For questions about models and theoretical idealizations of cognitive processes in humans or other animals. Examples include computational, mathematical, and conceptual models.

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12 views

Reinforcement learning for combining production rules

I'm trying to create a system that learns the Tower of Hanoi puzzle. The system I'm working off of uses a production system (similar to ACT-R), but uses hard-coded production rules. I know that Neil ...
4
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3answers
540 views

Flow diagram of how information flows through the brain?

I am a Artificial Intelligence researcher with a interest in neuroscience. I was wondering if flow diagrams exist of the way information flows from sensory inputs through the parts of the brain (and ...
4
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3answers
102 views

Are there “awareness” related mirror neurons or processes in the brain that get activated by awareness?

I'm reading the "The Power of Now" book by Ekhart Tolle, in which he describes a spiritual practice by which attention/awareness is focused on the currently experienced mental state. For example, ...
8
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1answer
107 views

Are there any models of the human visual field of view taking into account head, neck and eye movements and calculating likelihood of fixation?

I would like to know if there are studies that (1) model the field of view taking into account all degrees of freedom of the head, neck and eyes and (2) if there is any probabilistic model assigned to ...
3
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1answer
26 views

Role of declarative memory in learning skill

In Neil Taatgen's paper on primitive information processing elements (PRIMs) he notes that as a result of saving the used PRIMs in declarative memory (which is fast) as opposed to procedural memory (...
3
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1answer
100 views

How can pain sensations appear to originate within the person's skull?

I've read that humans have some sort of a kinesthetic model of their body and muscles. This internal representation of the body is used to control and coordinate locomotion. I don't remember if ...
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1answer
17 views

How does PRIMs solve the binding problem?

I was reading this paper by Neil Taatgen on primitive information processing elements (PRIMs), as a type of machine-language for ACT-R. In the paper he claims: The absence of variables means that ...
33
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3answers
1k views

What are current neuronal explanations and models of 'consciousness'?

I would like to understand more about consciousness from a neuroscientific perspective. I have a limited understanding of it in the philosophical/psychological sense through lectures. Although it is ...
7
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2answers
79 views

Biologically plausible cognitive model of Wisconsin card sorting task

As discussed previously, there are a wide range of models that have been applied to the Wisconsin card sorting task. However, which one is most biologically plausible? That is, uses a realistic model ...
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0answers
19 views

Is there evidence to suggest that the different and contrasting behaviours we collectively call 'sensitive' have a common root cause?

There appear to be two different meanings of the word 'sensitive' when describing people's behaviour: that the person being described lacks the emotional resilience to cope with an everyday ...
3
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0answers
37 views

What's the difference between metaphor and conceptual blending?

A "metaphor" seems to be just the discourse-level result of a conceptual blend. If you're more of a Lakoff-guy, I could see you claiming "metaphor", especially a "conceptual metaphor" to be the same ...
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0answers
29 views

Is there any good Cognitive Architecture to model intelligent tutoring system?

Being a bugging AI and CogSci researcher i have so far found J.Andersons Act-R based ITS(Intelligent tutoring system) model,it seems very laborious. Is there any good current day Cognitive ...
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1answer
262 views

Is Altmann's memory-for-goals model valid for higher-level multitasking?

Altmann's memory-for-goals model models goal-directed cognition in terms of the general memory constructs of activation and associative priming (Altmann 2002). From reading the paper I understand the ...
3
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1answer
34 views

Are there theories on how vocabularies for the Semantic Pointer Architecture are created?

The semantic pointer architecture is a vector symbolic architecture where high-dimensional sparse vectors represent concepts. These concepts can be mathematical, linguistic or sensory. In all of the ...
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3answers
2k views
3
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1answer
56 views

What is the most comprehensive model of executive control?

Wikipedia has a nice summary of the various models of executive function, but what is the most comprehensive one? That is, the one that accounts for the most cognitive variations among subjects and ...
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1answer
110 views

What are the practical uses of ontologies?

