For questions about this branch of psychology which seeks to classify and characterize mental disorders. Aberrant or socially maladaptive thought patterns are the earmarks of many of these disorders, but the extent to which they are socially abnormal is evaluated subjectively based on customs and ...

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1answer
57 views

Does a mental disorder exist where people think someone else is sick?

Is there a known disorder where the subject thinks someone else or other people around them are sick or dying, say exo-hypochondria? In this case I am thinking of a wife pathologically convinced that ...
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0answers
34 views

Mechanism of ketamine in treatment of depression and anxiety?

What are the mechanisms by which ketamine reduces the symptoms of depression and anxiety?
2
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0answers
57 views

How many diagnosable mental disorders are included in the DSM?

This Wikipedia page says: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is the American Psychiatric Association's standard reference for psychiatry which includes over 450 ...
3
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1answer
55 views

What is the effectiveness of self-prescribed marijuana for depression?

How common is it for patients diagnosed with depression to self-prescribe themselves marijuana after trying prescription anti-depressants? Is there any evidence that this self-treatment is effective ...
2
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2answers
302 views

What is the concordance rate for schizophrenia in monozygotic and dizygotic twins?

What is general level of concordance for twins and is it higher for monozygotic twins? What research is available on this?
2
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2answers
151 views

What does it mean to say that mental illness is a modern-day leprosy?

I was reading about mental illnesses and then thought one day that the uninformed regard mental illnesses the same way leprosy was regarded. I looked up about leprosy and some papers and articles ...
9
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4answers
250 views

Are mentally ill people more violent?

A lot of people are afraid of people with mental illnesses because they think they're more violent but is that true? I think it's wrong even though I don't really understand the pages I found on ...
2
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1answer
99 views

Why ADHD instead of ADD? / Why predominantly hyperactive-impulsive instead of predominantly-impulsive?

The types of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder are: predominantly inattentive predominantly hyperactive-impulsive combined Not sure I understand. People with ADHD are hyperactive because of ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Is there a standard definition of a “hallucination”?

As far as I understand, there is a compelling sense of reality to sensory hallucinations. Do hallucinations (as, e.g. in the DSM) substitute for the sense and experience of a real reality? For ...
13
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3answers
549 views

PTSD based on false memories

Memory is not just static snapshots or video on a harddrive, but an active process. As such, it is possible to construct false memories (Brainerd & Reyna, 2005). Some of these false memories can ...
6
votes
1answer
121 views

Is there any “predictive” component to positive/negative affect in Seasonal Affective Disorder and Bipolar Disorder?

I'm wondering if the human brain "predicts" how certain weeks of the year should feel? For example, a child who is going to school may have a more positive affect in anticipation of summer holidays, ...
0
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1answer
21 views

How to deal with a friend who cuts [closed]

I am asking here since I have no idea where else I could of asked. I have a friend who is having difficulties with depression. I don't how long this has been ongoing, but he is often down. I presume ...
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0answers
37 views

The limits of fear: Could one really survive an encounter with the Alien? [closed]

Please help me out in my effort to better understand the emotion of extreme fear. I will use the example of Ridley Scott’s film “Alien” featuring H.R. Giger’s Xenomorph preying on the crew of the “...
6
votes
1answer
364 views

Why do some people react verbally to intrusive thoughts and/or embarrassing memories?

It seems to me that there are two kinds of intrusive thoughts. The first consists of those thoughts that didn't actually occur in real life, but are nonetheless intrusive and embarrassing and ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

What's the opposite of major depressive disorder?

Bipolar disorder, BD, involves manic episodes and depressive episodes. If someone has a depressive episode, that person may have major depressive disorder, MDD or BD. If someone has a manic episode, ...
0
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0answers
20 views

Is there a correlation between mental disorders and mental rigidity?

When someone has a disturbed personality the resistance to change his ideas due to confirmation bias, Self-affirmation and self serving bias can make the work of the psychoterapeut hard. See Why are ...
9
votes
1answer
77 views

Open magnetic resonance imaging datasets on psychosis?

