For questions about the physiological and embryological foundations of neural development

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How does the brain encode order of information in sentences/stories?

When memorizing a sentence or a full story: then, how does the brain encode the order of the words of the sentence or the sentences in the story?
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9 views

Generic terms/concepts

How are generic concepts like "object" (as in "everything is an object") wired within the brain structure? Are all other concepts directly linked to those general concepts?
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2answers
109 views

What causes emotions?

I have absolutely no knowledge of psychology. But I am wondering what causes emotions in human? Emotions such as happiness, sadness, love, hate etc. Is there some sort of hormones responsible for ...
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0answers
21 views

Which is a “good” model for introspection?

Are there any good models regarding introspection? I also wonder if introspection is a process specific attribute (thinking process: Depending on what I think, I am able to reflect/introspect) or if ...
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26 views

Neuronal differences of linguistic statements

Assuming that the brain (structure) is only constructed using neurons and synapses, then what is the difference between the following linguistic statements from a 'mechanical point of view'? Bob is ...
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0answers
21 views

Thinking about something vs. doing something

In computer programming, when a program analyzes itself, we call it "reflection" or "introspection". Example: A program has several features. When the program runs, it can analyze itself to determine ...
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1answer
20 views

Are inhibitory synapses the cause of not doing something?

Imagine you are driving your car, in front of you, you see a wall. What prevents us from driving against the wall? Is this accomplished by the brain having inhibitory synapses established here?
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11 views

What are the effects of prolong overeating on cognitive abilities?

Are there any effects on concentration, working memory, recall due to overeating. If there are, what are they?
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1answer
13 views

relation of substantive/verb to declarative/procedural memory

Is there a relation between "declarative vs. procedural memory" and "substantive vs. verb"? For example, are substantives (as a kind of information entities) stored in the declarative memory whereas ...
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0answers
16 views

Do synapses have special types?

I assume synapses/dendrites/axons are relations which connect one entity/neuron to another, for example: a car is a vehicle: "is" relation Bob has a sister: "has" relation etc. I would just ...
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2answers
165 views

Which part of the brain is not working optimally if an individual is unable to understand scientific concepts and mathematics?

I have often observed that while I can understand concepts related to Finance and Literature very easily I find it extremely difficult to understand scientific topics related to Physics, Maths or ...
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3answers
173 views

Does the brain have a 'debugging mode'?

In computer programming we have a debugger that we can use to execute a program step by step. In that mode, the program can be suspended and we can analyze the state of the hardware, modify the state ...
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1answer
58 views

Re-arrangement of brain's functions

In a neuroscience class, I was told that if some part of brain gets damaged somehow and its early enough, the functionalities of that part of brain are rearranged to another part of the brain. This ...
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2answers
73 views

Why doesn't the brain get into infinite loops when being queried?

In computer programming, when algorithms are using loops/recursion without an exit condition, the algorithm will never end or get out of resources. How does the brain work around getting into endless ...
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12 views

Pictorial representation of ideas/concepts

Why are pictorial representations of ideas/concepts easier to comprehend than language/grammatical constructs? Is there any verifiable reason behind it, apart from the fact that most of us, if not ...
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1answer
65 views

What happens to brain during meditation?

Meditation has many benefits.For example it helps to relax, reduce stress, etc. But how it is working? What exactly happens to our brains during meditation?
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1answer
161 views

“top-down” and “bottom-up” processes

What kind of processes are "top-down" and "bottom-up" processes in the context of processing visual information in brain? Context: ...There are discrete areas in the visual cortex dedicated to ...
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48 views

Is cortical magnification in the visual system related to synaptic pruning, or is it a separate developmental or learning process?

I'm primarily interested in learning about current computational models that explain cortical magnification in the visual system. With this in mind, my specific questions are: (1) Is this phenomenon ...
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1answer
51 views

How can we be formed by our childhood's environment if we don't remember much of it?

Studies with rats showed that the most licking ones in childhood were the most licked in adulthood [1]. Also many psychologist says that this is the part of our live where our personality is created ...
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1answer
104 views

Full list of the capabilities of human brain [closed]

I am studying the concept of multi-tasking. The premise upon which I am asking this question is my belief that multi-tasking is a myth(as discussed in a few books on the same topic) and that the brain ...
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1answer
89 views

How does it come about that specific areas of the brain are associated with specific functions?

