I think you will want to look into ecological psychological models for perception.
Some cornerstones include 'the gorila study' show inattentional blindness
Others are among the many sub-phenomenon with Persistence of Vision studies, many of which now focus on the a concept called Iconic Memory. These matters deal with misapprehension of (usually incomplete) visual stimuli due to the action of cognition to create a meaningful recogition (e.g. probably what is 'ready for encoding / memory'). This also generally covers the phenomenology where we receive too-few stilimuli (objects moving too fast), and must cognize the available information to create meaning.
Here are a few good perspectives on human vision. This is far from being a comprehensive set of human vision limitations, but if you dig into their references, you will find much of the community that studies this topic.
Shaffer, D., Dolgov, I., Maynor, A., & Kelly, K. (in press). Blind(fold)ed by science:
A constant target-heading angle is used in visual and nonvisual pursuit.
Schwark, J., Sandry, J., McDonald, J., & Dolgov, I. (2012). False feedback in vigilance
tasks. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 74, 1583-1589
Dolgov, I., McBeath, M., & Sugar, T. (2009). Evidence for axis-aligned motion
bias: Football axis-trajectory misalignment causes systematic error in projected
final destinations of thrown American footballs. Perception, 38(3), 399-410.
(source / disclosure, I know some of the authors of the above papers)