For questions regarding how the brain and mind filter out different aspects of the environment to attend to others with greater salience, and experimental paradigms that explore these mechanisms or their underlying neural bases.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
2answers
34 views

Can humans really successfully multitask?

It seems to be a quality parents want to instill in their children, as well as i.e.- teenagers bragging about having music playing, texting, video chatting, all while doing homework, they claim is the ...
2
votes
1answer
23 views

What is happening when i focus my attention on a particular body part?

In an article i saw that "Thinking about an activity can actually activate the parts linking to that activity". So i thought of giving it a try and i started to focus on the digits of my feet (they ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

What is a scientific description of the process of staring blankly into the distance?

You know, that moment before someone snaps you back into reality. Is there a definition for that place?
2
votes
0answers
17 views

What is the relationship between top-down mechanism and priming the visual system in the following experiment?

I am currently conducting an experiment where a subject is shown a series of photographs of various objects. Each photo contains a single object. Before showing the photograph, a screen with a text ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

What effects does multitasking have on comprehension and memory of audiobooks/speech?

I've heard around that our comprehension of audiobooks versus read books is roughly on the same level (the processes aren't really all that different, usually when we read we vocalize the words in our ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

What is “Attention” in terms of brain activity?

A rather basic question, but I don't know the answer to that - What is human "attention" that can be focused on different parts of the body or outside objects? For example, I can focus my attention ...
8
votes
3answers
280 views

What are effective strategies for increasing concentration and motivation when doing seemingly passive activities such as reading journal articles?

Background Unfortunately I am not a specialist in Cognitive Science I am just a regular CS student who has big interest in cognitive science. I want to share with you some interesting observation I ...
5
votes
2answers
112 views

Why do people look in the face or eyes while communicating?

While communicating, people tend to direct their gazes to the face (particularly eyes) of people. Why don't rather we look at their neck or just their chest or even their hair while communicating with ...
10
votes
1answer
141 views

Thinking, Fast and Slow vs. Mindfulness vs. Flow

I've been wondering how dual-process theory, which is described in Daniel Kahneman's book "Thinking, Fast and Slow", relates to mindfulness and the state of being in the present moment and the flow ...
2
votes
2answers
190 views

Efficient learning strategies?

When learning a new subject or a skill, is it more effective to break practice into small sub-skills and focus on them for months until they have been fully mastered, or to practice each small ...
3
votes
0answers
44 views

average attention time and attention compensation time

Is there any good source for statistics regarding average attention span? More specifically- what is the average attention compensation time, meaning- how long does a person need to rest in order to ...
8
votes
1answer
58 views

Rated model of driving-related processes and objects

The Salience, Effort, Effort and Value (SEEV) model for predicting the distribution of visual attention contains a parameter called 'value' which represents the importance of a certain area of the ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Is teacher guidance always necessary to become an expert? [closed]

Is it necessary to have a teacher (or mentor/coach) to master every skill? What if I am taking an online tutorial with pre-recorded videos? Can I count that teacher training? I have read the concept ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

How to Focus on One thing at a time? [duplicate]

My Mind is always filled with useless some many thoughts at a single moment, that i feel hard to focus , concentrate my attention on one task at a time. My attention span is very low. I get distracted ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Which parts of the brain are used when identifying and sorting email messages?

When most people view their email inboxes, they'll see several different types of messages; for example, emails which have been auto-generated by services we use, communications with real humans which ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Is there really a Shiny Object Syndrome?

The term "Shiny Object Syndrome" is used to describe the tendency to start new ideas without thinking them through, especially in business. Does this phrase represent an actual clinical diagnosis? ...
3
votes
2answers
59 views

Does eye contact improve attention and learning?

I remember having read a article in The Economist's Science and Technology section that presented evidence to the effect that attention and learning benefits from some forms of eye contact. If I am ...
3
votes
2answers
144 views

Does Stroop test performance correlate with any personal characteristics or abilities?

Have there been any studies that found that an extremely high (or low) Stroop test score correlates with certain personal characteristics, abilities or aptitudes, or would all such conclusions be ...
6
votes
0answers
57 views

Difference between Logan's Instance theory and Exemplar-Based Random Walk (EBRW) theory

I'm trying to find a clear explanation of the difference between Logan's instance theory (Logan, 2002) and the Exemplar-Based Random Walk theory (Nosofsky & Palmari, 1997). Am I mistaken that they ...
4
votes
1answer
121 views

How effective are high audio frequencies in commercials in getting audience attention?

Does anyone know of a peer reviewed article that describes how commercials will often contain high audio frequencies in order to attract the viewer's attention? Referrals to commercials using any ...
3
votes
1answer
39 views

Are there any fMRI decoding papers examining the relationship between attentional cueing and activity in V1?

I'm interested in reading on the influence of exogenous attention on cortical representations in early visual areas, but so far my google-fu seems to be failing me. There seems to be some literature ...
5
votes
0answers
64 views

What functions does the brain perform to recognize a familiar object unconsciously?

Let's say a person's brain experiences how a vehicle/object looks for the very 1st time. It would require lot of attention/focus/processing to analyse the object, extract features and train its neural ...
9
votes
1answer
660 views

What is the effect of mindfulness practice on cognition?

The following article by ScienceDaily reported on a paper in Psychological Science (Mrazek et al., 2013), claiming that mindfulness training led to improved working memory and GRE scores. These ...
1
vote
4answers
200 views

Why do we rely on others in dangerous situations?

