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Source: 'Putting a Bolder Face on Google' By LAURA M. HOLSON

At a recent personnel meeting, she homes in on grade-point averages and SAT scores to narrow a list of candidates, many having graduated from Ivy League schools, whom she wanted to meet as part of a program to foster in-house talent. In essence, math is used to solve a human problem: How do you predict whether an employee has the potential for success?

A scrum of executives sit around a table, laptops in front of them, as they sort through résumés, college transcripts and quarterly reviews. The conversation is unemotional, at times a little brutal.

One candidate got a C in macroeconomics. “That’s troubling to me,” Ms. [Marissa] Mayer says. “Good students are good at all things.”

Another candidate looked promising with a quarterly rating from a supervisor of 3.5, out of 4, which meant she had exceeded her manager’s expectations. Ms. Mayer is suspicious, however, because her rating hasn’t changed in several quarters.

What does research indicate about this claim? For example, can a preeminent literature or law student truly struggle in math, and vice versa, or is this just a common excuse/pretext? What branch of psychology does my question here concern?

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This is pretty broad. Of course people can struggle with one subject while being good at something else. For example, I suck at basketball, but I managed to get through a MS in engineering (and working on PhD). Please narrow it down. –  rmayer06 Jan 13 at 22:39
    
Fits Stack Exchange Academia –  AliceD Jan 13 at 23:05
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@rmayer06 Thanks, but I intended to refer to only academic subjects, and not sports. Does this tighten the context? –  LePressentiment Jan 13 at 23:14
    
Not really. The academic world is just as broad, with some fields requiring different skills. I also am lousy at drawing, but am a good musician (both artistic academic fields). –  rmayer06 Jan 14 at 1:19
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To me this question is concise and on topic. I vote to keep and not close. –  what Jan 14 at 9:22

2 Answers 2

I would say that the reasoning behind a statement such as "good students are good in all things" is not one concerning the possibly wide variety of interests and abilities but one of emotional stability and general life competency.

No one in their right mind would doubt that different people are interested in different things and therefore not equally motivated to learn all skills and all knowledge. Most people would probably also agree that not everyone is equally talented at everything. Even the best students can be divided into those that excel at one topic and those that excel at another. There are rare individuals who excel in a lot of areas, but usually the best violinist is not also the best physicist, etc. So while "good" students are probably "good" in most areas, they are not the best everywhere. This makes the statement in question less severe, allowing us to rephrase it as:

"In most individuals, there appears to be a correlation between performance in different areas. Only very rarely is one person a top achiever in one field and a total looser in another."

The reason for this is that performance is, as we view "intelligence" today, not the result of an area-specific talent for, say, language versus maths, but that people differ in such characteristics as memory capaciy or processing speed, and that all skills depend on all of these physiological capacities. You need good memory for both language and math, you need processing speed for music as well as for physics. Therefore, someone who is good at maths is potentially also good at most everything else.

But more important than that all performance in all areas is based on the same physiological requirements is that the statement in question is, as I see it, not about ability at all, but about mental health.

What that woman is saying is that a person successful at life knows that good marks in school or college are important and has the will to get those good marks. Consistent good marks show not superior ability alone, but that a person has the emotional stability, familial support, and the physiological requirements to be successful in their lives in general.

If someone does not have straight As, with maybe a rare B, then you can almost always assume that they (a) are not good, or (b) have personal problems, or (c) are not interested. You want neither in an applicant. In that sense, a "good" (as in "good for our company") employee is (at least) "good" (that is, B) everywhere.

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From my studies, I didnt come across any link between moral development and intellignece.

I saw some research that shows people with high IQ are 20% more prone to suicide ;)

A more rational society could have lower crime/offenses rates. But violence and wrong doing would still exist because more people would derive their morality from the evolutionary theory or some hedonist ethical philosophy (instead of utilitarian philosophy).

I know that you dont understand my answer, because you have no knowledge in psychology or social sciences.

Your question is too broad and it should be closed.

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This is not an answer to the question (even in the overly broad terms that you seem to construe it in), and is also rude: "I know that you don't understand my answer" –  Artem Kaznatcheev May 13 at 18:36

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