During the development of the human brain, specific areas come to perform specific functions. How (and when) does this differentiation come about? Presumably, some areas of the brain naturally take ...
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0answers
42 views

Are people who are very “aware” of the world that way because their brains are more advanced or les advanced? [closed]

Usually when we think of people who are very aware of their surroundings or very sensitive to the subtleties in all situations, we assume that it is because their brains are more advanced so they can ...
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0answers
22 views

Spontaneous muscle twitching?

I am trying to understand the role of whisker twitches during sleep in the development of the mouse brain, and in general the role of spontaneous muscle activity in brain development. Thing is, I am ...
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1answer
137 views

Difference between active and passive touch?

I am considering the role of whiskers in the development of the mouse brain, and came across the following: 'we found that the signals sent to the brain by the whiskers during active touch differ from ...
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0answers
39 views

Do ADHD drugs harm the brain?

Particularly, the amphetamine "vyvanse". If one was to take a 30mg dose once a day for 50+ years, would it damage brain function at all? Would the brain simply get used to the drug and become 100% ...
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1answer
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Does masturbation affect brain in long term?

I am interested in knowing. Does masturbation (once daily) affect the brain negatively in terms of: Memory and concentration skills during the long term ? Does it affect it in the short term? After ...
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2answers
217 views

Why is it so difficult to use a “true mirror” as a mirror

This Youtube video shows what a "true mirror" is: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZSxCZCy5Wsk In short, when you look into a true mirror you look at yourself (among other things) as you really are, ...
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1answer
76 views

Are the two halves of the brain mirror images of each other? [closed]

Can this question be answered in terms of the relationship between handedness and hemispheric asymmetry. so the left hand controlled by the right hemisphere, and right hand controlled by left ...
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0answers
89 views

Does the brain burn more calories when “thinking quickly”? [closed]

If a person intentionally "thinks quickly" would this affect how much glucose the brain consumes? Or would it not be very significant?
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2answers
153 views

Why can't we use 100% of the brain in a certain moment?

I mean, I know it's a myth that we only use a 10% of the brain, the point is that we do not use more than a 10% in any moment, but by using different zones of it for various tasks we may use the 100%. ...
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1answer
263 views

Study Effectively [closed]

I have 1day for the exam and there is much to study and Is there anyway to study Effectively.. This is not just for tommorrow this is for the entire life.. I'm feeling little low. Is there any ...
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1answer
112 views

Do people with Asperger syndrome have two left brains?

I have heard that people with Asperger syndrome have a problem with the right brain, but it increases the ability of the left brain. In other words, AS people has two left brains; the second left ...
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1answer
72 views

About the left and right side of the brain

If you are right-handed person, does it mean that you often use left brain (the left part that contain analysis, language etc.)? If you often use right leg being crossed over left leg, what part of ...
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2answers
1k views

Folding (wrinkles) in cortex: Why is surface area more important than volume?

When we look at the cortex of the brain, it has a folded structure. It is said that this is because this enables a greater number of neurons to exist, which is obviously advantageous. However, we ...
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61 views

Early Alzheimer's and cognitive remediation programs

Early symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) includes the loss of short term memory including prospective memory. On a physical level brain cells are being destroyed and that disrupts the neural ...
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39 views

What are the effects of antipsychotic medication on brain volume?

I have read numerous different papers each claiming that antipsychotic medication either helps maintain brain volume or causes brain volume reduction in patients with schizophrenia and other psychotic ...
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1answer
163 views

How much alcohol is negative for brain function?

How much alcohol can you consume before it starts to kill a single neuron or interfere with proper brain functioning? Does it happen: If you take just a few drops of alcohol? If you drink a rum and ...
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2answers
93 views

Does logical thinking or counting develop first in children?

During the course of normal brain development, what comes first: logical thinking or counting?
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3answers
444 views

what is the reptile brain?

As a Carl Sagan fan, I remember (in Cosmos TV shoe) "territoriality, aggression and ritual" are products of the reptile brain while higher-level stuff like loyalty, planning for future are mammalian, ...
4
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1answer
584 views

What causes seizures to develop years after a childhood brain injury?

A friend of mine told me that her daughter was in an accident prior to the age of 12 which resulted in head trauma and brain damage. The child went through an extensive recovery process (relearning ...