For questions about this branch of psychology which seeks to classify and characterize mental disorders. Aberrant or socially maladaptive thought patterns are the earmarks of many of these disorders, but the extent to which they are socially abnormal is evaluated subjectively based on customs and ...

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2answers
94 views

What is the difference between social anxiety disorder and shyness?

It seems that there are similar symptoms shown by people who suffer social anxiety and shyness, but what is actually the main difference between them? Thank you.
7
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1answer
1k views

The relationship between narcissism and self-esteem

Given that personality disorders are rooted in abnormal experience and development. There has been much discussion about the aetiology of Narcissistic Personality Disorder. Having a concept of the ...
2
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0answers
51 views

Tendency to see novelty in mundane and trivial statements

There exists a psychological phenomenon whereupon a person may encounter a rather trivial or mundane statement or thought, but would not recognize it as such; instead a person would experience a sense ...
4
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1answer
44 views

Are there first person accounts of monothematic delusions?

Monothematic delusions are delusions that concern a single topic (Davies et al. 2001). They are often the result of acquired brain damage and include the Delusional Misidentification Syndromes, such ...
2
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0answers
32 views

What is the most common form of delusional misidentification?

The delusional misidentification syndrome (DMS) is a condition in which a patient consistently misidentifies persons, places, objects, or events. Broome (2004) affirms that: The most common form ...
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0answers
12 views

Personality disorder beginnings in parental narcissism and eating disorders

During childhood, are parental narcissism coupled with a pre-teen eating disorder good indicators of adult personality disorders, such as classic or covert narcissism? If an eating disorder occurs at ...
4
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1answer
115 views

Is “Schizophrenic” considered to be a derogatory or offensive term?

In US English, "Schizoid" is considered a derogatory term, while "patient/person with Schizoid Personality Disorder" is the "politically correct" term (and more accurate). For this reason I wanted to ...
7
votes
4answers
215 views

What is the difference between a psychopath and sociopath?

The Internet is of course full of memes from Sherlock Holmes show, based on one of the episodes having Sherlock self-diagnose: I'm not a psychopath, I'm a highly functioning sociopath But what ...
2
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0answers
24 views

ADHD Symptoms Emerging in Adolescence or Young Adulthood

I recently read a fascinating article about the pattern of young women receiving ADHD diagnoses after first displaying symptoms in their late teens or early twenties, typically corresponding to ...
4
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2answers
67 views

Difference between brain disease and brain disorder

Is there any difference between the terms brain disease and brain disorder? They are often used in combination without ...
7
votes
1answer
771 views

What is the relationship between post-traumatic stress disorder and fugue states?

The introduction of the new edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders ("DSM-5") is on the horizon. With it are coming some new, evidence-based diagnoses for dissociative ...
3
votes
1answer
51 views

What is, formally speaking, major depressive disorder?

DSM and ICD define a mental disorder called major depressive disorder (MDD), and I suppose the notion of MDD defines quite rigorous criteria and methods to diagnose it in people. I don't know, how MDD ...
4
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1answer
90 views

Criterion for Asperger's Syndrome

I realize that the diagnostic criteria for Asperger's Syndrome (AS) have changed with the latest version of the DSM, but there was a criterion in the DSM-IV for AS that I didn't understand: "marked ...
4
votes
1answer
105 views

What are the key predictive traits of therapeutic success?

In my answer here, to this question : Does hypnosis in any form for any type of disorder work? It brought up the valid question of why people quit therapy. Obviously, if the therapy is not helpful, ...
0
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0answers
20 views

The Hollywood Question: Does love improve the prognosis for mental illness?

We've all seen the sitcom or movie where the girl with OCD falls in love with the hunk and learns to calm down and manage her anxiety. My question is specifically which mental illnesses improve with ...
6
votes
1answer
98 views

Is there any empirical support evaluating the fast phobia cure?

