For questions regarding how the brain and mind filter out different aspects of the environment to attend to others with greater salience, and experimental paradigms that explore these mechanisms or their underlying neural bases.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

2
votes
0answers
21 views

Does Stroop test performance correlate with any personal characteristics or abilities?

Have there been any studies that found that an extremely high (or low) Stroop test score correlates with certain personal characteristics, abilities or aptitudes, or would all such conclusions be ...
3
votes
1answer
28 views

Are there any fMRI decoding papers examining the relationship between attentional cueing and activity in V1?

I'm interested in reading on the influence of exogenous attention on cortical representations in early visual areas, but so far my google-fu seems to be failing me. There seems to be some literature ...
4
votes
0answers
42 views

What functions does the brain perform to recognize a familiar object unconsciously?

Let's say a person's brain experiences how a vehicle/object looks for the very 1st time. It would require lot of attention/focus/processing to analyse the object, extract features and train its neural ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Is there really a Shiny Object Syndrome?

The term "Shiny Object Syndrome" is used to describe the tendency to start new ideas without thinking them through, especially in business. Does this phrase represent an actual clinical diagnosis? ...
1
vote
4answers
179 views

Why do we rely on others in dangerous situations?

*This question is based on my observations. Q: What is the reason people trust their peers implicitly in extreme (or not) situations? Example: I am walking with a friend, and I am telling him ...
5
votes
1answer
102 views

What is the scientific term for information overload?

I'm a computer science major. Currently I'm working on a project for which I want to expose users to different levels of information depending on their distance from displays. Anyone who ever saw a ...
3
votes
0answers
51 views

Why does clickbait use numbers?

Around the Internet, especially in social media, we see examples of hyperlinks in a common format that has been cynically dubbed "click bait" or "link bait". The idea is that authors publish these ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Does eye contact improve attention and learning?

I remember having read a article in The Economist's Science and Technology section that presented evidence to the effect that attention and learning benefits from some forms of eye contact. If I am ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

What makes a sight or an image mesmerizing and irresistible?

There are some examples of this. What makes us: Feel we just HAVE TO watch that video or an image again, it's common with comedy videos Feel we need to stare at a such a beautiful sight, a person ...
3
votes
0answers
54 views

Evidence for a 2-component framework of visual attention distribution

As part of my bachelor thesis on eyetracking-based gaze guidance, I've done quite a bit of reading (again) on visual attention and visual attention distribution. What caught my attention (haha) ...
4
votes
1answer
95 views

Do we only hear what we want to hear?

When I Google this, the results are about misinterpreting what we hear to suit what we want or expect. However, I'm interested to know if we ignore specific things we hear and focus on things we are ...
6
votes
2answers
71 views

Can attention be improved to reduce the frequency of mistakes?

There is a class of error that is sometimes colloquially referred to as "not paying attention". These are the sorts of error where the subject knows the correct way to perform a task, but fails to ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Is there any scientific study of private day dreaming that involves movement and verbalising?

Background: When I'm alone and imagining a scene in my head, I make the shapes I'm imagining with my hands, blinking a bit and making the noises I imagine. I get so absorbed that I don't even see my ...
5
votes
1answer
39 views

Does explaining a visual guidance system affect visual attention distribution?

I'm working on a driving simulator that uses an eyetracker to monitor the users gaze behavior. Based on a study I modeled an optimal scanpath that the users should follow in order to best maneuver ...
3
votes
1answer
43 views

Can reduced cognitive load lead to some kind of mental or physical “atrophy”?

Muscles, if you don't use them, degenerate. Everyone who has had a broken leg in a cast for a few weeks and then seen the thin stick that reemerged once the cast was removed, can attest to that fact. ...
3
votes
2answers
96 views

Does a more ergonomic and user friendly interface/device make the human brain work less?

