For questions about models and theoretical idealizations of cognitive processes in humans or other animals. Examples include computational, mathematical, and conceptual models.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

2
votes
0answers
6 views

Which executive function assessment has the most cognitive models?

Wikipedia has a handy list of assessments of executive functions. I recognize a few of them (Tower of Hanoi, Wisconsin Card Sorting), however, what is the most modeled task and what reasons do ...
2
votes
0answers
7 views

What is the most comprehensive model of executive control?

Wikipedia has a nice summary of the various models of executive function, but what is the most comprehensive one? That is, the one that accounts for the most cognitive variations among subjects and ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

what ontologies in computer science are used for?

Are ontologies in computer science used for defining meaning and relations between terms in a domain or they can be used for the logic of a robot actions( for example the set of actions a robot does ...
1
vote
0answers
14 views

What are the practical uses of ontologies?

I have read many papers and books about ontologies and I am trying to figure out that how they are used in a real project? For example how the ontology for a soccer player robot can be defined and ...
4
votes
1answer
72 views

How does the brain know whether or not it comprehends a novel concept?

There seem to be at least two kinds of confusion regarding novel concepts. In one, the brain simply can't form an abstract model from whatever information is being presented. It's where you can't ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

As adults, is it possible for thoughts to originate from our own thinking? [closed]

We, as human beings, formulate our own thoughts and notions about everything that we perceive. As we grow up, we acquire knowledge through different means (like parents, teachers, books, movies etc.) ...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

To which degree is Altmann's memory-for-goals model indicative of higher-level multitasking?

Altmann's memory-for-goals model models goal-directed cognition in terms of the general memory constructs of activation and associative priming (Altmann 2002). From reading the paper I understand the ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

How do patients with Cotard's Syndrome rationalize environmental interactions?

A patient with Cotard's Syndrome (also called "Cotard delusion" and "Walking Corpse Syndrome") has the delusion that he or she is dead (and sometimes immortal), either figuratively or literally, yet ...
3
votes
0answers
36 views

What are other methods to induce ego depletion besides using emotional videos and thought suppression?

Muraven and Baumeister (2000) proposed that self-control is a limited resource akin to strength or a muscle, to deplete this limited resource leads to subsequent self-regulatory failure. Ego ...
11
votes
1answer
332 views

Is the theory of Information Metabolism a reasonable scientific theory?

Background I have been checking out various personality typing assessments lately when I came across a Personality typing system known as Socionics which aims at explaining relationships between ...
3
votes
1answer
11 views

What's the function of the clean-up memory in SPA?

When I read about cognitive models that use the Semantic Pointer Architecture (SPA), such as a model for general intelligence, I often see a component called the "clean-up memory"? What's the function ...
7
votes
2answers
157 views

How to computationally model the Wisconsin Card Sorting task? [closed]

The Wisconsin Card Sorting task is rather famous but appears to be quite difficult to model computationally. I work in RL and I am interested in how people learn the optimal strategy. I'm interested ...
4
votes
1answer
19 views

Biologically plausible cognitive model of Wisconsin card sorting task

As discussed previously, there are a wide range of models that have been applied to the Wisconsin card sorting task. However, which one is most biologically plausible? That is, uses a realistic model ...
7
votes
1answer
101 views

Are there any theories suggesting mindfulness is the opposite mental state to self-regulation?

Meditation practice focuses on emotional acceptance (Teper & Inzlicht, 2013), and self-regulation is related to emotional control (Braumeister, 2003). Could someone provide me with pointers to ...
2
votes
0answers
25 views

How do mammals explore state spaces in reinforcement learning tasks?

Reinforcement learning is the act of learning how to preform a task given punishment and reward. A "state-space" is the space of choices in a context. When performing a reinforcement learning task, is ...
22
votes
2answers
975 views

What are current neuronal explanations and models of 'consciousness'?

