For questions about models and theoretical idealizations of cognitive processes in humans or other animals. Examples include computational, mathematical, and conceptual models.

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8
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3answers
129 views

Is there a neural network model of Pavlovian Learning?

I am trying to find a computer simulation of Pavlovian learning. i.e. an action such as salivation in response to a stimulus such as a bell ringing. Most neural network models I've seen seem to be ...
8
votes
1answer
61 views

What is the ACT-R model of learning?

I am reading this paper titled: Effect of Temporal Spacing between Advertising Exposures In this paper, the author mentions the ACT-R model and how it explains an ...
3
votes
1answer
83 views

How can Semantic Pointer Architecture be used to capture dynamical systems?

Most uses of SPA I've seen seem to be representing static systems, such as recognizing digits, categorizing images, rapid variable creation (also called "completing a pattern") and planning a path for ...
0
votes
0answers
7 views

How does the brain encode order of information in sentences/stories?

When memorizing a sentence or a full story: then, how does the brain encode the order of the words of the sentence or the sentences in the story?
0
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0answers
10 views

Generic terms/concepts

How are generic concepts like "object" (as in "everything is an object") wired within the brain structure? Are all other concepts directly linked to those general concepts?
1
vote
2answers
71 views

Cognitive Models of learning Working Memory usage

Recently in deep learning, there's been a surge in learning how to use memories as part of the optimisation process (i.e. LSTM's and Stacks). However, these aren't really analogous to how a cognitive ...
8
votes
2answers
238 views

The prisoner dilemma does not violate classical probability laws

To read before (following some answers or comments) My background: As a mathematician, probability theory is my field of research; please do not answer/comment just to refer to a course on ...
6
votes
1answer
65 views

How to interpret neuron spiking models one comes across in literature?

Background I'm in high school currently conducting research (obviously it is relatively rudimentary compared to what is being done in the labs, etc.) in computational neuroscience. I'm dealing with ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

I need good introductory texts/publications on brain networks and functional integration/segregation

I am a soon to be graduating applied mathematician interviewing for a research position soon in a lab considered with neurological imaging and association of brain networks with things like aging, ...
3
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0answers
12 views

What cognitive architectures out there combine multiple sensor streams?

It seems like most cognitive architectures are evaluated on toy problems that do not challenge more than one sense (usually the visual one). What neuronal cognitive architectures were evaluated in the ...
1
vote
1answer
13 views

relation of substantive/verb to declarative/procedural memory

Is there a relation between "declarative vs. procedural memory" and "substantive vs. verb"? For example, are substantives (as a kind of information entities) stored in the declarative memory whereas ...
0
votes
0answers
7 views

What has been proven on the Elaboration Likelihood Model?

What is proven about Elaboration Likelihood Model? Is it proven that we in some way use two different "routes" of thinking? Is it proven that certain situations tend to trigger certain cognitive ...
0
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0answers
6 views

Are some people better at using system 2/Central Route than others?

Are there any scientific research papers proving that some people tend to use their system 2/Central Route more than others?
0
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2answers
53 views

Can CBT cure any kind of depression?

CBT: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, no doubt is far better than medications while having long terms goals in mind, but the question is: can it cure any kind of depression, like Seasonal Affective ...
10
votes
2answers
208 views

How to computationally model the Wisconsin Card Sorting task?

The Wisconsin Card Sorting task is rather famous but appears to be quite difficult to model computationally. I work in RL and I am interested in how people learn the optimal strategy. I'm interested ...
2
votes
2answers
40 views

How are positions and counts of higher concepts encoded in sparse representations?

I understand that levels in the sensorimotor hierarchy of the brain learn recurring features of their input streams. The results are activation patterns with single neurons firing for the existence of ...
0
votes
1answer
8 views

Neuroanatomical mapping of production compilation

ACT-R and Spaun map their production rule system onto the the basal ganglia and thalamus. However, I haven't been able to find how ACT-R maps production rule compilation onto the basal ganglia or ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Neuronal differences of linguistic statements

Assuming that the brain (structure) is only constructed using neurons and synapses, then what is the difference between the following linguistic statements from a 'mechanical point of view'? Bob is ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Thinking about something vs. doing something

In computer programming, when a program analyzes itself, we call it "reflection" or "introspection". Example: A program has several features. When the program runs, it can analyze itself to determine ...
5
votes
1answer
36 views

Empirical proof for social network models

I've recently encountered the domain of social network modelling while reading the papers on models of strategic voting (unpublished), opinion dynamics and influence spread. All of these papers ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Human reasoning as decidable fragments or approximations of otherwise undecidable logics - cognitive explanation?

There are a lot of modal logics (especially BDI logics and KARO framework) and higher order logics that initially aimed at understanding and simulating human reasoning. After years of research the ...
2
votes
0answers
12 views

How can higher concepts get unrolled with upward and feedback connections differing?

In the neocortex, input patterns are compressed hierarchically. Sensory inputs in the lower levels are combined by higher levels to form abstract concepts. However, there are even more feedback ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Is k-winner a biological plausible model of inhibition?

In the Leabra cognitive architecture, sparse representations are created by simply ignoring all but the k strongest activations, if I understand correctly. In Hierarchical Temporal Memory, instead, ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

How do neuro transmitters interact with neurons in the brain?

I think emotions and hormones frames the overall thinking processes of the brain. However, I'm interested in how this works on a neuronal level. For example, dopamine is some kind of reward signal for ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Reciting Reverse Order Alphabet vs Reverse Order Counting

Observation A: It's easy to recite the alphabet. It's hard to recite the alphabet backwards. Observation B: It's easy to recite the number 1 to 26. It's easy to recite the number 1 to 26 backwards. ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

Toolbox for modelling visual search performance

I'm looking for a toolbox to model visual search performance in a singleton search task based on line orientations (you need to find a line that is most different from all others in it's orientation). ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Phycological model for use in a game engine

Pardon me if I use any incorrect terminology, but I am not very familiar with the field of psychology. Are there any (preferably somewhat prevalent) cognitive models of human behavior that might be ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Is there evidence of neurons corresponding to the certainty of next input prediction?

