For questions about this branch of psychology which seeks to classify and characterize mental disorders. Aberrant or socially maladaptive thought patterns are the earmarks of many of these disorders, but the extent to which they are socially abnormal is evaluated subjectively based on customs and ...

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1answer
34 views

Are psychiatric disorders merely statistical deviations?

When we suppose that a segment X of the population is at high-risk for disorder Y, don't we assume that anyone carries the same psychophenotype, yet not in a statistically-significant degree?
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1answer
58 views

PTSD based on false memories

Memory is not just static snapshots or video on a harddrive, but an active process. As such, it is possible to construct false memories (Brainerd & Reyna, 2005). Some of these false memories can ...
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1answer
64 views

Are all psychological problems only biochemical in nature?

Are all psychological problems only biochemical in nature or do some 'mental' components ( that is some form of conceptual 'conditioning' caused directly or indirectly or 'subconsciously' by the ...
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1answer
46 views

What causes Capgras (“imposter”) Syndrome?

Capgras Syndrome is a rare disorder in which a person believes his or her loved ones have been replaced by identical-looking impostors (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capgras_delusion). What causes this ...
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0answers
15 views

What techniques exist that reduce fear/stress/anxiety (PTSD symptoms) for the following x hours?

I'm interested if the human brain can be rapidly desensitized to fear/stress or anxiety (or general distress caused by PTSD) by using some technique. For example: a person had a bad job ...
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2answers
98 views

Do lonely people get addicted more easily than social counterparts?

So called "Rat Park" study conducted in the late 1970s indicated that lonely rats get drug addicted more easily than social ones. Does anyone know if there are more recent studies about the topic? ...
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0answers
18 views

Concerning mental states and how much the mind can influence itself

In the movie 'A Beautiful Mind' about John Nash who in the movie was said to have schizophrenia he actually said , according to the movie he wanted to try to 'think' his way out of the condition. He ...
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3answers
3k views

What is the definition of sanity? How can I prove someone either sane or insane?

In my experience the definition of insanity is thus: Insanity: The state of being seriously mentally ill, mad, and/or irrational. Is there a proper scientific definition of this term? While ...
6
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3answers
119 views

How are hallucinations generated, is it related to dreaming?

I was thinking how powerful auditory and visual hallucinations must be, for the individual experiencing them to be unable to distinguish them from reality. I, personally, have not experienced a ...
2
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1answer
359 views

Where to find a study on women and selfies?

I have recently read the following Yahoo article: Guys, this is why you should never post too many selfies on social media. This article describes a study that correlates selfies taken by men and ...
9
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1answer
920 views

What is the relationship between post-traumatic stress disorder and fugue states?

The introduction of the new edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders ("DSM-5") is on the horizon. With it are coming some new, evidence-based diagnoses for dissociative ...
4
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1answer
59 views

What is the difference between Megalomania and Narcissism?

As far as I can tell, both megalomania and narcissism are found in [delusions of] grandiosity. Perhaps megalomania has more focus on power, rather than just being well liked? What is the primary ...
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1answer
68 views

What does speaking in third person denote?

Is speaking (or preferring to speak, even if not actually doing it) about oneself in third person a symptom of any specific mental condition? I can remember a person in an IRC role playing chat room ...
3
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1answer
75 views

Why do some people stutter only when they are nervous?

Background: I don't stutter at least not always. For example, if I be reading out a article to myself, It is sure that I will not stutter even that I am reading it out loud. The times when I do ...
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2answers
2k views

What is the effect of viewing pornography on children?

It is generally accepted that porn shouldn't be seen by children, and we even sometimes punish parents who fail to stop their children from finding porn. How much are these laws based in science? Can ...
4
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3answers
2k views

What are the differences between Asperger's Syndrome and Schizoid Personality Disorder?

They are specifically listed as two separate disorders in the ICD, but what are the differences between Asperger's Syndrome and Schizoid Personality Disorder? Since both result in a withdrawal from ...
0
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1answer
29 views

What is the concordance rate for schizophrenia in monozygotic and dizygotic twins?

