For questions about models and theoretical idealizations of cognitive processes in humans or other animals. Examples include computational, mathematical, and conceptual models.

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Current theories of the psychology of ambivalence

This question querying the authenticity of people's words and actions and the resulting commentary after this answer, has led me to ask this question. Ambivalence is a state of having simultaneous, ...
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1answer
113 views

Need good example of two domains involving different procedural knowledge yet sharing same high-level strategies

Working in the domain of intelligent tutoring systems, I have to prove (or disprove) that explicit teaching of high-level strategies will allow students to use learned strategies across different ...
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1answer
169 views

Is Altmann's memory-for-goals model valid for higher-level multitasking?

Altmann's memory-for-goals model models goal-directed cognition in terms of the general memory constructs of activation and associative priming (Altmann 2002). From reading the paper I understand the ...
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23 views

Is it possible to imitate two way communication between a brain and a limb?

Human muscles are controlled by action potentials that travel along the nerves. Below is an image of a train of action potentials that are decoded by the brain into a sensation or interpreted by a ...
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81 views

What are the most well-understood vocal animal languages? [closed]

There are many examples of animal language that involve vocal pattens or "grammar". For example, there is the the Bee dance, bird songs, whale songs, dogs. Bird vocalization includes both bird calls ...
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2answers
305 views

What skills are required to build simulations of the human brain? [closed]

I want to build a system that has the ability to gather data from the internet in order to build a cognitive model of the human brain. The model should be able to answer the questions required by a ...
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2answers
94 views

Which of ML classifiers do humans use?

Background: In many situations, people use to classify objects without knowing Machine Learning theory. For example, if small children see an unknown animal in the wild, (s)he tries to classify it as ...
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2answers
79 views

Are there “awareness” related mirror neurons or processes in the brain that get activated by awareness?

I'm reading the "The Power of Now" book by Ekhart Tolle, in which he describes a spiritual practice by which attention/awareness is focused on the currently experienced mental state. For example, ...
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60 views

Connections between different theories of personality

There are a several theories on personality: the Big Five personality traits, Watson en Clark's extraversion en neuroticism, Grey's Behavioural Inhibition & Behavioural Activation (BIS/BAS), ...
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21 views

Which executive function assessment has the most cognitive models?

Wikipedia has a handy list of assessments of executive functions. I recognize a few of them (Tower of Hanoi, Wisconsin Card Sorting), however, what is the most modeled task and what reasons do ...
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46 views

What are other methods to induce ego depletion besides using emotional videos and thought suppression?

Muraven and Baumeister (2000) proposed that self-control is a limited resource akin to strength or a muscle, to deplete this limited resource leads to subsequent self-regulatory failure. Ego ...
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52 views

What is a good general reference on cognitive science in military training?

I know that one of the application of cognitive science is military science. Unfortunately I haven't found a good source on how cognitive science could benefit military training. Is there any ...
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119 views

Need a definition of Cognitive Simplicity (or Complexity) that would appeal to a wide audience

Everyone in my organization wants to make our products & website as simple as possible for our customers. My concern is that "simple" means different things to different people. I'm looking for a ...
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163 views

Test-retest reliability of Iowa gambling task performance and Expectancy Valence Model parameters

I've just been learning about the Expectancy Valence Model of the Iowa Gambling Task (see Busemeyer & Stout, 2002; Yechiam et al 2005). The model includes three parameters: motivation, ...
3
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1answer
90 views

What introductory material is available linking complexity theory to cognitive science?

Does complexity theory speak to cognitive science? If yes, where can I find some material to explore that is suitable for undergraduate level understanding? In particular, is there any audio contennt ...
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4answers
116 views

Different neural structures for quick vs. methodical decision making

In the book "Thinking, Fast and Slow", the author claims that there are two systems of thinking. System 1 is quick, instinctive and emotionally driven while System 2 is more logical and deliberate. ...
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1answer
82 views

How can pain sensations appear to originate within the person's skull?

