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Why do people have fetishes, such as foot fetishes?
How do such fetishes form? Are childhood incidents the main cause of fetishes? Are fetishes a sexual disorder?

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2 Answers 2

A fetish is arousal from an inanimate/non-living/non-sentient object. They fall into two categories: media fetish (e.g., a fetish for leather, regardless of the form it takes), and form fetish (e.g., a shoe fetish, regardless of the material the shoe is made out of). There are multiple theories on how fetishes develop:

  • Classical Conditioning - the individual comes to associate the otherwise neutral object with arousal/orgasm (an example that comes to mind would be an individual seeing an attractive person in a leather outfit, and getting aroused - they might come to associate the outfit with the cause of the arousal, instead of the person, leading leather to become associated with the arousal and causing a leather fetish to develop). This can occur from a single episode of exposure.

  • Cognitive Distortion - the individual's mind incorrectly appraises a neutral object as erotic, causing them to perceive arousal from what may be misinterpreted feelings of guilt/embarassment. This continues in a cycle of guilt -> arousal -> incorrect appraisal ad nauseum, leading to the development of the fetish.

What you are asking about is actually referred to as Partialism - arousal from a specific body part :)

I was unable to find any reliable explanations of how partialism develops, but I can confirm that neither partialism or fetishism are considered abnormal unless they cause significant impairment or distress to the individual, or cause issues with the individual's lawful functioning in society. Either would be considered a sexual disorder if that criteria is met, otherwise they would not be classified under the DSM as a disorder. Generally, in order for this criteria to be met, the fetish would need to be rather prevalent, so, by that definition, someone simply having a private preference which does not interfere with normal day-to-day functioning would not be seen as having a sexual disorder.

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Having one or more fetishes is very widespread, and thus rather normal.

The prevalence of fetishism is not known with certainty.[21] The majority of fetishists are male.[21] In a 2011 study, 30% of men reported fetishistic fantasies, and 24.5% had engaged in fetishistic acts. Of those reporting fantasies, 45% said the fetish was intensely sexually arousing.[23] In a 2014 study, 26.3% of women and 27.8% of men acknowledged any fantasies about "having sex with a fetish or non-sexual object".

A disorder is per definiton something abnormal

disorder [dis-or´der] a derangement or abnormality of function;

So the answer to your question would per definition be: No. Having fetishes is normal and not a disorder.

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