*This question is based on my observations. Q: What is the reason people trust their peers implicitly in extreme (or not) situations? Example: I am walking with a friend, and I am telling him ...
5
votes
1answer
41 views

Does explaining a visual guidance system affect visual attention distribution?

I'm working on a driving simulator that uses an eyetracker to monitor the users gaze behavior. Based on a study I modeled an optimal scanpath that the users should follow in order to best maneuver ...
5
votes
1answer
161 views

What is the scientific term for information overload?

I'm a computer science major. Currently I'm working on a project for which I want to expose users to different levels of information depending on their distance from displays. Anyone who ever saw a ...
3
votes
0answers
89 views

Why does clickbait use numbers?

Around the Internet, especially in social media, we see examples of hyperlinks in a common format that has been cynically dubbed "click bait" or "link bait". The idea is that authors publish these ...
10
votes
2answers
648 views

Origin of the SEEV Model of visual attention distribution

What's the original source of the SEEV (Salience Effort Expectancy Value) Model for predicting the distribution of visual attention? I've seen it mentioned in many papers and presentations but ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

What makes a sight or an image mesmerizing and irresistible?

There are some examples of this. What makes us: Feel we just HAVE TO watch that video or an image again, it's common with comedy videos Feel we need to stare at a such a beautiful sight, a person ...
4
votes
0answers
62 views

Evidence for a 2-component framework of visual attention distribution

As part of my bachelor thesis on eyetracking-based gaze guidance, I've done quite a bit of reading (again) on visual attention and visual attention distribution. What caught my attention (haha) ...
4
votes
1answer
121 views

Do we only hear what we want to hear?

When I Google this, the results are about misinterpreting what we hear to suit what we want or expect. However, I'm interested to know if we ignore specific things we hear and focus on things we are ...
6
votes
1answer
78 views

Can attention be improved to reduce the frequency of mistakes?

There is a class of error that is sometimes colloquially referred to as "not paying attention". These are the sorts of error where the subject knows the correct way to perform a task, but fails to ...
3
votes
1answer
33 views

Are representations of unattended objects “bound”?

In our phenomenal experience, different features of an object, like shape and color, seem to be "bound" together into a single percept, even though those features are represented in different parts of ...
3
votes
1answer
46 views

Can reduced cognitive load lead to some kind of mental or physical “atrophy”?

Muscles, if you don't use them, degenerate. Everyone who has had a broken leg in a cast for a few weeks and then seen the thin stick that reemerged once the cast was removed, can attest to that fact. ...
3
votes
2answers
104 views

Does a more ergonomic and user friendly interface/device make the human brain work less?

There was an interesting discussion on UX.StackExchange related to washing machines and their front windows. I was very surprised that it took me like 2 minutes or so to figure out why the washing ...
4
votes
1answer
39 views

How is attention involved with the performance drop associated with multi-tasking?

Multi-tasking lowers productivity. What influences on attention cause the productivity of a multi-tasking person to be low? An example of multi-tasking is that a person is working on his assignment ...
2
votes
1answer
145 views

Why does splitting attention between a primary task and another task appear to improve performance on the primary task?

I've been thinking about my performance at various tasks and where my focus is at during them and something's really got me confused. It makes sense that devoting all my focus to a task while I'm ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

How long does it take to refocus after context switching?

Context switching has been highlighted for the toll it takes on productivity at great length, particularly by people who work in software and project management. Are there any ...
8
votes
1answer
195 views

Why did Moray think Treisman's Attenuation Model was inconsistent with additional costs for simultaneous targets?

I have been reading http://psych.stanford.edu/~jlm/pdfs/Norman76.pdf, which on pp34-36 present an excerpt from a book by Neville Moray. Tone bursts of 3000 Hz were delivered to one ear and tone ...
4
votes
0answers
37 views

Do single-feature objects tend to attract attention more rapidly than conjunction objects, or vice-versa?

For example, would a two-colour object attract attention more quickly than a one-colour object, or vice-versa?
4
votes
0answers
83 views

Are preattentive processes necessarily unconscious processes?

Are preattentive processes necessarily unconscious processes? If no, why not, and could you please provide an example of a preattentive process of which we are conscious? If yes, why? To the ...
7
votes
0answers
32 views

Does distraction cause us to skip to the next step in a motor plan?

Often, if one is concentrating too hard on a particular task, it seems as though it's quite easy to skip to the next step of a plan of action. For example, a baseball infielder may attempt a throw to ...
10
votes
3answers
255 views

What neural mechanism explains the tendency to visually attend to the whole scene before attending to details?

I have the intuition that human vision first attends to large-scale objects and then small-scale details. Is there any mechanism in the visual cortex that will explain this phenomenon? Is there a ...
5
votes
3answers
496 views

What is the mechanism behind “gut feelings”?

I'm thinking of a phenomenon that I've first observed in myself when taking an IQ test. Upon looking at the question, I selected an answer, but got this "gut feeling" or a hint that something was ...
4
votes
2answers
893 views

What does hemispatial neglect vision look like?

I need to know more about hemispatial neglect, in order to compose a picture of what it would look like to someone who has this issue. Is there any resources for finding more about their actual ...
9
votes
1answer
479 views

Attention Theory: is it impossible to avoid distraction?

I remember reading at some point in the literature that humans are unable to avoid distraction from a certain primary task if this task isn't using up close to all available 'resources' - basically ...