages of Nengo for memory related tasks [closed]

What are some of the advantages Nengo offer as a framework for modeling memory related cognitive processes?
1answer
61 views

### How does the brain structure 3D visual data?

Adobe Illustrator has taken over five minutes (and counting) to render a vector 2D image rotated 18° in 3D on my computer. And yet, I and nearly anyone else can easily visualize the subject rotated ...
0answers
17 views

### How does the brain encode order of information in sentences/stories?

When memorizing a sentence or a full story: then, how does the brain encode the order of the words of the sentence or the sentences in the story?
0answers
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### How does Embodied Cognition evaluate the acquisition of concepts?

For the approach of Embodied Cognition to the Symbol Grounding Problem, how are the accuracy of concepts generally evaluated? Spaun is an example of Embodied Cognition in the way that the ...
1answer
37 views

### Neuronal differences of linguistic statements [closed]

Assuming that the brain (structure) is only constructed using neurons and synapses, then what is the difference between the following linguistic statements from a 'mechanical point of view'? Bob is ...
3answers
142 views

### Is there a neural network model of Pavlovian Learning?

I am trying to find a computer simulation of Pavlovian learning. i.e. an action such as salivation in response to a stimulus such as a bell ringing. Most neural network models I've seen seem to be ...
1answer
118 views

### What is the ACT-R model of learning?

I am reading this paper titled: Effect of Temporal Spacing between Advertising Exposures In this paper, the author mentions the ACT-R model and how it explains an ...
1answer
92 views

### How can Semantic Pointer Architecture be used to capture dynamical systems?

Most uses of SPA I've seen seem to be representing static systems, such as recognizing digits, categorizing images, rapid variable creation (also called "completing a pattern") and planning a path for ...
2answers
74 views

### Cognitive Models of learning Working Memory usage

Recently in deep learning, there's been a surge in learning how to use memories as part of the optimisation process (i.e. LSTM's and Stacks). However, these aren't really analogous to how a cognitive ...
1answer
70 views

### How to interpret neuron spiking models one comes across in literature?

Background I'm in high school currently conducting research (obviously it is relatively rudimentary compared to what is being done in the labs, etc.) in computational neuroscience. I'm dealing with ...
1answer
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### I need good introductory texts/publications on brain networks and functional integration/segregation

I am a soon to be graduating applied mathematician interviewing for a research position soon in a lab considered with neurological imaging and association of brain networks with things like aging, ...
0answers
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### What cognitive architectures out there combine multiple sensor streams?

It seems like most cognitive architectures are evaluated on toy problems that do not challenge more than one sense (usually the visual one). What neuronal cognitive architectures were evaluated in the ...
1answer
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### relation of substantive/verb to declarative/procedural memory

Is there a relation between "declarative vs. procedural memory" and "substantive vs. verb"? For example, are substantives (as a kind of information entities) stored in the declarative memory whereas ...
0answers
7 views

### What has been proven on the Elaboration Likelihood Model?

What is proven about Elaboration Likelihood Model? Is it proven that we in some way use two different "routes" of thinking? Is it proven that certain situations tend to trigger certain cognitive ...
0answers
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### Are some people better at using system 2/Central Route than others?

Are there any scientific research papers proving that some people tend to use their system 2/Central Route more than others?
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### How to computationally model the Wisconsin Card Sorting task?

The Wisconsin Card Sorting task is rather famous but appears to be quite difficult to model computationally. I work in RL and I am interested in how people learn the optimal strategy. I'm interested ...
2answers
42 views

### How are positions and counts of higher concepts encoded in sparse representations?

I understand that levels in the sensorimotor hierarchy of the brain learn recurring features of their input streams. The results are activation patterns with single neurons firing for the existence of ...
1answer
9 views

### Neuroanatomical mapping of production compilation

ACT-R and Spaun map their production rule system onto the the basal ganglia and thalamus. However, I haven't been able to find how ACT-R maps production rule compilation onto the basal ganglia or ...
0answers
25 views

### Thinking about something vs. doing something

In computer programming, when a program analyzes itself, we call it "reflection" or "introspection". Example: A program has several features. When the program runs, it can analyze itself to determine ...
1answer
37 views

### Empirical proof for social network models

I've recently encountered the domain of social network modelling while reading the papers on models of strategic voting (unpublished), opinion dynamics and influence spread. All of these papers ...
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### Human reasoning as decidable fragments or approximations of otherwise undecidable logics - cognitive explanation?

