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In educational psychology goal orientation is a popular construct. In particular popular dimensions of goal orientation include performance-approach, performance-avoidance, and mastery. The studies that I have read (e.g., Elliot et al, 1999) have used self-report measures of goal orientation. I.e., students have been asked to rate themselves.

In general, I am sceptical of people's self-ratings of their performance or strategy. Thus, I was wondering how well self-ratings correlated with other ratings (e.g., by knowledgeable teachers or other careful observers).


  • What is the correlation between self and other ratings for goal orientation?
  • How do correlations between goal orientation and performance vary based on whether the goal orientations ratings are by the self or an other?


  • Elliot, A.J., McGregor, H.A. & Gable, S. (1999). Achievement goals, study strategies, and exam performance: A mediational analysis.. Journal of educational psychology, 91, 549. PDF
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Do you have your existing data? Would you like to differentiate the two (self-rating vs other rating)? – javin abella Jun 3 at 5:12

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