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Are there any other newer / more sophisticated and valid test useful in a diagnosis and further treatment of clinical problems?

I'm interested in clinical diagnosis.

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Imagine, after a cognitive therapy the MMPI test fails to recognize other problems of the subject. But the subject seems to be still affected by: - Narcissism - Stubbornness - Mental Rigidity – Revious Mar 2 '14 at 14:04
up vote 4 down vote accepted

In clinical psychology, two kinds of general personality tests are in use today.

One kind of test is not a specialized clinical test but tests personality in general. These tests are used outside of clinical contexts as well. There are many models of personality and a multitude of tests to measure personality according to each model, but the most popular model of general personality today is the Big Five or Five Factor model, and one of the most valid and reliable tests for this model is the NEO-PI-R.

The other kind of test is one that tests for symptoms of psychological disorders according to one of the two popular diagnostic manuals, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) and the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD). The most popular test today is probably the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV.

Besides these general tests, clinicians will use one or more tests to measure specific aspects of personality or specific symptoms, according to their impression of the patient or a diagnosis given by the refering phyisician, psychiatrist or psychologist. These specialised tests are too numerous to list here.

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