I would like to understand more about consciousness from a neuroscientific perspective. I have a limited understanding of it in the philosophical/psychological sense through lectures. Although it is ...
10
votes
2answers
165 views

Computational Model Linking Neural Activity to Behavior

A big question in neuroscience is how neural activity represents knowledge. We can use modelling to explore how different levels of neural activity- subthreshold currents, action potentials, local ...
2
votes
4answers
98 views

Different neural structures for quick vs. methodical decision making

In the book "Thinking, Fast and Slow", the author claims that there are two systems of thinking. System 1 is quick, instinctive and emotionally driven while System 2 is more logical and deliberate. ...
4
votes
1answer
54 views

Connections between different theories of personality

There are a several theories on personality: the Big Five personality traits, Watson en Clark's extraversion en neuroticism, Grey's Behavioural Inhibition & Behavioural Activation (BIS/BAS), ...
2
votes
1answer
11 views

How is memory accounted for in the NEF?

The Neurological Engineering Framework can be used to create systems that use memory in interesting ways. One system (Spaun) is able to memorize (and forget) lists much in the same way as humans do. ...
8
votes
2answers
469 views

Which equation is Ebbinghaus's forgetting curve and what do the constants represent?

First off, I've come across two different forgetting curve equations. $$R = e^{-\large \frac{t}{s}}$$ where $R$ is retention, $t$ is time and $s$ is strength can be found on Wikipedia. And $$b = ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

About the Turing test and a Robot's psychology [duplicate]

If an A.I. system ( 'housed' in a Robotic exterior) actually passed the Turing test and was therefore 'functionally similar to the human 'mind-brain' would it also have the potential for information ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Are there any models of human cognition that do not depend on physicalism or materialism?

Are there any models of Human Cognition that do not depend on Physicalism or materialism? Could Cognition models that say 'mind' states are actually 'brain states' and that we are therefore ...
3
votes
2answers
44 views

How do humans learn to combine tasks?

I've been reading about hierarchical learning (a variant of reinforcement learning from what I understand) and how it is shown to allow learning of a higher-level task (the main example is assembly). ...
-2
votes
1answer
226 views

What kinds of math to learn for understanding dynamic systems in cognitive science? [closed]

A current trend in cognitive science is to view the mind as a dynamic system (e.g., Continuity of Mind by Spivey, in which cognition is understood as a "continuous and often recurrent trajectory ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

What is the relation between general and linear prediction in espicifice and Evoked Potentials signal behaviour?

Prony's Method based on Linear Predictione , which is used to model an Evoked Potentials signal , my question is what is the relation between prediction in general , and linear prediction in ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Bibliographic references about the task of connecting information

I am a researcher in computer science, and I am looking for some literature in the field of psychology related to the task of connecting information; something like a study or a theory relevant to ...
3
votes
0answers
39 views

What is a good general reference on cognitive science in military training?

I know that one of the application of cognitive science is military science. Unfortunately I haven't found a good source on how cognitive science could benefit military training. Is there any ...
9
votes
1answer
108 views

Why aren't Connectionism and Dynamicism considered part of the Computational Theory of the Mind?

In the Wikipedia article for Computational Theory of the Mind (NOT to be confused with Computational Representational Understanding of Mind which includes Connectionism), it is mentioned that ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Law and its formula that says: more time organism working the slower (or less precise) the movements

What is the name of the law and the equation that says that "the more time an organism is working the slower (or less precise) its movements." ? I read once that there is a law in behavioral science ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Getting analysis of changes in MY brain upon cannabis consumption [closed]

I want to know if/how my brain differs from other brains. I'm also interested in knowing exactly how my brain changes when I smoke marijuana, as it is claimed that it affects individuals differently. ...
25
votes
4answers
1k views

Is multitasking a myth?

Often, the term 'multitasking' is applied to very busy and 'wired' people. There is an adage that women multitask better than men. My question is, do we actually multitask? If so, what are the ...
4
votes
0answers
20 views

Is it possible to imitate two way communication between a brain and a limb?