There was an interesting discussion on UX.StackExchange related to washing machines and their front windows. I was very surprised that it took me like 2 minutes or so to figure out why the washing ...
4
votes
1answer
37 views

How is attention involved with the performance drop associated with multi-tasking?

Multi-tasking lowers productivity. What influences on attention cause the productivity of a multi-tasking person to be low? An example of multi-tasking is that a person is working on his assignment ...
3
votes
1answer
32 views

Are representations of unattended objects “bound”?

In our phenomenal experience, different features of an object, like shape and color, seem to be "bound" together into a single percept, even though those features are represented in different parts of ...
10
votes
2answers
573 views

How long does it take to refocus after context switching?

Context switching has been highlighted for the toll it takes on productivity at great length, particularly by people who work in software and project management. Are there any ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Why does splitting attention between a primary task and another task appear to improve performance on the primary task?

I've been thinking about my performance at various tasks and where my focus is at during them and something's really got me confused. It makes sense that devoting all my focus to a task while I'm ...
3
votes
0answers
32 views

Do single-feature objects tend to attract attention more rapidly than conjunction objects, or vice-versa?

For example, would a two-colour object attract attention more quickly than a one-colour object, or vice-versa?
7
votes
1answer
171 views

Why did Moray think Treisman's Attenuation Model was inconsistent with additional costs for simultaneous targets?

I have been reading http://psych.stanford.edu/~jlm/pdfs/Norman76.pdf, which on pp34-36 present an excerpt from a book by Neville Moray. Tone bursts of 3000 Hz were delivered to one ear and tone ...
3
votes
0answers
66 views

Are preattentive processes necessarily unconscious processes?

Are preattentive processes necessarily unconscious processes? If no, why not, and could you please provide an example of a preattentive process of which we are conscious? If yes, why? To the ...
6
votes
0answers
29 views

Does distraction cause us to skip to the next step in a motor plan?

Often, if one is concentrating too hard on a particular task, it seems as though it's quite easy to skip to the next step of a plan of action. For example, a baseball infielder may attempt a throw to ...
6
votes
2answers
165 views

What are effective strategies for increasing concentration and motivation when doing seemingly passive activities such as reading journal articles?

Background Unfortunately I am not a specialist in Cognitive Science I am just a regular CS student who has big interest in cognitive science. I want to share with you some interesting observation I ...
7
votes
1answer
365 views

What is the effect of mindfulness practice on cognition?

The following article by ScienceDaily reported on a paper in Psychological Science (Mrazek et al., 2013), claiming that mindfulness training led to improved working memory and GRE scores. These ...
4
votes
2answers
774 views

What does hemispatial neglect vision look like?

I need to know more about hemispatial neglect, in order to compose a picture of what it would look like to someone who has this issue. Is there any resources for finding more about their actual ...
5
votes
3answers
416 views

What is the mechanism behind “gut feelings”?

I'm thinking of a phenomenon that I've first observed in myself when taking an IQ test. Upon looking at the question, I selected an answer, but got this "gut feeling" or a hint that something was ...
10
votes
3answers
210 views

What neural mechanism explains the tendency to visually attend to the whole scene before attending to details?

I have the intuition that human vision first attends to large-scale objects and then small-scale details. Is there any mechanism in the visual cortex that will explain this phenomenon? Is there a ...
3
votes
1answer
111 views

How effective are high audio frequencies in commercials in getting audience attention?

Does anyone know of a peer reviewed article that describes how commercials will often contain high audio frequencies in order to attract the viewer's attention? Referrals to commercials using any ...
8
votes
1answer
396 views

Attention Theory: is it impossible to avoid distraction?

I remember reading at some point in the literature that humans are unable to avoid distraction from a certain primary task if this task isn't using up close to all available 'resources' - basically ...
9
votes
2answers
441 views

Origin of the SEEV Model of visual attention distribution

What's the original source of the SEEV (Salience Effort Expectancy Value) Model for predicting the distribution of visual attention? I've seen it mentioned in many papers and presentations but ...