For questions about this branch of psychology which seeks to classify and characterize mental disorders. Aberrant or socially maladaptive thought patterns are the earmarks of many of these disorders, but the extent to which they are socially abnormal is evaluated subjectively based on customs and ...

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1answer
34 views

Are psychiatric disorders merely statistical deviations?

When we suppose that a segment X of the population is at high-risk for disorder Y, don't we assume that anyone carries the same psychophenotype, yet not in a statistically-significant degree?
6
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1answer
58 views

PTSD based on false memories

Memory is not just static snapshots or video on a harddrive, but an active process. As such, it is possible to construct false memories (Brainerd & Reyna, 2005). Some of these false memories can ...
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1answer
64 views

Are all psychological problems only biochemical in nature?

Are all psychological problems only biochemical in nature or do some 'mental' components ( that is some form of conceptual 'conditioning' caused directly or indirectly or 'subconsciously' by the ...
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1answer
46 views

What causes Capgras (“imposter”) Syndrome?

Capgras Syndrome is a rare disorder in which a person believes his or her loved ones have been replaced by identical-looking impostors (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capgras_delusion). What causes this ...
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0answers
15 views

What techniques exist that reduce fear/stress/anxiety (PTSD symptoms) for the following x hours?

I'm interested if the human brain can be rapidly desensitized to fear/stress or anxiety (or general distress caused by PTSD) by using some technique. For example: a person had a bad job ...
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0answers
18 views

Concerning mental states and how much the mind can influence itself

In the movie 'A Beautiful Mind' about John Nash who in the movie was said to have schizophrenia he actually said , according to the movie he wanted to try to 'think' his way out of the condition. He ...
2
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1answer
359 views

Where to find a study on women and selfies?

I have recently read the following Yahoo article: Guys, this is why you should never post too many selfies on social media. This article describes a study that correlates selfies taken by men and ...
4
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1answer
59 views

What is the difference between Megalomania and Narcissism?

As far as I can tell, both megalomania and narcissism are found in [delusions of] grandiosity. Perhaps megalomania has more focus on power, rather than just being well liked? What is the primary ...
1
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1answer
68 views

What does speaking in third person denote?

Is speaking (or preferring to speak, even if not actually doing it) about oneself in third person a symptom of any specific mental condition? I can remember a person in an IRC role playing chat room ...
6
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2answers
98 views

Do lonely people get addicted more easily than social counterparts?

So called "Rat Park" study conducted in the late 1970s indicated that lonely rats get drug addicted more easily than social ones. Does anyone know if there are more recent studies about the topic? ...
3
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1answer
73 views

Why do some people stutter only when they are nervous?

Background: I don't stutter at least not always. For example, if I be reading out a article to myself, It is sure that I will not stutter even that I am reading it out loud. The times when I do ...
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1answer
29 views

What is the concordance rate for schizophrenia in monozygotic and dizygotic twins?

What is general level of concordance for twins and is it higher for monozygotic twins? What research is available on this?
0
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1answer
58 views

Freudian repressed unconscious as the biological reason behind self-destructive behavior?

Self-destructive habits include: - smoking whilst being aware of the effects - not exercising whilst knowing that it is healthier to do so - taking one more hit of a drug "for the last time, really" ...
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1answer
58 views

How, other than pharmacotherapy, can those diagnosed with thought disorders be treated?

In general, major depressive disorder is treated with pharmacotherapy, and talk therapy, as well as other little things written below: People know what the little things you can do if you're ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

“Do it yourself” Cognitive-Behavioral-Therapy-style intervention methods

In Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, what should happen between the occurrence of a negative automatic thought and, finally, its neutralization is logical thinking: looking at the evidence for the ...
1
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1answer
51 views

Can a person with multiple personality disorder have one of their personality based on a real person?

Can a person with multiple personality disorder have one of their personality based on a real person encountered during their lifetime? For example, in a family with multiple children, can one of the ...
6
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1answer
60 views

What is the correlation between the development of the sense of self and the senses?