There have been several papers going against the effectiveness of NLP. One aggregate paper is referenced in the Wikipedia article on NLP, namely Witkowski (2010). However, NLP seems to encompass a ...
3
votes
1answer
32 views

Is the condition Pathological Intoxication recognised as real?

The plot of the movie Final Analysis revolves around a murder committed by a person diagnosed with Pathological Intoxication. The following study confirms the: probable existence of a discrete ...
17
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3answers
11k views

Is extreme empathy and compassion considered a disorder?

Can extreme empathy and compassion get to a point where it is considered a disorder? For example, if someone is so empathetic, when feeling someones pain it negatively affects their life to the same ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

What are the cognitive elements of dangerous behaviors? [closed]

I am looking for theories or articles that focused on cognitive elements contributing to risk-taking behaviors. For example it is known that response inhibition is linked to impulsive behaviors. I am ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

Does the Minnesota 12 steps model really produce an effective change in the treatment of drugs addictions?

The Minnesota 12 steps model intends to cure drug addiction, but doesn't deeply deal with the personality structure underlying addiction. We know today how addiction is a problem with an enormous ...
1
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0answers
46 views

Brain structures related to risk-taking behavior

I did a preliminary research on brain structures in which activity might underlie risk-taking behavior. I came to two research that described right prefrontal cortex (Knoch et al., 2006), or ...
3
votes
1answer
71 views

What causes pathological jealousy?

Taking the meaning of the word pathological to mean maladaptive and unhealthy. What is/are the aetiology of pathological jealousy? What conditions are associated with features of pathological ...
1
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0answers
29 views

Is it harmful for a right handed person to play a left handed guitar

This is a little bit of music especially handedness. But I do believe it's more inclined to cognitive sciences. Here's my case. I'm naturally a right handed person, writing, throwing, picking up ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Where to find statistical prevalence data for psychopathology over time?

Are there any places where is possible to find historical data for trends of psychological disease? For example some Google website (similar to google trends or NGrams)
4
votes
2answers
285 views

What are the differences between Asperger's Syndrome and Schizoid Personality Disorder?

They are specifically listed as two separate disorders in the ICD, but what are the differences between Asperger's Syndrome and Schizoid Personality Disorder? Since both result in a withdrawal from ...
2
votes
2answers
58 views

Terminology for deep-seated feelings?

I'm interested in human emotion. Particularly, we have many words for different emotions, such as love, hate, etc. The issue arises that I have not found words for some of the emotions I've heard my ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

What is the actual name of the condition where one has the absolute desire to be in a group?

Is the following a medical condition by itself, and if so what is could be its name? If not, how can it be described? There are 3 groups in a set of people (...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

Do introverts tend to experience more psychological problems?

Are there any evidence suggesting that the more introvert people could be more subject to psychological problems? Is possible to hypothesize that one of the causes is the lack of ideas in comparison ...
0
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0answers
23 views

Are antidepressants and anxiolytics helping cognitive restructuring?

After some anxious attack it's common a prescription of antidepressants, anxiolytics and psychotherapy. In case of cognitive-comportamental therapy is the usage of this pharmacological device making ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Would a patient benefit from continuing psychotherapy even after solving his pathology?

According to this question: Would most people benefit from psychotherapy? most people would benefit from psychotherapy. I'm trying to narrow that question to only the people which have experienced ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

Correlation between anorexia and mass media stereotypes

I know anorexia is a complex phenomenon. I've been reading on Wikipedia that: Sociocultural studies have highlighted the role of cultural factors, such as the promotion of thinness as the ideal ...
1
vote
2answers
115 views

What are the DSM requirements for 'Paranoid Personality Disorder'?

What are the requirements for Paranoid Personality Disorder as specified by the current revision of the Diagnostic Statistical Manual?
2
votes
4answers
623 views

What are the dangers of using mindfulness-based techniques for individuals suffering from Schizophrenia?

I am unable to find much research on the application of mindfulnesss for those suffering from Schizophrenia. A recent study by Chien and Lee (2013) focuses on the application of a psychoeducation ...
0
votes
3answers
176 views

How to change someone's beliefs?