What is general level of concordance for twins and is it higher for monozygotic twins? What research is available on this?
6
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1answer
60 views

What is the correlation between the development of the sense of self and the senses?

Children develop different senses of self at a couple of different ages. Normally developing children pass the 'Sally-Anne' test at about 4 years of age and the 'Mirror test' at around 18 months. My ...
7
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1answer
113 views

Why does strobe lighting trigger seizures in photosensitive epilepsy?

Photosensitive epilepsy (PSE) is a form of epilepsy in which seizures are triggered by visual stimuli that form patterns in time or space, such as flashing lights, bold, regular patterns, or ...
0
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1answer
59 views

Freudian repressed unconscious as the biological reason behind self-destructive behavior?

Self-destructive habits include: - smoking whilst being aware of the effects - not exercising whilst knowing that it is healthier to do so - taking one more hit of a drug "for the last time, really" ...
3
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1answer
97 views

“Do it yourself” Cognitive-Behavioral-Therapy-style intervention methods

In Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, what should happen between the occurrence of a negative automatic thought and, finally, its neutralization is logical thinking: looking at the evidence for the ...
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1answer
64 views

How to address a narcissist to go to therapy?

Often people go to a therapist when they start to experience a strong personal discomfort, however often this never happens as because their personality is egosyntonic. However for whoever is ...
1
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1answer
58 views

How, other than pharmacotherapy, can those diagnosed with thought disorders be treated?

In general, major depressive disorder is treated with pharmacotherapy, and talk therapy, as well as other little things written below: People know what the little things you can do if you're ...
2
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2answers
980 views

Sadistic personality disorder, psychopathy and correlation with violence

Going through some article, it seems the differences between the descriptions for sadistic personality disorder and psychopathy is minimal, if at all existent. In the first article it appears the ...
1
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1answer
51 views

Can a person with multiple personality disorder have one of their personality based on a real person?

Can a person with multiple personality disorder have one of their personality based on a real person encountered during their lifetime? For example, in a family with multiple children, can one of the ...
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4answers
295 views

How to change someone's beliefs?

I tried to change my brother's beliefs. He gets motivated by some bad ideas. Following my attempt to change his beliefs, his beliefs have become even stronger.
7
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2answers
140 views

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Limitations

In treating people with Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy: Which people can't be helped by therapy? How are some people more treatable than others? Additional Info In the comments of a blog post ...
4
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1answer
605 views

What traits does a man have, when he is apt to feeling threatened by strong women?

This isn't intended as a gender biased question, as both men and women can have strange hang ups when it comes to either sex. I am curious about men who are threatened by strong women. By strong ...
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2answers
151 views

The psychology of nymphomania

So this is a question that requires maturity and discretion. I present it as an authentic point of research for a class I am taking. I understand the basic principles of mania, psychomania, and ...
6
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1answer
114 views

What is the psychology behind the need to be the centre of attention?

In conversations, there are often times when a member of the group will consistently divert the conversation back to their own topic (often to do with them). A 'pseudo-conversation' example: ...
0
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1answer
74 views

Is there a name for highly aggressive non-violent people?

I know an individual who has incredibly aggressive mannerisms including snatching things, raising voice and speaking with a very aggressive tone of voice. However, since this person is completely ...
0
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1answer
92 views

Is there a name for having an obsessive interest in new topics for short periods of time?

I have the tendency to get obsessively interested in a subject for 2 weeks, get bored, and then move on to something else. For instance I have just started learning about chess and find myself ...
2
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2answers
158 views

What is the difference between social anxiety disorder and shyness?