Human muscles are controlled by action potentials that travel along the nerves. Below is an image of a train of action potentials that are decoded by the brain into a sensation or interpreted by a ...
9
votes
2answers
489 views

Origin of the SEEV Model of visual attention distribution

What's the original source of the SEEV (Salience Effort Expectancy Value) Model for predicting the distribution of visual attention? I've seen it mentioned in many papers and presentations but ...
5
votes
1answer
128 views

Why is working memory so small?

I know that the concept of working memory may be subject to discussion. Still, there is a storage capacity limit. This is a real mystery to me. Working memory is known to be positively correlated to ...
2
votes
0answers
80 views

Need a definition of Cognitive Simplicity (or Complexity) that would appeal to a wide audience

Everyone in my organization wants to make our products & website as simple as possible for our customers. My concern is that "simple" means different things to different people. I'm looking for a ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

What subjects to study in order to prepare for a research career in theoretical neuroscience?

Which topics in a dual degree in Cognitive science and Computer science at the graduate level or systems neuroscience (experimental + theory) graduate degree will better prepare for a research career ...
-3
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the difference between a schema and a heuristic? [closed]

I am trying to understand the basic differences, in layman's terms, between a schema and a heuristic
5
votes
1answer
48 views

Are there any agent based cognitive models that are inspired by complex systems studies of ant colonies and economies?

I think that certain aspects of ant colony behavior seem almost like economic decision-making in behavior. There are also links between ant colony optimization and features of the brain like selective ...
2
votes
0answers
80 views

What is the basis behind the idea of Dom-Tert loops in Jung Function Theory?

I have come across a theory relating to Jung Function Theory normally addressed as 'Dom-Tert' loops. I will briefly explain: In Jung Function Theory, everyone has 4 of 16 functions. They split into ...
10
votes
2answers
255 views

References for biologically plausible models of knowledge representation?

I'm looking for references that deal with the issue of how various kinds of semantic knowledge are (or might be) represented neurally. Most of the discussion of this topic seems skewed by social ...
-2
votes
1answer
39 views

Is rationalization needed for learning human behaviors?

What's the purpose of rationalization, specifically in modeling human behaviors? It is true that people use rationalization to prevent/avoid/justify disappointment?
-1
votes
1answer
61 views

Build model to explain data [closed]

I'm not a psychology student, but I'm doing a subjective experiment which is similar to magnitude estimation: simply measure the effect of different stimulus through a number from 1-10. Now I need to ...
6
votes
2answers
141 views

Does Andler's (2012) article on 'Mathematics in Cognitive Science' provide an accurate picture of mathematics in cognitive science?

Andler (2012) wrote: What role does mathematics play in cognitive science today, what role should mathematics play in cognitive science tomorrow? The cautious short answers are: to the factual ...
8
votes
1answer
3k views

What are the real life applications for Probability Learning?

Probability learning is a principle that states probability of a response tends to match the probability of the reinforcement. How does one achieve such rationality under uncertainty? What are ...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

What introductory material is available linking complexity theory to cognitive science?

Does complexity theory speak to cognitive science? If yes, where can I find some material to explore that is suitable for undergraduate level understanding? In particular, is there any audio contennt ...
5
votes
2answers
176 views

Name of the bias when one expects you to possess his knowledge

What is the name of bias or fallacy when, often while in argument, someone expects you to know the same things as he does. Usually, you just say "well, how should have I known that. I'm not inside of ...
4
votes
1answer
229 views

The Ben Franklin effect and cognitive dissonance

The Ben Franklin effect is the phenomena that if a person does a favor toward another person, there is an increased likelihood that the person will do another favor for that person. The same is true ...
4
votes
2answers
90 views

Which of ML classifiers do humans use?

Background: In many situations, people use to classify objects without knowing Machine Learning theory. For example, if small children see an unknown animal in the wild, (s)he tries to classify it as ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Current theories of the psychology of ambivalence

This question querying the authenticity of people's words and actions and the resulting commentary after this answer, has led me to ask this question. Ambivalence is a state of having simultaneous, ...