I tried to change my brother's beliefs. He gets motivated by some bad ideas. Following my attempt to change his beliefs, his beliefs have become even stronger.
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Is there any scientific study of private day dreaming that involves movement and verbalising?

Background: When I'm alone and imagining a scene in my head, I make the shapes I'm imagining with my hands, blinking a bit and making the noises I imagine. I get so absorbed that I don't even see my ...
0
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0answers
65 views

Can learning too much cause the information stored in our brain to become chaotic or tangled?

Although a complete novice in brain science, I have been curious. My question might appear to be similar to this previously asked question, but I believe I am addressing a different case. The ...
21
votes
5answers
2k views

What is the psychology behind trolling?

For those new to the internet, trolling is an activity where one person intentionally tries to upset other members of the same community, presumably for entertainment. This has been informally ...
4
votes
2answers
120 views

Is perfectionism related to OCD?

Is it right to say that a really strong attitude and stubbornness to do something is really similar to an obsession? I'll try to explain better what I mean. Let's take a really good developer or a ...
4
votes
1answer
69 views

Would most people benefit from psychotherapy?

At least in my country, undergoing psychotherapy is perceived negatively. People in my country perceive people as either healthy (normal), or mad and in need of a psychologist. My perception is ...
0
votes
2answers
79 views

Prevalence of psychological “problems”

Giulio Cesare Giacobbe is an expert of psychosynthesis. In one of his books (Alla Ricerca delle Coccole Perdute) he speaks of childish, neurotic people. He says most people are childish and neurotic. ...
17
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2answers
441 views

Do the neural substrates behind motivation to retain/dispose of property govern whether certain people view their friends and partners as possessions?

I'm trying to understand why people have sometimes have the ability to sever ties with valuable connections, e.g., people that have up until that time meant a lot to them. Colloquially, people use ...
4
votes
1answer
376 views

What is depersonalization and derealization disorder from a neurological point of view?

Lately, there is a lot of information on the psychological, experiential and behavioral aspects of DP/DR. (I find it most interesting as many have described it as having one foot in the spiritual ...
6
votes
2answers
189 views

Is there a scientific term for when you fall asleep because you can't handle something?

I'm wondering if there is a scientific term that describes when you fall asleep or pass out after some traumatic event? This effect happens when people witness something gruesome (a friend being ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Is there any plausible answer for naturally explaining veridical perception in near death experiences?

Is there any way to explain veridical perception in near death experiences and out of body experiences, naturally? Or is it strong evidence that the mind is a soul?
1
vote
2answers
628 views

Sadistic personality disorder, psychopathy and correlation with violence

Going through some article, it seems the differences between the descriptions for sadistic personality disorder and psychopathy is minimal, if at all existent. In the first article it appears the ...
14
votes
4answers
7k views

Is pedophilia a sexual orientation or a mental disorder?

There are some different claims being made that pedophilia is a sexual orientation rather than a mental disorder. At the moment there seems to be a growing group of psychologists advocating that ...
1
vote
1answer
225 views

Is paraphilia related to BDSM on the rise?

I am studying human sexuality in particular I have reached the point in my studies of abnormal sexual behaviour. With the popularization of the BDSM topic (especially the troubling sadism and ...
3
votes
3answers
56 views

What is the scientific term for compulsive documenting of life experiences?

I'm posting this question on someone else's behalf: What is the name for someone who has a compulsive need to categorically document everything they do and everything that happens to them? ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

What is the current state of SAD treatment according to research?

Seasonal Affective disorder SAD affects many people moods during seasons when the sun is less prevalent, myself no included. What is the current state of SAD treatment options according to published ...
6
votes
1answer
93 views

What is the relative effectiveness of self initiated versus therapy approaches to repairing damaged body schema?

Several studies discuss the damaged body schema of amputees and people suffering from CRPS. By damaged body schema I mean where the body their mind constructs doesn't match up with the body that is ...