Children develop different senses of self at a couple of different ages. Normally developing children pass the 'Sally-Anne' test at about 4 years of age and the 'Mirror test' at around 18 months. My ...
1
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1answer
63 views

How to address a narcissist to go to therapy?

Often people go to a therapist when they start to experience a strong personal discomfort, however often this never happens as because their personality is egosyntonic. However for whoever is ...
0
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1answer
92 views

Is there a name for having an obsessive interest in new topics for short periods of time?

I have the tendency to get obsessively interested in a subject for 2 weeks, get bored, and then move on to something else. For instance I have just started learning about chess and find myself ...
0
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1answer
74 views

Is there a name for highly aggressive non-violent people?

I know an individual who has incredibly aggressive mannerisms including snatching things, raising voice and speaking with a very aggressive tone of voice. However, since this person is completely ...
3
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2answers
151 views

The psychology of nymphomania

So this is a question that requires maturity and discretion. I present it as an authentic point of research for a class I am taking. I understand the basic principles of mania, psychomania, and ...
2
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0answers
69 views

Tendency to see novelty in mundane and trivial statements

There exists a psychological phenomenon whereupon a person may encounter a rather trivial or mundane statement or thought, but would not recognize it as such; instead a person would experience a sense ...
4
votes
1answer
54 views

Are there first person accounts of monothematic delusions?

Monothematic delusions are delusions that concern a single topic (Davies et al. 2001). They are often the result of acquired brain damage and include the Delusional Misidentification Syndromes, such ...
2
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2answers
158 views

What is the difference between social anxiety disorder and shyness?

It seems that there are similar symptoms shown by people who suffer social anxiety and shyness, but what is actually the main difference between them? Thank you.
2
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0answers
40 views

What is the most common form of delusional misidentification?

The delusional misidentification syndrome (DMS) is a condition in which a patient consistently misidentifies persons, places, objects, or events. Broome (2004) affirms that: The most common form ...
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0answers
26 views

Personality disorder beginnings in parental narcissism and eating disorders

During childhood, are parental narcissism coupled with a pre-teen eating disorder good indicators of adult personality disorders, such as classic or covert narcissism? If an eating disorder occurs at ...
4
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1answer
212 views

Is “Schizophrenic” considered to be a derogatory or offensive term?

In US English, "Schizoid" is considered a derogatory term, while "patient/person with Schizoid Personality Disorder" is the "politically correct" term (and more accurate). For this reason I wanted to ...
2
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0answers
40 views

ADHD Symptoms Emerging in Adolescence or Young Adulthood

I recently read a fascinating article about the pattern of young women receiving ADHD diagnoses after first displaying symptoms in their late teens or early twenties, typically corresponding to ...
4
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2answers
84 views

Difference between brain disease and brain disorder

Is there any difference between the terms brain disease and brain disorder? They are often used in combination without ...
3
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1answer
86 views

What is, formally speaking, major depressive disorder?

DSM and ICD define a mental disorder called major depressive disorder (MDD), and I suppose the notion of MDD defines quite rigorous criteria and methods to diagnose it in people. I don't know, how MDD ...
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votes
4answers
345 views

What is the difference between a psychopath and sociopath?

The Internet is of course full of memes from Sherlock Holmes show, based on one of the episodes having Sherlock self-diagnose: I'm not a psychopath, I'm a highly functioning sociopath But what ...
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0answers
30 views

The Hollywood Question: Does love improve the prognosis for mental illness?

We've all seen the sitcom or movie where the girl with OCD falls in love with the hunk and learns to calm down and manage her anxiety. My question is specifically which mental illnesses improve with ...
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0answers
49 views

Brain structures related to risk-taking behavior

I did a preliminary research on brain structures in which activity might underlie risk-taking behavior. I came to two research that described right prefrontal cortex (Knoch et al., 2006), or ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

What are the cognitive elements of dangerous behaviors? [closed]

I am looking for theories or articles that focused on cognitive elements contributing to risk-taking behaviors. For example it is known that response inhibition is linked to impulsive behaviors. I am ...
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0answers
44 views

Is it harmful for a right handed person to play a left handed guitar

This is a little bit of music especially handedness. But I do believe it's more inclined to cognitive sciences. Here's my case. I'm naturally a right handed person, writing, throwing, picking up ...
2
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0answers
41 views

Does the Minnesota 12 steps model really produce an effective change in the treatment of drugs addictions?

