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I've learned through course lectures that infants can recognize faces shortly after birth (Slater & Quinn, 2001), and have a visual preference for human features as young as 1-month-old (Sanefuji et al., 2011)[pdf]. Infants are also known to prefer hearing their mother's voices (DeCasper & Fifer, 1980) and motherese (Fernald,1984). Prefences for higher-pitched singing also suggests that babies may in general prefer higher pitches (Trainor & Zacharias, 1997).

In general I would like to know more comprehensively what types of sound preferences do young infants have? And when is the youngest age for which these preferences are observed?

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It seems that the preference for mother's voice develops in the fetus at about 32-34 weeks after gestation. –  Artem Kaznatcheev May 13 '12 at 20:26
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