I have read many papers and books about ontologies, and I am trying to figure out that how they are used in a real project. For example, how can the ontology for a soccer player robot can be defined ...
6
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2answers
185 views

The “Backwards Bike” and implications for how we think

Here's a video of a guy learning to ride a "backwards bike", if you turn the handles left, then the wheel goes right. It took the guy forever to learn to ride a backward bike. He kept remarking that "...
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1answer
117 views

Is there a specific name for the emotion I'm feeling? [closed]

I looked around and it doesn't seem to match the definition of guilt NOR shame. I made up a lie that works this way: 1.Tell people someone I made up is "special," "unique," and a variety of other ...
6
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1answer
306 views

What is the basis behind the idea of Dom-Tert loops in Jung Function Theory?

I have come across a theory relating to Jung Function Theory normally addressed as 'Dom-Tert' loops. I will briefly explain: In Jung Function Theory, everyone has 4 of 16 functions. They split into ...
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1answer
230 views

'Model-free' learning in humans

In reinforcement learning, there is a stark distinction between model-based and model-free learning algorithms, where model-free methods don't make use any explicit information about the dynamics of ...
4
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2answers
60 views

How do humans learn to combine tasks?

I've been reading about hierarchical learning (a variant of reinforcement learning from what I understand) and how it is shown to allow learning of a higher-level task (the main example is assembly). ...
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2answers
631 views

Is the theory of Information Metabolism a reasonable scientific theory?

Background I have been checking out various personality typing assessments lately when I came across a Personality typing system known as Socionics which aims at explaining relationships between ...
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0answers
28 views

Are there cognitive models that distinguish semantic and episodic memory?

From various amnesia cases it has been shown that semantic and episodic memories reside in different parts of the brain. Are there any cognitive models that distinguish these two types of memories? If ...
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2answers
2k views

What is the relation between measures, constructs and concepts?

It is uncontroversial to say that the cognitive sciences do not exclusively deal with directly observable phenomena, but nonetheless aim to study the physical causes of behavior and cognition ...
5
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1answer
90 views

Difference in frequencies of mistakes between use of left-right vs. up-down

I have no hard data, but from my personal experience in people specifying right or left directions (similarly east or west) and up or down (north or south, top or bottom), people frequently make ...
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0answers
41 views

Psychological problem with glasses and hats on head? [closed]

I knew a kid who, when they was little, they would have attacks when a relative removed their glasses. She would sometimes do it on purpose in front of them and they would have emotional outbursts ...
3
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1answer
113 views

How does the brain know whether or not it comprehends a novel concept?

There seem to be at least two kinds of confusion regarding novel concepts. In one, the brain simply can't form an abstract model from whatever information is being presented. It's where you can't "...
4
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0answers
28 views

Which executive function assessment has the most cognitive models?

Wikipedia has a handy list of assessments of executive functions. I recognize a few of them (Tower of Hanoi, Wisconsin Card Sorting), however, what is the most modeled task and what reasons do ...
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0answers
24 views

As adults, is it possible for thoughts to originate from our own thinking? [closed]

We, as human beings, formulate our own thoughts and notions about everything that we perceive. As we grow up, we acquire knowledge through different means (like parents, teachers, books, movies etc.) ...
3
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0answers
81 views

How do patients with Cotard's Syndrome rationalize environmental interactions?

A patient with Cotard's Syndrome (also called "Cotard delusion" and "Walking Corpse Syndrome") has the delusion that he or she is dead (and sometimes immortal), either figuratively or literally, yet ...
3
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1answer
30 views

What's the function of the clean-up memory in SPA?

When I read about cognitive models that use the Semantic Pointer Architecture (SPA), such as a model for general intelligence, I often see a component called the "clean-up memory"? What's the function ...
7
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1answer
136 views

Are there any theories suggesting mindfulness is the opposite mental state to self-regulation?

Meditation practice focuses on emotional acceptance (Teper & Inzlicht, 2013), and self-regulation is related to emotional control (Braumeister, 2003). Could someone provide me with pointers to ...
3
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0answers
44 views

How do mammals explore state spaces in reinforcement learning tasks?