Are there any open magnetic resonance imaging datasets of normal and healthy adults (as controls) and psychotic subjects? Such as ADNI for Alzheimer's or OASIS for aging.
15
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2answers
2k views

Why is Asperger Syndrome poorly recognised in France?

Asperger Syndrome is quite well-known in psychiatric circles, as well as (to a lesser degree) the general public, in many countries the western world. However, in France, Asperger Syndrome is ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Is there any cognitive based therapy for lack of intimacy?

I'm look for cognitive based therapy ideas for someone who is relatively isolated to tackle their lack of intimacy. They are either unable or unwilling to form new relationships, and seem to lack ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

What do depressants treat? Are they used in bipolar to treat mania?

I don't understand the Wikipedia article on depressants. This is what I have gathered: Depression and anxiety disorders are treated by antidepressants. Narcolepsy, ADHD, obesity, smoking addiction, ...
4
votes
0answers
39 views

How common is it for twins conjoined at the head to share thoughts and visual stimuli?

I've always been interested in the possibility of a pair of conjoined twins, joined at the head, being able to read each other's thoughts, react to stimuli that one of them can't see/hear/feel, and ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Can someone who is never speaking of himself and present himself as very altruistic be egocentric / narcissistic?

I've tried to make some searches on egocentrism and its opposite (Allocentrism). The definitions from Wikipedia are: Egocentrism is the inability to differentiate between self and other. More ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

How does robot-assisted autism therapy compare to traditional autism therapy?

There have been many applications of robots for treatment of autism, for example ASK Aldeberan therapy. However, how do the results from these therapies compare to traditional therapies such as ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

How to measure or estimate the prevalence of psychopathology in a particular school?

I wrote a research paper regarding the mental health of adolescents at a local magnet school, emphasizing the sources and affects of stress and the subsequent vulnerabilities it poses to developing ...
0
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1answer
51 views

Emotional detachment as a reaction can be considered an aggressive behavior?

Social Rejection from Wikipedia rejection can be passive, by ignoring a person, or giving the "silent treatment". Is it possible to say that the victim of a verbal aggression who hide or ...
4
votes
1answer
47 views

What is happening neurochemically when we seek to reduce stress by taking aggressive action?

As a layman, it seems to me that humans have 2 primary strategies for controlling stress (cortisol). I tend to use the words “connection” and “aggression” to refer to these strategies. The “...
3
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0answers
135 views

Correlation between anorexia and mass media stereotypes

I know anorexia is a complex phenomenon. I've been reading on Wikipedia that: Sociocultural studies have highlighted the role of cultural factors, such as the promotion of thinness as the ideal ...
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1answer
1k views

Ignoring someone can be considered aggressive?

On social networks I found many people who don't answer to some polite questions. In real life it would be considered unacceptable. I've read an italian resource where it calls this way of behaving ...
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0answers
25 views

Is there a tag for those create exhaustive lists of opportunities?

When someone is incapable of making a choice on behalf of others, and structures everything they do to present every possible option and opportunity, what tends to be the cause of this?
1
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1answer
135 views

Do bullies pick on sociopaths?

As a percentage of their endeavours, do those with a tendency to use bullying focus more or less on sociopaths as a per capita of their targets?
1
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0answers
38 views

Are some of the new age proponents in psychosis? [closed]

Psychosis refers to an abnormal condition of the mind described as involving a "loss of contact with reality". -Wikipedia When I listen to person who practices new age, I often think that is the ...
3
votes
1answer
245 views

What is the relationship between rejection sensitive dysphoria and ADHD?

I discovered something called Rejection Sensitive Dysphoria (RSD). If you google it, the first page will show pages that talk about it in relation to ADHD. What is it about ADHD that causes "nearly ...
4
votes
2answers
7k views

What are the differences between Asperger's Syndrome and Schizoid Personality Disorder?

They are specifically listed as two separate disorders in the ICD, but what are the differences between Asperger's Syndrome and Schizoid Personality Disorder? Since both result in a withdrawal from ...
5
votes
4answers
6k views

What is the definition of sanity? How can I prove someone either sane or insane?