I've read that humans have some sort of a kinesthetic model of their body and muscles. This internal representation of the body is used to control and coordinate locomotion. I don't remember if ...
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1answer
15 views

What's the function of the clean-up memory in SPA?

When I read about cognitive models that use the Semantic Pointer Architecture (SPA), such as a model for general intelligence, I often see a component called the "clean-up memory"? What's the function ...
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111 views

How do people develop abstract thought processes?

By abstract thinking, I am referring to not only notions of self and identity, but also aspects that can not be directly observed and 'thinking outside of the box'. Essentially, from my own ...
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1answer
105 views

How does the brain know whether or not it comprehends a novel concept?

There seem to be at least two kinds of confusion regarding novel concepts. In one, the brain simply can't form an abstract model from whatever information is being presented. It's where you can't ...
3
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1answer
22 views

Are there theories on how vocabularies for the Semantic Pointer Architecture are created?

The semantic pointer architecture is a vector symbolic architecture where high-dimensional sparse vectors represent concepts. These concepts can be mathematical, linguistic or sensory. In all of the ...
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1answer
27 views

What is the most comprehensive model of executive control?

Wikipedia has a nice summary of the various models of executive function, but what is the most comprehensive one? That is, the one that accounts for the most cognitive variations among subjects and ...
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2answers
54 views

How do humans learn to combine tasks?

I've been reading about hierarchical learning (a variant of reinforcement learning from what I understand) and how it is shown to allow learning of a higher-level task (the main example is assembly). ...
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36 views

How do mammals explore state spaces in reinforcement learning tasks?

Reinforcement learning is the act of learning how to preform a task given punishment and reward. A "state-space" is the space of choices in a context. When performing a reinforcement learning task, is ...
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73 views

Predicting the Duration of Future Events

I am interested in the question of how people use/integrate previous experiences with instances of tasks or events to make predictions about the duration of future instances of tasks/events. To ...
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2answers
395 views

How to adjust SSE or RMSE for the number of free parameters in the model?

How do I adjust SSE (sum of squared errors) or RMSE (root-mean-square errors) for the number of free parameters in the model? Is there an "adjusted" RMSD metric similar to the adjusted r-squared ...
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1answer
62 views

Are there already models for planning and goal-directed behaviour?

I'm interested in planning and how one is able to take action and plan ahead at the same time. I could imagine one could make observations and project these into the future using past experiences. The ...
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1answer
68 views

Getting analysis of changes in MY brain upon cannabis consumption [closed]

I want to know if/how my brain differs from other brains. I'm also interested in knowing exactly how my brain changes when I smoke marijuana, as it is claimed that it affects individuals differently. ...
2
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1answer
109 views

Combinatorial woes

I am interested in the creation of chunks (aka configural nodes) from smaller chunks and input features (only interested in System 1 cognition). Unitization studies (e.g. Goldstone (pdf)), suggest ...
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1answer
207 views

Are life positions in transactional analysis accurate aides in diagnosing personality disorders?

Eric Berne developed the notion of transactional analysis (TA ) and author of the book "The Games People Play". Thomas A Harris then wrote the book "I'm OK - You're Ok" based on Berne's theory of ...
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1answer
12 views

How is memory accounted for in the NEF?

The Neurological Engineering Framework can be used to create systems that use memory in interesting ways. One system (Spaun) is able to memorize (and forget) lists much in the same way as humans do. ...
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25 views

How can Semantic Pointer Architecture be used to capture dynamical systems?

Most uses of SPA I've seen seem to be representing static systems, such as recognizing digits, categorizing images, rapid variable creation and planning a path for writing those digits back out. Can ...
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52 views

How do patients with Cotard's Syndrome rationalize environmental interactions?