Reinforcement learning is the act of learning how to preform a task given punishment and reward. A "state-space" is the space of choices in a context. When performing a reinforcement learning task, is ...
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2answers
195 views

Computational Model Linking Neural Activity to Behavior

A big question in neuroscience is how neural activity represents knowledge. We can use modelling to explore how different levels of neural activity- subthreshold currents, action potentials, local ...
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4answers
156 views

Different neural structures for quick vs. methodical decision making

In the book "Thinking, Fast and Slow", the author claims that there are two systems of thinking. System 1 is quick, instinctive and emotionally driven while System 2 is more logical and deliberate. ...
4
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1answer
83 views

Connections between different theories of personality

There are a several theories on personality: the Big Five personality traits, Watson en Clark's extraversion en neuroticism, Grey's Behavioural Inhibition & Behavioural Activation (BIS/BAS), ...
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1answer
96 views

About the Turing test and a Robot's psychology [duplicate]

If an A.I. system ( 'housed' in a Robotic exterior) actually passed the Turing test and was therefore 'functionally similar to the human 'mind-brain' would it also have the potential for information ...
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1answer
39 views

Are there any models of human cognition that do not depend on physicalism or materialism?

Are there any models of Human Cognition that do not depend on Physicalism or materialism? Could Cognition models that say 'mind' states are actually 'brain states' and that we are therefore neuro-...
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1answer
247 views

What kinds of math to learn for understanding dynamic systems in cognitive science? [closed]

A current trend in cognitive science is to view the mind as a dynamic system (e.g., Continuity of Mind by Spivey, in which cognition is understood as a "continuous and often recurrent trajectory ...
2
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0answers
35 views

Bibliographic references about the task of connecting information

I am a researcher in computer science, and I am looking for some literature in the field of psychology related to the task of connecting information; something like a study or a theory relevant to ...
4
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0answers
93 views

What is a good general reference on cognitive science in military training?

I know that one of the application of cognitive science is military science. Unfortunately I haven't found a good source on how cognitive science could benefit military training. Is there any ...
9
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1answer
171 views

Why aren't Connectionism and Dynamicism considered part of the Computational Theory of the Mind?

In the Wikipedia article for Computational Theory of the Mind (NOT to be confused with Computational Representational Understanding of Mind which includes Connectionism), it is mentioned that ...
1
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1answer
61 views

Law and its formula that says: more time organism working the slower (or less precise) the movements

What is the name of the law and the equation that says that "the more time an organism is working the slower (or less precise) its movements." ? I read once that there is a law in behavioral science ...
2
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1answer
79 views

Getting analysis of changes in MY brain upon cannabis consumption [closed]

I want to know if/how my brain differs from other brains. I'm also interested in knowing exactly how my brain changes when I smoke marijuana, as it is claimed that it affects individuals differently. ...
28
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4answers
2k views

Is multitasking a myth?

Often, the term 'multitasking' is applied to very busy and 'wired' people. There is an adage that women multitask better than men. My question is, do we actually multitask? If so, what are the ...
5
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0answers
29 views

Is it possible to imitate two way communication between a brain and a limb?

Human muscles are controlled by action potentials that travel along the nerves. Below is an image of a train of action potentials that are decoded by the brain into a sensation or interpreted by a ...
10
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2answers
844 views

Origin of the SEEV Model of visual attention distribution

What's the original source of the SEEV (Salience Effort Expectancy Value) Model for predicting the distribution of visual attention? I've seen it mentioned in many papers and presentations but ...
5
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1answer
184 views

Why is working memory so small?

I know that the concept of working memory may be subject to discussion. Still, there is a storage capacity limit. This is a real mystery to me. Working memory is known to be positively correlated to ...
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284 views

Need a definition of Cognitive Simplicity (or Complexity) that would appeal to a wide audience

Everyone in my organization wants to make our products & website as simple as possible for our customers. My concern is that "simple" means different things to different people. I'm looking for a ...