It seems that there are similar symptoms shown by people who suffer social anxiety and shyness, but what is actually the main difference between them? Thank you.
7
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1answer
2k views

The relationship between narcissism and self-esteem

Given that personality disorders are rooted in abnormal experience and development. There has been much discussion about the aetiology of Narcissistic Personality Disorder. Having a concept of the ...
2
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0answers
69 views

Tendency to see novelty in mundane and trivial statements

There exists a psychological phenomenon whereupon a person may encounter a rather trivial or mundane statement or thought, but would not recognize it as such; instead a person would experience a sense ...
4
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1answer
54 views

Are there first person accounts of monothematic delusions?

Monothematic delusions are delusions that concern a single topic (Davies et al. 2001). They are often the result of acquired brain damage and include the Delusional Misidentification Syndromes, such ...
2
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0answers
40 views

What is the most common form of delusional misidentification?

The delusional misidentification syndrome (DMS) is a condition in which a patient consistently misidentifies persons, places, objects, or events. Broome (2004) affirms that: The most common form ...
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0answers
26 views

Personality disorder beginnings in parental narcissism and eating disorders

During childhood, are parental narcissism coupled with a pre-teen eating disorder good indicators of adult personality disorders, such as classic or covert narcissism? If an eating disorder occurs at ...
4
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1answer
213 views

Is “Schizophrenic” considered to be a derogatory or offensive term?

In US English, "Schizoid" is considered a derogatory term, while "patient/person with Schizoid Personality Disorder" is the "politically correct" term (and more accurate). For this reason I wanted to ...
7
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4answers
346 views

What is the difference between a psychopath and sociopath?

The Internet is of course full of memes from Sherlock Holmes show, based on one of the episodes having Sherlock self-diagnose: I'm not a psychopath, I'm a highly functioning sociopath But what ...
2
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0answers
40 views

ADHD Symptoms Emerging in Adolescence or Young Adulthood

I recently read a fascinating article about the pattern of young women receiving ADHD diagnoses after first displaying symptoms in their late teens or early twenties, typically corresponding to ...
4
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2answers
84 views

Difference between brain disease and brain disorder

Is there any difference between the terms brain disease and brain disorder? They are often used in combination without ...
3
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1answer
86 views

What is, formally speaking, major depressive disorder?

DSM and ICD define a mental disorder called major depressive disorder (MDD), and I suppose the notion of MDD defines quite rigorous criteria and methods to diagnose it in people. I don't know, how MDD ...
4
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1answer
101 views

Criterion for Asperger's Syndrome

I realize that the diagnostic criteria for Asperger's Syndrome (AS) have changed with the latest version of the DSM, but there was a criterion in the DSM-IV for AS that I didn't understand: "marked ...
4
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1answer
184 views

What are the key predictive traits of therapeutic success?

In my answer here, to this question : Does hypnosis in any form for any type of disorder work? It brought up the valid question of why people quit therapy. Obviously, if the therapy is not helpful, ...
0
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0answers
30 views

The Hollywood Question: Does love improve the prognosis for mental illness?

We've all seen the sitcom or movie where the girl with OCD falls in love with the hunk and learns to calm down and manage her anxiety. My question is specifically which mental illnesses improve with ...
6
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1answer
137 views

Is there any empirical support evaluating the fast phobia cure?

There have been several papers going against the effectiveness of NLP. One aggregate paper is referenced in the Wikipedia article on NLP, namely Witkowski (2010). However, NLP seems to encompass a ...
3
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1answer
44 views

Is the condition Pathological Intoxication recognised as real?

The plot of the movie Final Analysis revolves around a murder committed by a person diagnosed with Pathological Intoxication. The following study confirms the: probable existence of a discrete ...
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3answers
20k views

Is extreme empathy and compassion considered a disorder?

Can extreme empathy and compassion get to a point where it is considered a disorder? For example, if someone is so empathetic, when feeling someones pain it negatively affects their life to the same ...
0
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1answer
77 views

What are the cognitive elements of dangerous behaviors? [closed]

I am looking for theories or articles that focused on cognitive elements contributing to risk-taking behaviors. For example it is known that response inhibition is linked to impulsive behaviors. I am ...