A patient with Cotard's Syndrome (also called "Cotard delusion" and "Walking Corpse Syndrome") has the delusion that he or she is dead (and sometimes immortal), either figuratively or literally, yet ...
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31 views

Bibliographic references about the task of connecting information

I am a researcher in computer science, and I am looking for some literature in the field of psychology related to the task of connecting information; something like a study or a theory relevant to ...
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51 views

Is a newborn incapable of attributing to her own existence some basic value? [closed]

I quote from the publication "After-birth abortion: why should the baby live?" (Giubilini & Minerva, 2013): We take ‘person’ to mean an individual who is capable of attributing to her own ...
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1answer
241 views

How does the brain process concurrent visual or sensory data?

I tried thinking about an apple and simultaneously an orange. (I was thinking about its appearance and taste). Despite my best efforts I was not able to do parallel processing to think about the apple ...
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1answer
56 views

Law and its formula that says: more time organism working the slower (or less precise) the movements

What is the name of the law and the equation that says that "the more time an organism is working the slower (or less precise) its movements." ? I read once that there is a law in behavioral science ...
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1answer
49 views

Is there a specific name for the emotion I'm feeling? [closed]

I looked around and it doesn't seem to match the definition of guilt NOR shame. I made up a lie that works this way: 1.Tell people someone I made up is "special," "unique," and a variety of other ...
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14 views

What's the difference between metaphor and conceptual blending?

A "metaphor" seems to be just the discourse-level result of a conceptual blend. If you're more of a Lakoff-guy, I could see you claiming "metaphor", especially a "conceptual metaphor" to be the same ...
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15 views

Are there cognitive models that distinguish semantic and episodic memory?

From various amnesia cases it has been shown that semantic and episodic memories reside in different parts of the brain. Are there any cognitive models that distinguish these two types of memories? If ...
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24 views

Psychological problem with glasses and hats on head? [closed]

I knew a kid who, when they was little, they would have attacks when a relative removed their glasses. She would sometimes do it on purpose in front of them and they would have emotional outbursts ...
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21 views

As adults, is it possible for thoughts to originate from our own thinking? [closed]

We, as human beings, formulate our own thoughts and notions about everything that we perceive. As we grow up, we acquire knowledge through different means (like parents, teachers, books, movies etc.) ...
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1answer
93 views

About the Turing test and a Robot's psychology [duplicate]

If an A.I. system ( 'housed' in a Robotic exterior) actually passed the Turing test and was therefore 'functionally similar to the human 'mind-brain' would it also have the potential for information ...
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1answer
66 views

What subjects to study in order to prepare for a research career in theoretical neuroscience?

Which topics in a dual degree in Cognitive science and Computer science at the graduate level or systems neuroscience (experimental + theory) graduate degree will better prepare for a research career ...
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1answer
36 views

Are there any models of human cognition that do not depend on physicalism or materialism?

Are there any models of Human Cognition that do not depend on Physicalism or materialism? Could Cognition models that say 'mind' states are actually 'brain states' and that we are therefore ...
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10 views

Is there any good Cognitive Architecture to model intelligent tutoring system?

Being a bugging AI and CogSci researcher i have so far found J.Andersons Act-R based ITS(Intelligent tutoring system) model,it seems very laborious. Is there any good current day Cognitive ...
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1answer
61 views

Build model to explain data [closed]

I'm not a psychology student, but I'm doing a subjective experiment which is similar to magnitude estimation: simply measure the effect of different stimulus through a number from 1-10. Now I need to ...
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1answer
68 views

How to tell a diagnosis from an actual state?

Since diagnoses merely represent what a doctor is thinking, how can a mental patient know the difference between de facto "reality" and what decisions a doctor is planning? We know planning is not ...
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234 views

What kinds of math to learn for understanding dynamic systems in cognitive science? [closed]

A current trend in cognitive science is to view the mind as a dynamic system (e.g., Continuity of Mind by Spivey, in which cognition is understood as a "continuous and often recurrent trajectory ...
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2answers
2k views

What is the difference between a schema and a heuristic? [closed]

I am trying to understand the basic differences, in layman's terms, between a schema and a heuristic