There are a lot of modal logics (especially BDI logics and KARO framework) and higher order logics that initially aimed at understanding and simulating human reasoning. After years of research the ...
0answers
12 views

### How can higher concepts get unrolled with upward and feedback connections differing?

In the neocortex, input patterns are compressed hierarchically. Sensory inputs in the lower levels are combined by higher levels to form abstract concepts. However, there are even more feedback ...
1answer
21 views

### Is k-winner a biological plausible model of inhibition?

In the Leabra cognitive architecture, sparse representations are created by simply ignoring all but the k strongest activations, if I understand correctly. In Hierarchical Temporal Memory, instead, ...
1answer
24 views

### How do neuro transmitters interact with neurons in the brain?

I think emotions and hormones frames the overall thinking processes of the brain. However, I'm interested in how this works on a neuronal level. For example, dopamine is some kind of reward signal for ...
0answers
46 views

### Reciting Reverse Order Alphabet vs Reverse Order Counting

Observation A: It's easy to recite the alphabet. It's hard to recite the alphabet backwards. Observation B: It's easy to recite the number 1 to 26. It's easy to recite the number 1 to 26 backwards. ...
1answer
35 views

### Toolbox for modelling visual search performance

I'm looking for a toolbox to model visual search performance in a singleton search task based on line orientations (you need to find a line that is most different from all others in it's orientation). ...
0answers
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### Phycological model for use in a game engine

Pardon me if I use any incorrect terminology, but I am not very familiar with the field of psychology. Are there any (preferably somewhat prevalent) cognitive models of human behavior that might be ...
0answers
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### Is there evidence of neurons corresponding to the certainty of next input prediction?

I think the levels of the hierarchically structured neocortex try to predict their next input. If so, is there a mechanism of measure of certainty in that prediction? For example a high prediction ...
1answer
56 views

### What is known about the information that's passed upwards within the neocortex?

The neocortex is likely to process sparse representations in a hierarchy with information close to the raw sensor input appearing in lower levels and abstract concepts being appearing in higher levels....
1answer
147 views

### Is there a reasonable scientific backing for Carl Jung's type theories?

I have read a lot on how most psychologists reject the Myers Briggs Type Indicator for its lack of scientific backing, but I have yet to find much information on the acceptance of Carl Jung's theories,...
1answer
27 views

### How is memory accounted for in the NEF?

The Neurological Engineering Framework can be used to create systems that use memory in interesting ways. One system (Spaun) is able to memorize (and forget) lists much in the same way as humans do. ...
1answer
92 views

### link between top-down (bottom-up) processing and cortex layers

What are the relations between top-down and bottom-up processings and the flows of information in the brain? For example, does top-down processing start from some layers and go to lower layers? If so ...
1answer
35 views

### Difference vs. Ratio of evidence in sequential sampling models

In sequential sampling models - for instance Ratcliff and Smith, (2006) - participants' responses in a binary choice experiment are modelled by a particle, which moves up or down towards the ...
1answer
46 views

### In ACT-R difference between declarative and working memory

I'm currently studying PRIMs within the context of ACT-R by reading these two papers. In the papers, there are references to both declarative and working memory modules of ACT-R. What is the ...
2answers
118 views

### Can a brain be modeled as a simplified interaction of different states and their triggers?

I've long been interested in the concept of "states of mind", which influence the perception of the outside world and outlook on past, present and future. They can be thought of as "colored lenses" ...
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### What are good examples of applying dynamical systems in cognitive science?

I'm a mathematics and physics student very much interested in cognitive science. Recently I've been hearing about "a new approach" in cognitive science via dynamical system theory. What are some ...
0answers
49 views

### Are Free Will and Motivation related?

I'm aware of numerous experiments, like Stanford prison experiment, Milgram experiment which indicate that humans can act in ways opposite to their best intentions. For the purposes of this question,...
1answer
35 views

### How to get anatomical masks?

I recently read a paper called "An automated labeling system for subdividing the human cerebral cortex on MRI scans into gyral based regions". I want to use the ...
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### How to make a comparative analysis between the decision-making robots and human? [closed]

I have the challenge of finding a way to model, develop, validate and implement an artificial cognitive architecture for mobile robots for industrial environment. In my present scope of the questions ...
1answer
152 views

### What are other methods to induce ego depletion besides using emotional videos and thought suppression?

Muraven and Baumeister (2000) proposed that self-control is a limited resource akin to strength or a muscle, to deplete this limited resource leads to subsequent self-regulatory failure. Ego depletion,...
1answer
57 views

### How are real life events translated into dream symbolism?

I'm interested in how significant events from daily life get encoded or translated into dream content. A personal observation can help clarify my question: I've observed that for me, "significant, ...
11answers
672 views

### Any work being done on Perception, Action, and/or Cognition in Video games?

Call it a nerd crossover, but I've always been curious about how we play games on a mechanistic level. However, even coming from a rational viewpoint video games seem like a fruitful domain of study, ...