In my experience the definition of insanity is thus: Insanity: The state of being seriously mentally ill, mad, and/or irrational. Is there a proper scientific definition of this term? While ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

How does one distinguish BPD anger from ADHD anger?

Some people with ADHD are known to have difficulties in controlling anger. Whenever a person with ADHD has difficulties in controlling anger, how does one determine whether or not that person really ...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

Can one depressive episode be enough to prescribe antidepressants?

Suppose someone were to see a psychiatrist, explain their life problems and such and then their psychiatrist concludes they are currently in a depressive episode. Their psychiatrist doesn't yet know ...
6
votes
3answers
176 views

How do we know bipolar is one illness rather than two comorbid illnesses?

Based on my previous question about ADHD and OCD. Essentially, ADHD and OCD are kind of opposites in the sense that ADHD people (always? sometimes?) have dopamine deficiency and OCD people (always? ...
1
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0answers
34 views

Do antidepressants reduce displays of anger prevalent in those diagnosed with ADHD?

I read that antidepressants are sometimes used in treating symptoms of ADHD. Is this related to the observation that some people with ADHD have difficulties in managing anger? (according to Wikipedia ...
2
votes
0answers
69 views

Do ADHD exams necessarily test ADHD or merely ADHD-PI?

I read on reddit and Wiki that the types of ADHD are ADHD-PI (predominantly inattentive), ADHD-C (combined) and ADHD-PH (predominantly hyperactive or impulsive). In a psychological test intended to ...
6
votes
1answer
316 views

Does schizophrenia cause a loss of intelligence?

Does having schizophrenia cause a loss of intelligence (as measured by IQ tests)? How does present research comment on this connection, if it exists? Furthermore, is it possible to recover from this ...
3
votes
1answer
281 views

Is fear of parasites an explanation for trypophobia?

Trypophobia is the alleged pathological fear of objects with irregular patterns of holes, such as beehives, ant hills and lotus seed heads. I find some sample pictures that relevant to ...
4
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2answers
136 views

Do people who experience a psychotic episode ever go back to normal?

Do people who experience a fully blown psychotic episode ever go back to their pre-psychosis self?
7
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1answer
7k views

What it is called when a mother has sexual desires towards her son?

I know about Oedipus complex. What is it called when a mother has sexual desires towards her son? Is the term reserved for single mothers or does it include married mothers?
2
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0answers
21 views

The NART as a measure of premorbid IQ in serious mental illness

How reliable is National Adult Reading Test in estimating premorbid IQ in schizophrenia? Is it compromised if the difference between current IQ and the NART is a standard deviation or more?
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Are there any reliable self-tests for autism spectrum disorder?

Are there any reliable tests, on-line or available for download, for auto-diagnosis for autism spectrum disorder (including Asperger syndrome)? I've found that test: http://rdos.net/eng/Aspie-quiz....
4
votes
1answer
57 views

What is the underlying genetic basis for ADHD?

According to Psychcentral depression, bipolar disorder, ADHD, schizophrenia and autism are traceable to the same inherited genetic variations According to AsapSCIENCE, depression could be genetic due ...
2
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0answers
21 views

What is the relationship between anger management difficulties and ADHD?

According to Wikipedia, "Difficulties managing anger are more common in children with ADHD" Is it that the anger is due to ADHD specifically? Is the anger suggestive of a comorbid disorder? Could it ...
1
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0answers
45 views

Is it possible to develop immunity to mental health drugs?

After watching The Princess Bride, I discovered this word: Mithridatism, "the practice of protecting oneself against a poison by gradually self-administering non-lethal amounts." Is it possible for ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

What causes fetishes? Are they sexual disorders?

Why do people have fetishes, such as foot fetishes? How do such fetishes form? Are childhood incidents the main cause of fetishes? Are fetishes a sexual disorder?
2
votes
2answers
220 views

What's the difference between perseveration and hyperfocus?

Dr. Russell Barkley says hyperfocus goes with autism while perseveration goes with ADHD. I read that perseveration is the same as hyperfocus or that hyperfocus goes with ADHD. So what's the ...