The Minnesota 12 steps model intends to cure drug addiction, but doesn't deeply deal with the personality structure underlying addiction. We know today how addiction is a problem with an enormous ...
2
votes
2answers
86 views

Terminology for deep-seated feelings?

I'm interested in human emotion. Particularly, we have many words for different emotions, such as love, hate, etc. The issue arises that I have not found words for some of the emotions I've heard my ...
4
votes
1answer
101 views

Criterion for Asperger's Syndrome

I realize that the diagnostic criteria for Asperger's Syndrome (AS) have changed with the latest version of the DSM, but there was a criterion in the DSM-IV for AS that I didn't understand: "marked ...
0
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0answers
45 views

What is the actual name of the condition where one has the absolute desire to be in a group?

Is the following a medical condition by itself, and if so what is could be its name? If not, how can it be described? There are 3 groups in a set of people (...
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0answers
57 views

Where to find statistical prevalence data for psychopathology over time?

Are there any places where is possible to find historical data for trends of psychological disease? For example some Google website (similar to google trends or NGrams)
0
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0answers
27 views

Are antidepressants and anxiolytics helping cognitive restructuring?

After some anxious attack it's common a prescription of antidepressants, anxiolytics and psychotherapy. In case of cognitive-comportamental therapy is the usage of this pharmacological device making ...
3
votes
1answer
132 views

Do introverts tend to experience more psychological problems?

Are there any evidence suggesting that the more introvert people could be more subject to psychological problems? Is possible to hypothesize that one of the causes is the lack of ideas in comparison ...
1
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0answers
29 views

Would a patient benefit from continuing psychotherapy even after solving his pathology?

According to this question: Would most people benefit from psychotherapy? most people would benefit from psychotherapy. I'm trying to narrow that question to only the people which have experienced ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

What are the differences between Asperger's Syndrome and Schizoid Personality Disorder?

They are specifically listed as two separate disorders in the ICD, but what are the differences between Asperger's Syndrome and Schizoid Personality Disorder? Since both result in a withdrawal from ...
1
vote
2answers
132 views

What are the DSM requirements for 'Paranoid Personality Disorder'?

What are the requirements for Paranoid Personality Disorder as specified by the current revision of the Diagnostic Statistical Manual?
1
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1answer
50 views

Is there any scientific study of private day dreaming that involves movement and verbalising?

Background: When I'm alone and imagining a scene in my head, I make the shapes I'm imagining with my hands, blinking a bit and making the noises I imagine. I get so absorbed that I don't even see my ...
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0answers
85 views

Can learning too much cause the information stored in our brain to become chaotic or tangled?

Although a complete novice in brain science, I have been curious. My question might appear to be similar to this previously asked question, but I believe I am addressing a different case. The ...
2
votes
0answers
84 views

Correlation between anorexia and mass media stereotypes

I know anorexia is a complex phenomenon. I've been reading on Wikipedia that: Sociocultural studies have highlighted the role of cultural factors, such as the promotion of thinness as the ideal ...
4
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1answer
74 views

Would most people benefit from psychotherapy?

At least in my country, undergoing psychotherapy is perceived negatively. People in my country perceive people as either healthy (normal), or mad and in need of a psychologist. My perception is ...
0
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2answers
105 views

Prevalence of psychological “problems”

Giulio Cesare Giacobbe is an expert of psychosynthesis. In one of his books (Alla Ricerca delle Coccole Perdute) he speaks of childish, neurotic people. He says most people are childish and neurotic. ...