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Personal sleep-deprivation study: Recently, I posed a question that I'm sure many people find tough already: "Do I really need to sleep?", and so I tested myself, I spent two days without sleeping. The result was: 1. I just can't handle this anymore, gonna sleep; 2. Eyes and hand trembling; 3. Random muscle contraction; 4. High blood pressure; 5. Headaches; 6. Head overheat; 7. Pain, pain everywhere;

Theorising: The symptoms of sleep deprivation seemed similar to symptoms of withdrawal associated with drug addiction. Thus, What if sleep is simply just another addiction? What if we are too used to sleeping since we were born, and in the reality we don't need to ? What is the reason for sleeping?- If the main reason is the brain heating, wouldn't a brain cooler or some refreshment system do the job? It is known that sleeping state is different from simply lying down, still that does not prove that sleep isn't an addiction, am I right?

Questions

  • Is sleep truly necessary?
  • Are the effects of sleep deprivation analagous to withdrawal symptoms following drug addiction?
  • Can we learn to function without sleep? (i.e., after the withdrawal symptoms disappear)
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Interesting question! Not sure if I'll get around to a full answer, but wanted to let you know that sleep almost certainly has a purpose, and probably has several. The one I know the most about is memory consolidation, where sleep is used to replay the day's events to better train the brain –  zergylord Jun 22 '13 at 5:07
    
If we had never slept, wouldn't our brain learn how to do those memory consolidation without it ? Do we consolidate memories at sleep since we're born or we learn it with time?, thanks for your comment –  Enoque Duarte Jun 22 '13 at 12:47
    
What about muscle and tissue repair/regeneration? Most of it happens during periods of minimal activity which is almost always sleep. Drugs may (not) create the same degree of rest/inactivity in our body. –  AsheeshR Jun 22 '13 at 12:52
    
wouldnt something like to lie on the sofa/bed (without sleeping) have also minimal activity and repair muscles? –  Enoque Duarte Jun 22 '13 at 12:57
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Sleep state is different from simply lying down, as I understand it. –  AsheeshR Jun 24 '13 at 3:13
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This reminds me of something one of my psychology professors said to me: "the body needs rest, but the brain needs sleep" (it's a common enough saying, but that's where I heard it). And this is pretty well borne out by extensive research in a variety of fields.

First, is sleep a habit or addiction that can be kicked? Well, people have managed this, actually. And the results are quite clear: severely reduced performance, PTSD, hallucinations, psychosis, and eventually catatonic states. The military and old psychiatric studies do a thorough job of cataloguing the more severe end of the spectrum wit real world examples.

In common parlance, lack of sleep can be attained, and it universally drives people stupid right up until it drives them insane. This is the result not just of sleep-deprivation torture techniques, but with pharmaceuticals that interfere with the drive or ability to fall asleep. There are naturally occurring illnesses that make people unable to sleep, and these all end the same way: if a person does not sleep they lose their ability to function first effectively, then rationally, and finally one cannot function at all.

In this way, sleep is like eating, and far harder to find an alternative. Some research I recall studied meditation and some methods to induce a sleep-like state that partially reduced the need for sleep - but it was a minor reduction that did not even hint at the possibility of elimination.

But why do we need to sleep? Well, not being a sleep scientist myself, I defer to a nice Harvard write-up that says, in short "we don't really know for sure." But there are plenty of theories supported by research, and one of the most recent (and perhaps critical) is the role in brain plasticity:

One of the most recent and compelling explanations for why we sleep is based on findings that sleep is correlated to changes in the structure and organization of the brain. This phenomenon, known as brain plasticity, is not entirely understood, but its connection to sleep has several critical implications. It is becoming clear, for example, that sleep plays a critical role in brain development in infants and young children. Infants spend about 13 to 14 hours per day sleeping, and about half of that time is spent in REM sleep, the stage in which most dreams occur. A link between sleep and brain plasticity is becoming clear in adults as well. This is seen in the effect that sleep and sleep deprivation have on people's ability to learn and perform a variety of tasks.

As to why the symptoms you experienced seem similar to drug withdrawal, this is partly a coincidence; there are many illnesses and body states that produce the exact same symptoms - ask anyone who's experienced "abdominal pain". This is actually how medicine use to work up until the modern age, where illness and disease was categorized based on symptoms. It just 'feels' like a good system, but this is also why looking up any system online will indicate you might have cancer; a fever has dozens of common causes, twitches even more, and pain has countless more.

As an aside, this is also a major area of growth in the clinical psychology/psychiatry field, where someday in the future we may learn enough about mental illness to no longer define conditions according to systems but by underlying causes and treatments. But I digress...

There is also partial similarity due to underlying physiology/psychology. Pain, for instance, has an extremely strong mental component (some would argue that it is the largest component on day-to-day pain), but also sleep seems to have a role in bodily maintenance tasks like tissue/muscle repair as well. So if you aren't sleeping you are miserable, and that makes pain worse and seem to emanate from everywhere, and if your body is repairing muscles at a lower rate than normal then you are experiencing a genuine increase in communicated muscle/tissue pain to make things even worse.

Finally, I would note that sleep is an addiction - but so is breathing. Just because it is an addiction doesn't mean it's something you can - or at least should - try to defeat :)

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You say sleep is something that cant be kicked, because it causes severely reduced performance, PTSD, hallucinations, psychosis, etc, BUT, what i think is that, obviously those effects are not direclty caused by Sleep, Sleep may reproduce some kind of logical procedures over all the brain like reindexing memory, "garbage collection", SO, in fact, there might be some other way to reproduce those logic procedures no ? –  Enoque Duarte Mar 14 at 18:57
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