I think the levels of the hierarchically structured neocortex try to predict their next input. If so, is there a mechanism of measure of certainty in that prediction? For example a high prediction ...
4
votes
1answer
55 views

What is known about the information that's passed upwards within the neocortex?

The neocortex is likely to process sparse representations in a hierarchy with information close to the raw sensor input appearing in lower levels and abstract concepts being appearing in higher ...
6
votes
1answer
131 views

Is there a reasonable scientific backing for Carl Jung's type theories?

I have read a lot on how most psychologists reject the Myers Briggs Type Indicator for its lack of scientific backing, but I have yet to find much information on the acceptance of Carl Jung's ...
2
votes
0answers
16 views

Do synapses have special types?

I assume synapses/dendrites/axons are relations which connect one entity/neuron to another, for example: a car is a vehicle: "is" relation Bob has a sister: "has" relation etc. I would just ...
2
votes
1answer
26 views

How is memory accounted for in the NEF?

The Neurological Engineering Framework can be used to create systems that use memory in interesting ways. One system (Spaun) is able to memorize (and forget) lists much in the same way as humans do. ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Is there any behavioral experiment which gathers information from mobile apps or sites?

I'm wondering if there any apps gathering users behaviours and usage information from mobile app or site, and than informing them about that. Because I know there is a lot of experiments and A/B tests ...
3
votes
1answer
89 views

link between top-down (bottom-up) processing and cortex layers

What are the relations between top-down and bottom-up processings and the flows of information in the brain? For example, does top-down processing start from some layers and go to lower layers? If so ...
3
votes
1answer
34 views

Difference vs. Ratio of evidence in sequential sampling models

In sequential sampling models - for instance Ratcliff and Smith, (2006) - participants' responses in a binary choice experiment are modelled by a particle, which moves up or down towards the ...
4
votes
1answer
43 views

In ACT-R difference between declarative and working memory

I'm currently studying PRIMs within the context of ACT-R by reading these two papers. In the papers, there are references to both declarative and working memory modules of ACT-R. What is the ...
3
votes
2answers
117 views

Can a brain be modeled as a simplified interaction of different states and their triggers?

I've long been interested in the concept of "states of mind", which influence the perception of the outside world and outlook on past, present and future. They can be thought of as "colored lenses" ...
25
votes
4answers
2k views

What are good examples of applying dynamical systems in cognitive science?

I'm a mathematics and physics student very much interested in cognitive science. Recently I've been hearing about "a new approach" in cognitive science via dynamical system theory. What are some ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

Are Free Will and Motivation related?

I'm aware of numerous experiments, like Stanford prison experiment, Milgram experiment which indicate that humans can act in ways opposite to their best intentions. For the purposes of this ...
3
votes
1answer
35 views

How to get anatomical masks?

I recently read a paper called "An automated labeling system for subdividing the human cerebral cortex on MRI scans into gyral based regions". I want to use the ...
1
vote
0answers
11 views

How to make a comparative analysis between the decision-making robots and human? [closed]

I have the challenge of finding a way to model, develop, validate and implement an artificial cognitive architecture for mobile robots for industrial environment. In my present scope of the questions ...
7
votes
1answer
145 views

What are other methods to induce ego depletion besides using emotional videos and thought suppression?

Muraven and Baumeister (2000) proposed that self-control is a limited resource akin to strength or a muscle, to deplete this limited resource leads to subsequent self-regulatory failure. Ego ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

How are real life events translated into dream symbolism?

I'm interested in how significant events from daily life get encoded or translated into dream content. A personal observation can help clarify my question: I've observed that for me, "significant, ...
17
votes
11answers
665 views

Any work being done on Perception, Action, and/or Cognition in Video games?

Call it a nerd crossover, but I've always been curious about how we play games on a mechanistic level. However, even coming from a rational viewpoint video games seem like a fruitful domain of study, ...
1
vote
0answers
11 views

Reinforcement learning for combining production rules

I'm trying to create a system that learns the Tower of Hanoi puzzle. The system I'm working off of uses a production system (similar to ACT-R), but uses hard-coded production rules. I know that Neil ...
4
votes
3answers
475 views

Flow diagram of how information flows through the brain?

I am a Artificial Intelligence researcher with a interest in neuroscience. I was wondering if flow diagrams exist of the way information flows from sensory inputs through the parts of the brain (and ...
4
votes
3answers
100 views

Are there “awareness” related mirror neurons or processes in the brain that get activated by awareness?

I'm reading the "The Power of Now" book by Ekhart Tolle, in which he describes a spiritual practice by which attention/awareness is focused on the currently experienced mental state. For example, ...
8
votes
1answer
107 views

Are there any models of the human visual field of view taking into account head, neck and eye movements and calculating likelihood of fixation?

I would like to know if there are studies that (1) model the field of view taking into account all degrees of freedom of the head, neck and eyes and (2) if there is any probabilistic model assigned to ...
3
votes
1answer
24 views

Role of declarative memory in learning skill

In Neil Taatgen's paper on primitive information processing elements (PRIMs) he notes that as a result of saving the used PRIMs in declarative memory (which is fast) as opposed to procedural memory ...
3
votes
1answer
100 views

How can pain sensations appear to originate within the person's skull?

I've read that humans have some sort of a kinesthetic model of their body and muscles. This internal representation of the body is used to control and coordinate locomotion. I don't remember if ...